What Is The Governor General's Most Important Role

What Is The Governor General's Most Important Role – Leonard Wood (October 9, 1860 – August 7, 1927) was a major general, physician, and civil servant in the United States Army. He served as chief of staff of the United States Army, military governor of Cuba, and governor general of the Philippines. He began his military career as a military doctor on the border, where he received the Medal of Honor. During the Spanish-American War, he commanded the Rough Riders, with Theodore Roosevelt as second in command. Wood was passed over for a major command during World War I, but he became a prominent leader in the Republican Party and a leading contender for the 1920 presidential nomination.

Born in Winchester, New Hampshire, Wood became a military surgeon after earning an M.D. from Harvard Medical School. He received the Medal of Honor for his role in the Apache Wars and became the personal physician to the President of the United States. At the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Wood and Roosevelt organized the Rough Riders, a volunteer cavalry regiment. Wood was promoted to brigadier general during the war and fought in the Battle of San Juan Hill and other engagements. After the war, Wood served as military governor of Cuba, where he improved medical and sanitation conditions. President William Howard Taft appointed Wood chief of staff of the Army in 1910, and Wood served in this position until 1914. Several Republican leaders supported Wood for the role of commander of the American expeditionary forces during the First World War, but the Woodrow Wilson administration chose John J. Pershing.

What Is The Governor General's Most Important Role

What Is The Governor General's Most Important Role

After Roosevelt’s death in 1919, many former Roosevelt supporters supported Wood for the presidential nomination at the 1920 Republican National Convention. Wood received the most votes in the first four rounds of voting, but Republicans nominated Warr G. Harding. Wood retired from the army in 1921 and was appointed governor general of the Philippines later that year. He held this position until his death in 1927.

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Wood played an important role in shaping many major developments in the United States in the early 20th century: progressivism, expansionism and colonialism, military reform, preparation for and American intervention in World War I , as well as the elections of 1920. He was particularly representative of an era that valued moral and physical strength. Although admired by his generation for his honesty, candor, and intense, vigorous approach to life, he did not achieve greatness.[1]

Wood was born in Winchester, New Hampshire, on October 9, 1860, one of three children of Dr. Charles Jewett Wood (1829-1880) and Caroline Elizabeth (Hagar) Wood (1836-1910).

His family was of English descent, and Wood was descended from Mayflower passengers William White, Francis Cooke, Steph Hopkins and Richard Warr.

Wood grew up in Pocasset, Massachusetts, and was educated by a private tutor, who attended Pierce Academy in Middleborough, Massachusetts.

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Wood unsuccessfully sought appointment to the United States Naval Academy and considered going to sea on an Arctic expedition or as a commercial fisherman.

Wood’s mother was able to support herself and Wood’s brother Jacob by taking in boarders, while Wood moved away to further his education and obtain a profession.

With the help of a relative, Wood was introduced to wealthy businessman H. H. Hunnewell, a philanthropist who had provided college tuition to other promising young people.

What Is The Governor General's Most Important Role

Hunnewell agreed to finance Wood’s studies at Harvard Medical School, and Wood began taking classes in October 1880.

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According to Hunnewell, who considered his financial support to be a college loan and not a scholarship but who was not trying to obtain repayment, Wood was the only beneficiary who ever repaid it.

Wood worked diligently and consistently improved his grades in the classroom to the point where he earned a scholarship that provided additional financial support for his studies.

He was committed to Boston City Hospital, but was discharged around New Year’s Day for exceeding his authority by performing surgical procedures without supervision.

He then took over the struggling Boston office of a classmate who had been hired by the Southern Pacific Railway.

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Wood practiced medicine in late 1884 and the following year, but business was unstable and he had no reliable income.

In 1885 he took examinations for a commission in the Army Medical Corps, attracted to the army by the possibilities of immediate employment and a regular salary.

He finished second out of 59 applicants, but there was only one vacancy, so Wood was not immediately offered a commission.

What Is The Governor General's Most Important Role

In June 1885, Wood was hired by the United States Army to act as an assistant surgeon without rank, and he was assigned to the Department of Arizona.

