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What Is The Use Of Kidney In Our Body

What Is The Use Of Kidney In Our Body

G.A.G. Mitchell Professor of Anatomy; Director, Anatomy Laboratory, Victoria University of Manchester, 1946–74. Author of The Anatomy of the Autonomic Nervous System and others.

The Best Foods Good For Kidneys

James Scott Robson Emeritus Professor of Medicine, University of Edinburgh; Consultant Physician, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. Author of numerous articles on acid-base and electrolyte metabolism and renal disorders.

Encyclopaedia Editors Encyclopaedia’s editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, either from years of experience gained by working on the content or through study for an advanced degree. They write new content and verify and edit content received from contributors.

Renal system, in humans, the organ system that includes the kidneys, where urine is produced, and the ureters, bladder, and urethra for the passage, storage, and excretion of urine.

In many respects the human excretory system, or urinary system, resembles that of other mammalian species, but it has unique structural and functional features. Terms

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Emphasizes the elimination function of the system. The kidneys, however, secrete and actively retain in the body certain substances essential for survival as they are eliminated.

This system contains two kidneys, which control the electrolyte composition of the blood and remove dissolved wastes and excess amounts of other substances from the blood; the latter substances are excreted in the urine, which passes from the kidneys to the bladder through two thin muscular tubes called ureters. The bladder is a sac that holds urine until it is expelled through the urethra.

Kidneys are paired pea-shaped organs, reddish brown, concave on one long side and convex on the other. They are usually located high in the abdominal cavity and on its back wall, located on both sides of the vertebral column between the level of the 12th thoracic and third lumbar vertebrae, and outside the peritoneum, the membrane that lines the abdomen.

What Is The Use Of Kidney In Our Body

The long axis of the kidney is parallel to the body, but the upper end of each kidney (pole) slopes slightly inward toward the spine (vertebral column). Located in the middle of the medial concave border is a deep vertical slit, the hilus, which leads to the inner cavity of the kidney known as the renal sinus (kidney). The hilus is the point of entry and exit of the renal arteries and veins, lymphatic vessels, nerves, and the enlarged upper extension of the ureter. Two bean-shaped organs, the kidneys are each about the size of a fist. One is on either side of your spine, just below the rib cage. About half a cup of blood is filtered by healthy kidneys every minute, with the extra water and waste products leaving the body through urine.

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Two thin muscular tubes known as ureters, one on either side of your bladder, carry urine from your kidneys to the bladder. Your bladder collects and stores your urine. The kidneys, ureters, and bladder make up the urinary tract.

The kidney is the most important organ for controlling metabolic waste products and the PH balance of our blood. it consists of various parts that each carry out a specific function consisting of corpuscles, tubules, pyramids, collecting ducts, calyces etc.

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What Is The Use Of Kidney In Our Body

What is Polycystic Kidney Disease? Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is an inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop prim… 1 person found this helpful Dr. Prashant K Vaidya Homeopathy Most people have two kidneys, organs located at the back of your abdomen. The main function of your kidneys is to filter your blood. They also remove waste and balance your body fluids. Common kidney conditions include kidney disease, kidney infections and kidney cysts.

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Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that filter your blood. Your kidneys are part of your urinary system.

Your kidneys filter about 200 liters of fluid each day — enough to fill a large bathtub. During this process, your kidneys remove waste products, which leave your body as urine (urine). Most people urinate about two liters per day. Your body reuses the other 198 liters of fluid.

Your kidneys also help balance your body’s fluids (mostly water) and electrolytes. Electrolytes are important minerals that include sodium and potassium.

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Signs You May Have Kidney Stones

People with diabetes or high blood pressure have the highest risk of kidney problems. Accidents or trauma can also harm your kidneys, such as car accidents or sports injuries.

Your kidneys have many important functions. They clean toxins and waste from your blood. Common waste products include nitrogenous waste (urea), muscle waste (creatinine) and acid. They help your body remove these substances. Your kidneys filter about half a cup of blood every minute.

The adrenal glands are located above each kidney. It produces hormones, including cortisol, that help your body respond to stress.

What Is The Use Of Kidney In Our Body

You can live with only one kidney. A healthcare provider may remove one of your kidneys in a radical nephrectomy.

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Your kidneys are located just below your ribs and behind your abdomen. Normally, one kidney is located on either side of your spine. Your kidneys are between your intestines and your diaphragm. The ureters connect each kidney to your bladder.

The kidney capsule consists of three layers of connective tissue or fat that cover your kidney. It protects your kidney from injury, improves its stability and connects your kidney to the surrounding tissue.

The renal arteries are large blood vessels that control the flow of blood into your kidneys. For most people at rest, the kidneys pump a little more than 5 cups (1.2 liters) of blood to your kidneys every minute.

The outer layer of your kidney, where the nephron (blood filtering unit) begins. The renal cortex also produces the hormone erythropoietin (EPO), which helps make red blood cells in your bone marrow.

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The renal medulla is the inner part of your kidney. It contains most of the nephrons with their glomeruli and renal tubules. The renal tubules carry urine to the renal pelvis.

This pyramid-shaped structure transfers urine to the ureters. Dehydration and certain medications – especially nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) – can damage your kidney papillae.

This funnel-shaped structure collects urine and channels it into two ureters. Urine travels from the ureters to the bladder, where it is stored.

What Is The Use Of Kidney In Our Body

These veins are the main blood vessels that carry filtered blood out of your kidneys and back to your heart. Each of your kidneys has a renal vein.

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Your kidney weight varies. Variance may include your height, weight, age, body mass index (BMI) and location.

For boys and people assigned male at birth, your right kidney may range from 1/5 to about 1/2 pound. (79 grams to 223 grams). Your left kidney may range from less than 1/5 to a little more than 1/2 a pound. (74 grams to 235 grams). Your kidneys may weigh between the weight of one tennis ball and four tennis balls.

For women and people assigned female at birth, your right kidney may range from a little more than 1/10 to 3/5 of a pound. (55 grams to 274 grams). Your left kidney may range from 3/20 to a little less than 3/5 of a pound. (67 grams to 261 grams). Your kidneys may weigh between the weight of one tennis ball or five tennis balls.

Your kidneys perform several important functions in your body. Many different disorders can affect them. Common conditions that affect your kidneys include:

Solitary Or Single Functioning Kidney

It is important to have regular checkups and blood and urine tests to measure the health of your kidneys. You can reduce your risk of developing kidney problems by:

Drinking the right amount of water is good for your kidneys. Water helps your kidneys get rid of toxins and waste products through your urine. It also helps keep your blood vessels healthy, making it easier for the blood to deliver the nutrients it needs to your kidneys.

It’s also a good idea to drink an appropriate amount of water to help prevent kidney stones and urinary tract infections (UTIs). Kidney stones are less likely to form when you have them

What Is The Use Of Kidney In Our Body

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