Effect Of Excess Fat In The Body – Obesity is generally defined as excessive body weight. A BMI of 30 or higher is the normal criteria for obesity in adults. A BMI of 40 or higher is considered severe (formerly “morbid”) obesity. Childhood obesity is measured against growth charts.

Obesity is a complex, chronic disease with multiple causes that lead to excess body fat and sometimes poor health. Of course, body fat itself is not a disease. But when your body has too much fat, it can change the way it works. These changes are progressive, can worsen over time, and can lead to adverse health effects.

Effect Of Excess Fat In The Body

Effect Of Excess Fat In The Body

The good news is that you can improve your health risks by losing excess body fat. Even small changes in weight can have a big impact on your health. Not every weight loss method works for everyone. Most people have tried to lose weight more than once. And keeping the weight off is just as important as losing it in the first place.

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Health care providers commonly use body mass index (BMI) to define obesity in the general population. BMI measures average body weight compared to average body height. In general, health care providers associate a BMI of 30 or higher with obesity. Although BMI has its limitations, it is an easily measurable indicator and can help you understand the health risks associated with obesity.

Examples of limitations include bodybuilders and athletes, who may have high BMI scores despite having high muscle mass and low body fat levels. It is also possible to be obese at a “normal” weight. If your body weight is average but your body fat percentage is high, you may have the same health risks as someone with a high BMI.

Health care providers have also observed racial differences in how much extra weight different people can carry before it affects their health. For example, people of Asian descent are more likely to have health risks at a lower BMI, and black people are more likely to have health risks at a higher BMI.

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Another way to assess obesity is to measure waist circumference. If you have more body fat around your waist, you are at a higher risk of obesity-related diseases. The risk becomes significant when your waist size is greater than 35 inches for women assigned at birth or 40 inches for men at birth.

Health care providers classify obesity into categories based on how severe it is. They use BMI to do this. If your BMI is between 25.0 and 29.9 kg/m

, they put you in the overweight category. There are three general classes of obesity that health care providers use to evaluate which treatments may work best for each person. These include:

Effect Of Excess Fat In The Body

“Morbid obesity” is an older term for class III obesity. In medical parlance, “morbidity” means associated health risks. Doctors called Class III obesity “willful” because it was more likely to come with health problems. However, they retired the term due to its negative connotations.

Obesity Is A Medical Condition In Which Excess Body Fat Has Accumulated To The Extent That It May Have An Adverse Effect On Health, Leading To Reduced Life.

Health care providers also use BMI to calculate obesity in children, but they calculate it based on the child’s age and assigned gender. A child over 2 years of age may be diagnosed with obesity if their BMI is greater than 95% of their peers in the same category. Different growth charts may present slightly different BMI averages, based on the population they are sampling.

The last survey of obesity among American adults was conducted in 2017-2018. The prevalence was 42.5% compared to 30.5% in 1999-2000. In the same period, the prevalence of class III obesity increased from about 4.7 percent to 9.2 percent. As of 2017-2018, childhood obesity in the United States was 19.3 percent.

Worldwide, obesity has nearly tripled in the past 50 years. The increase has been particularly dramatic in low-income countries where malnutrition is common. These communities now have greater access to high-calorie foods with low nutritional value. Obesity now commonly coexists with malnutrition in these countries.

Obesity affects your body in many ways. Some are simply the mechanical effects of having more body fat. For example, you can draw a clear line between extra weight on your body and extra stress on your skeleton and joints. Other effects are more subtle, such as chemical changes in your blood that increase your risk of diabetes, heart disease and stroke.

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Some effects are still not well understood. For example, obesity increases the risk of certain cancers. We don’t know why, but it exists. According to the data, obesity increases your risk of premature death from all causes. By the same token, studies show that you can significantly improve these risks by losing even a small amount of weight (5% to 10%).

Your metabolism is the process of converting calories into energy to fuel your body’s functions. When your body has more calories than it uses, it converts the extra calories into lipids and stores them in your adipose tissue (body fat). When you run out of tissue to store lipids, fat cells grow on their own. Enlarged fat cells release hormones and other chemicals that trigger an inflammatory response.

Chronic inflammation has many adverse health effects. One way it affects your metabolism is by contributing to insulin resistance. This means your body can no longer use insulin to effectively lower blood glucose and blood lipid levels (the sugars and fats in your blood). High blood sugar and blood lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides) also contribute to high blood pressure.

Effect Of Excess Fat In The Body

Together, these common risk factors are called the metabolic syndrome. They are grouped together because they all reinforce each other. They also promote further weight gain and make it harder to lose weight and maintain weight loss. Metabolic syndrome is a common factor in obesity and contributes to many related diseases, including:

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Excess body fat can congest your respiratory system and put stress and strain on your musculoskeletal system. It contributes to:

According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1 in 3 obese adults also have arthritis. Studies show that for every 5 kg of weight you gain, your risk of developing knee arthritis increases by 36%. The good news is that along with exercise, a 10 percent weight loss can significantly reduce arthritis pain and improve your quality of life.

At the most basic level, obesity is caused by your body consuming more calories than it can handle. Many factors contribute to this. Some factors are individual to you. Others are embedded in the fabric of our society, either at the national, local or family level. In some ways, preventing obesity requires consciously working against these multiple factors.

More importantly, when you come to your healthcare provider for care, they will want to know your whole health story. They will ask about your history of medical conditions, medications and weight changes. They will also want to know about your current eating, sleeping and exercise patterns and stressors and whether you have tried any weight loss programs in the past. They may ask about the health history of your biological family.

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They will also check your vital signs by taking your heart rate and blood pressure and listening to your heart and lungs. They may give you blood tests to check your blood glucose and cholesterol levels and hormone problems. They will use this complete profile to assess your obesity and related conditions you may have.

Your complete health profile will determine your individualized treatment plan. Your healthcare provider will first target your most pressing health concerns, then follow up with a long-term weight loss plan. Sometimes there may be immediate changes they can recommend for immediate effect, such as changing your medication. The overall treatment plan will be more gradual and will likely involve many factors. Because everyone is different, it may take some trial and error to find which treatments work best for you. Studies have repeatedly shown that intensive, team-based programs with consistent, personal communication between you and your provider are the most successful at helping people lose weight and keep it off.

The dietary changes you need to make to lose weight will be individual to you. Some people may benefit from cutting portion sizes or snacks between meals. For others, it may be more about changing what they eat than what they eat. Almost everyone can benefit from eating more plants. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and beans are low in fat and high in fiber and micronutrients. They are more nutritious and can make you feel fuller and more satisfied after eating fewer calories.

Effect Of Excess Fat In The Body

Everyone has heard that both diet and exercise are important for weight loss and weight maintenance. But exercise doesn’t mean a gym membership. Just walking at a moderate pace is one of the most effective forms of exercise for weight loss. Just 30 minutes, five days a week is what health care providers recommend. A daily walk at lunchtime or before or after work can make a real difference.

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Counselling, support groups and methods such as academics

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