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In January 1886, Wood was nominated by the President for appointment in the United States Army as an assistant surgeon with the rank of first lieutenant.

His nomination was one of several whose confirmation by the United States State was delayed until July 27, 1886.

Until then, he continued as a contract surgeon and was stationed with the 4th Cavalry at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. Wood participated in the final campaign against Geronimo in the summer of 1886.

In 1898, Wood was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Geronimo Campaign of 1886, including carrying dispatches 100 miles through hostile territory and commanding a detachment of the 8th Infantry Regiment whose officers had were killed in hand-to-hand combat against the Apaches.

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Nelson A. Miles, the expedition’s overall commander, and Hry Ware Lawton, Wood’s field commander, recommended Wood for a brevet promotion or Medal of Honor, and lobbied persistently for 12 years until until the medal is approved.

The President of the United States of America, on behalf of the Congress, is pleased to present the Medal of Honor to Assistant Surgeon Leonard Wood, United States Army, for his extraordinary heroism during the summer of 1886, during the Apache campaigns in Arizona. Territory. Assistant Surgeon Wood voluntarily carried dispatches through a region infested with hostile Indians, making a 70-mile journey in one night and marching 30 miles the next day. Also for several weeks, while closely pursuing Geronimo’s band and constantly awaiting a counterattack, he commanded an infantry detachment, which was without an officer and to whose command he was assigned at his own request.

Awarded for actions during: Indian campaigns Service: Army Unit: 4th U.S. Cavalry Date of issue: April 8, 1898

What Is The Governor General's Most Important Role

In February 1887, he was appointed acting captain and temporary medical director of the Arizona Department during his superior’s illness.

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In late 1887, Wood’s medical duties took him to Fort Lowell, Arizona Territory, followed by duties at Fort Seld, Fort Stanton, and Fort Wingate, New Mexico.

In 1892, he was part of a contingent of soldiers from the Presidio who traveled to Bicia Barracks to assist California National Guard units in conducting their annual training camp.

While stationed at Fort McPherson in Atlanta, Wood attended graduate school at Georgia Tech in order to be eligible for the school’s football team.

During his service in the White House, Wood developed a friendship with Theodore Roosevelt, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy.

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At the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, Wood and Roosevelt organized the 1st Volunteer Cavalry Regiment, popularly known as the Rough Riders.

When the brigade commander, Samuel B. M. Young, fell ill, Wood received a field promotion to brigadier general of volunteers.

He assumed command of the 2nd Brigade, Cavalry Division, Fifth Army Corps (which included the Rough Riders) and led the brigade to a famous victory on July 1, 1898 at Kettle Hill and San Juan Heights.

What Is The Governor General's Most Important Role

Geral Joe Wheeler with the 1st U.S. Volunteer Cavalry Regiment command group: Colonel Wood is 2nd from the right, while Lt. Col. Roosevelt is on the far right.

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He then remained in Cuba and was appointed military governor of Santiago later in 1898. He served as governor of Cuba from 1899 to 1902.

He also introduced many reforms similar to those of the Progressive movement in the United States, including improvements to the education and justice systems.

On May 15, 1902, before leaving office as military governor, Wood issued an executive order excluding Chinese immigrants.

His tour included reviewing German troops in the annual parade of Emperor Wilhelm II in August, in which he participated with Samuel B. M. Young and Hry C. Corbin,

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In 1903, Wood traveled to the Philippines during the Philippine-American War, where he served as governor of Moro Province until 1906 and commanded the Philippine Division from 1906 to 1908.

He was promoted to major general in 1903 despite significant opposition from members of the United States State who believed that he had not served long enough in the lower ranks and that he had been promoted because of the political influence and not his merit.

Wood was criticized for his command of the U.S. Marines during the First Battle of Bud Dajo in March 1906, in which hundreds of women and children were killed.

What Is The Governor General's Most Important Role

Although Wood did not directly command the assault, he nevertheless took full responsibility for the resulting massacre, claiming that the many civilian casualties were the result of the Moro using women and children as shields humans, as well as the fact that some Moro women dressed as men to do so. join the fight.

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Wood’s explanation differed from that of Philippine Governor General Hry Clay Ide, who said

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