Low White Blood Cell Count Cancer Symptoms – A low white count is a condition where the number of white blood cells in your body is too low. White blood cells (also called leukocytes) are part of the immune system, and are the cells that protect your body from infections by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. A low white blood cell count is leukopenia.
White blood cells are very important for health. Can’t live without them. Microorganisms cause diseases everywhere, but most people do not get sick because they have a lot of white cells that provide protection. A low white blood cell count is a problem in the body, so it is not considered normal.
- 1 Low White Blood Cell Count Cancer Symptoms
- 2 High White Blood Cell Count: Causes, Types, And More
- 3 Neutropenic Fever: What Is It, Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Risk Assessment, Treatment, Prevention, And More
Low White Blood Cell Count Cancer Symptoms
There are many types of white blood cells. Everyone has their own unique goals and differences in life. There are monocytes (morphs into other white blood cells), lymphocytes (release antibodies, regulate immunity, and kill infected human cells), basophils (initiate inflammatory reactions), eosinophils (kill parasites and cause disease), and neutrophils (killers of infection. bacteria and fungi).
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Our body produces millions of different white cells that are constantly replacing old or dead cells. That’s why their numbers stay the same most of the time. The immune system is adept at regulating the numbers of white cells, increasing or decreasing the numbers of a certain type as needed in the situation. Even the times we expose ourselves, such as eating dirty food or utensils, breathing in dirt full of microorganisms, living in open spaces , or in places like airplanes, gyms, or hospitals, we often don’t get sick because we are sick. good supply of white blood cells to kill pathogens before they cause disease.
If we get an infection, the immune system will start a series of actions to stop the growth of, or kill, the invading pathogens, and destroy the diseased or dead cells in the body. the body. The disease often causes a significant increase in the white blood cell count. Doctors can easily tell if you have an infection if they see that your white blood cell count is higher than normal. The increase in white blood cells gives the body a higher chance of stopping the infection.
Of course, there are cases where the white balance falls. In most cases, it requires proper investigation because it is often related to health problems, some of which are serious. It is not a symptom or a mild medical condition. It’s just a finding after a routine blood test.
The proper term for a blood test is called a complete blood count or CBC. Doctors often order a CBC because it checks the number of cell types, including white blood cells. The normal threshold for a white blood cell count may vary. The Mayo Clinic says the normal range is 3.5 billion to 10.5 billion cells per liter of blood. Currently, MEDLINE Plus says the normal range is 4,500 to 11,000 white blood cells per microliter (mcL).
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CBC is the only way to determine the number of white blood cells in the body. Your doctor may order some CBC tests to check your blood count.
The main purpose of white blood cells is to protect the body from infection by microorganisms. If their number is too low, you can be at risk of diseases. Most people do not experience symptoms unless their white blood cell count is very low.
If your white blood cell count has been low for a while, you may have more infections or diseases than usual.
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Not all microorganisms, except HIV, can attack the white blood cells of the head. Now, killing microorganisms is the main purpose of white blood cells. The body naturally produces more white blood cells when there is an infection or inflammation. That’s why diseases increase white blood cells.
As we said before, the body always produces white blood cells. White blood cells are made in the bone marrow, just like the rest of the blood. Having low blood counts means that there is something wrong with the production of white blood cells.
In most cases, a low white blood cell count is the result of an infection. Some medications can cause it as a side effect. A low white blood cell count can cause damage and nutritional deficiencies.
A low white count is often associated with disease. Among the most common reasons is a serious illness, which can use the whites faster than it can be done. A serious illness can develop if the disease is left untreated, or if it does not respond to treatment. It often occurs in infants, young children, or the elderly.
How It Works
A low white blood cell count is a symptom of immunodeficiency or an impaired immune system. As you may have learned in school, white blood cells are part of the immune system. Low numbers of specific white blood cells in the CBC can often indicate the cause of immunodeficiency. Some of the most common diseases that cause immunodeficiency are systemic lupus erythrematosis (lupus), tuberculosis, dengue fever virus infection, rickettsia, psittacosis, Sjogren’s syndrome, Lyme disease, and Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
HIV infection is another common cause of low white blood cell count. Human immunodeficiency virus mainly targets CD T4 helper cells, which are the ones that activate the immune system to fight the disease. HIV infection causes white blood cell counts to drop over time. When the number of white blood cells is too low, bacteria and viruses can enter the body and cause disease, resulting in the serious health problems that define AIDS. Undiagnosed HIV infection is a common cause of low white blood cell counts in both developed and developing countries.
A disease called sarcoidosis can destroy the number of white blood cells. Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease characterized by the formation of lumps called granulomas in the lungs, skin, or lymph nodes. The cause of sarcoidosis is often unknown, but doctors suspect problems in the immune system; Granulomas in the lungs can be caused by an allergic reaction to something that has been inhaled into the lungs. Sarcoidosis may not cause symptoms. It is usually seen after a chest x-ray. In most cases, sarcoidosis goes away without treatment.
The shock caused by sepsis, a disease caused by a serious infection that results in the spread and destruction of the entire body, often causes a significant reduction in white blood cells. Some cases of sepsis cause very low levels of white blood cells, sometimes reducing to 4000 per microliter.
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The bone marrow can become infected with the disease, which reduces the production of white blood cells resulting in a low blood count. Bone infections are not common, but can be caused by infection in the canal or injuries near the bone (including bed sores). Some of these viruses cause diseases such as parovovirus B19, dengue, hepatitis, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, and human immunodeficiency virus.
In cancer patients, a low white blood cell count is often caused by chemotherapy. The drugs used to treat cancer work by killing the rapidly dividing cells that are produced in tumors. The problem is the rapid division of the cells of the bone marrow, which is also targeted by chemotherapy drugs. The drug used to kill cancer also kills the bone marrow, including low white blood cells. During cancer treatment, your doctor will order CBC tests to check your white blood cells and try to prevent them from getting too low. Your healthcare provider will also monitor you for signs of illness.
Also note that some diseases can damage the bone marrow and affect your white blood cells. Any cancer can do this when it affects the bones. Another type of cancer, called acute myeloid leukemia, starts in the bone marrow and can affect the cells that produce white blood cells. Another cancer, multiple myeloma, also causes low white blood cells because it interferes with the production of blood cells.
Another cause is a genetic or congenital problem that reduces bone function, also known as osteoporosis. It’s a problem in the genes. Some of these diseases do not show symptoms until adulthood. These conditions include Fanconi anemia, Dyskeratosis congenital, Shwachman-Diamond syndrome, Diamond-Blackfan anemia, Severe congenital neutropenia, and Congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia. Fortunately, these situations are rare.
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It can be caused by taking certain antibiotics. It is a common side effect of penicillins and cephalosporins, including Penicillin-G, Cefazolin, Cefoxitin, and Cephalothin. It is rare.
If your white blood cell count is low, the most important treatment is to prevent infection. A low white blood cell count also means your immune system is low. You should stick to what is simple but important
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