What Is The Purpose Of A Spleen In Your Body – The spleen is a highly specialized and important organ that plays a vital role in the body’s immune system and the removal and storage of blood. It has 3 main functions.
1. Blood Filter – The spleen filters and removes old or damaged red blood cells (as well as other foreign particles such as bacteria and viruses).
- 1 What Is The Purpose Of A Spleen In Your Body
- 2 Spleen Cancer In Dogs
- 3 Spleen Removal Surgery: Prep, Recovery, Long Term Care
- 4 Understanding Your Lymphatic & Immune Systems
What Is The Purpose Of A Spleen In Your Body
2. Blood Reservoir – It also acts as a reservoir for blood; To store a reservoir that can be released into the bloodstream in case of injury or other emergency.
Splenectomy: Post Surgery Care
3. Antibody production. The spleen also plays a vital role in the body’s immune system by producing antibodies. These are proteins that help the immune system recognize and neutralize foreign invaders (eg germs like bacteria) in the body.
The spleen is an organ located in the upper left abdomen, near the stomach and behind the left side of the rib cage. It is 12 cm long (the same length as a kidney), 5 cm thick and 7 cm wide. It weighs about 150 g (again, the same as a kidney).
In some conditions, the spleen can become enlarged, which is called splenomegaly. It can be caused by many things such as infection, inflammation or cancer. Here are some of them
In rare cases, the spleen may need to be surgically removed, a procedure called a splenectomy. This may be necessary if the spleen is enlarged or damaged to the point of causing other health problems.
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Most operations to remove the spleen are performed using keyhole surgery (laparoscopy). This allows the surgeon to access your spleen inside your stomach (abdomen) without making a large incision.
This means you will have less scarring and a quicker recovery from the operation. But you still need general anesthesia.
Yes. Although the spleen performs many important functions in the body, it is possible to live without one. Also, rarely, some people are born without a spleen.
Sometimes, doctors remove the spleen (splenectomy) because it is damaged or diseased. Without the spleen, the liver takes over many of the functions of the spleen.
Abdomen (human Anatomy)
Splenectomy is a treatment for various types of thrombocytopenia, including immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). These disorders cause low platelet levels in the body. Platelets are blood cells that help your blood clot.
People living without a spleen are at higher risk of infection. People who have other conditions that affect the immune system (such as cancer, HIV, or being on chemotherapy) are at higher risk of infection.
There are things you can do. You should be up to date on vaccinations. You may also need daily antibiotics to prevent bacterial infection. Ask your doctor.
Carry or wear some form of medical ID (such as a MedicAlert bracelet) if your spleen is removed. If you need help or emergency treatment, your medical ID will alert staff to your condition.
Spleen Cancer In Dogs
We have explained what the spleen does and its 3 functions. And we have given you more facts about spleen. We hope you understand better now. The spleen is the largest organ in the body’s lymphatic system. This organ also acts as part of the immune system to protect the body from infection and disease.
Your spleen is located on the upper left side of your stomach below your ribs and is about the size of your fist. Learn more about the spleen, its purpose and what can go wrong with it.
The spleen is part of both the lymphatic system and the immune system. The lymphatic system helps regulate the body’s fluids. As part of that system, the spleen directs a fluid called lymph back into the bloodstream through a network of tissues, vessels, and organs. The spleen also filters and destroys old, damaged, or malformed red blood cells from the circulatory system.
As part of the immune system, the spleen removes microbes from your blood and it produces white blood cells, which help fight infections. It also helps regulate the amount of blood cells your body has—red and white blood cells and platelets—and stores blood for when your body needs it in an emergency.
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Like any other part of the body, the spleen can become damaged or stop working properly. Some of these problems with the spleen are:
If you have a problem with your spleen, you may need to have it partially or completely removed surgically. A partial splenectomy treats the underlying problem (such as a tumor or cyst) while preserving splenic function. Splenectomy can usually be performed laparoscopically, but sometimes it requires open surgery, especially in emergency situations.
After a splenectomy, your liver and lymph nodes can take over the function of your spleen. Spleen removal does not suppress your immune system, but you are more likely to develop serious infections more quickly. It’s important to stay up-to-date on all your vaccinations to protect yourself from disease. Your doctor may also prescribe low-dose antibiotics to take every day for the rest of your life to reduce your risk of developing bacterial infections.
Ashley Festa is a Greenville, S.C.-based freelance writer and editor who has been writing professionally for nearly two decades. Additionally, she has written for the Johns Hopkins School of Nursing, the University of Texas at Arlington School of Nursing and Health Innovation, and Fit Pregnancy Magazine.
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How The Spleen Keeps Blood Healthy
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Spleen Removal Surgery: Prep, Recovery, Long Term Care
Division of Pharmacology, Department of Neuroscience, Reproductive Sciences and Dentistry, Federico II University of Naples, 80131 Naples, Italy
Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Integrated Care Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Anesthesiology and Drug-Use, Federico II University Hospital, 80131 Naples, Italy
Received: 7 April 2017 / Revised: 2 June 2017 / Accepted: 6 June 2017 / Published: 10 June 2017
Once absorbed, drugs distribute in part to reach target tissues in the body, while in part they are disposed of in tissues where they do not exert clinically relevant effects. Therapeutic effects are usually suppressed by drug metabolism and/or elimination. The role traditionally attributed to the spleen in these basic pharmacokinetic processes is certainly marginal. However, due to its high blood flow and its microcirculatory properties, this organ is expected to be significantly exposed to large, new generation drugs that have tight endothelial barriers in other tissues. In the present review, we examine the involvement of the spleen in the disposition of monoclonal antibodies, nanoparticles, and exosomes and possible implications for their therapeutic efficacy and toxicity. The data we review lead to the conclusion that a new role for the spleen is emerging in the pharmacokinetics of a new generation of drugs, and thus this small, neglected organ.
Understanding Your Lymphatic & Immune Systems
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