Combined Heat And Power In Las Vegas’s Entertainment Venues: Cost-effective Solutions

Combined Heat And Power In Las Vegas’s Entertainment Venues: Cost-effective Solutions – The plan, released by state agencies this week and delivered to Gov. Steve Sisolak on Tuesday, laid out Nevada’s first “climate strategy” to cut carbon emissions over the next three decades, which scientists say is imperative for governments across the country to stave off the worst effects of a global warming. heats up — high heat, extreme forest fires, limited water supplies.

The strategy, a lengthy and comprehensive document, represents a significant milestone for a state government that has for years touted its record on encouraging renewable energy but avoided tackling climate change in a coordinated way.

Combined Heat And Power In Las Vegas’s Entertainment Venues: Cost-effective Solutions

Combined Heat And Power In Las Vegas's Entertainment Venues: Cost-effective Solutions

“It’s about the process,” said Kristen Averith, who led the report and is a former president of the Desert Research Institute. “It is about merging climate actions into the state.

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In essence, the report lays out a path for Nevada to achieve a cost-effective transition away from natural gas and electrify the transportation sector, which is the state’s leading source of greenhouse gas emissions. Although the strategy does not dictate policy to the legislature, local governments and state regulators, it analyzes and recommends several policies that should be implemented.

The strategy, Averitt emphasized, is a “living document” that should lay the foundation for future reports and analyses. And it also needed to set expectations. Averitt acknowledged that the report differs from efforts undertaken by other states. It deliberately draws on the challenges and nuances, many specific to Nevada, that come with reducing emissions to net zero by 2050.

For the 17 key policies analyzed in the report, the state established a framework that looked at each recommendation using four metrics: the policy’s potential to reduce emissions, climate justice considerations, economic implications and the legal feasibility of implementing the policy.

Climate activists said the report was a significant step in the country’s climate action efforts. It is important that there

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Strategy, they said. But while the strategy takes into account climate justice — that marginalized communities are often disproportionately affected by climate impacts and the costs of climate action — activists said more work is needed to adequately focus those issues.

“Anything [the state does] around climate change — or even when we’re talking about affordable housing and transportation in general — should be viewed through an environmental justice lens,” said Cynthia Moore, a Las Vegas organizer with EcoMadres, which represents Latino parents and clean advocates. air. “And that should be the driving force behind these policies.”

The report marks a nearly two-year effort to shift the state’s focus to addressing climate change, an effort that began in the Legislature in 2019. During the legislative session, lawmakers passed a bill that sets the state’s first economy-wide emissions reduction goals to reach net zero emissions until 2050.

Combined Heat And Power In Las Vegas's Entertainment Venues: Cost-effective Solutions

State officials estimate that, on its current path, Nevada would fall 4 percent short of its goal of reducing total greenhouse gas emissions by 28 percent by 2025, 19 percent short of achieving a 45 percent reduction in emissions by 2030 and significantly short of achieving a net zero emissions by 2050.

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The 2050 target is in line with the promises of other governments and corporations. While efforts to cut emissions will require investment, the strategy says meeting the emissions targets could prevent between $172 million and $786 million in economic damage linked to carbon pollution by 2030. Meeting the 2050 target, the report said, could prevent billions in damage.

In a statement prepared to accompany the release of the report, Sisolak said climate action must play a role in rebuilding a “more climate-friendly and equitable” economy after the COVID-19 pandemic.

Sisolak, who commissioned the report as part of his Nevada Climate Initiative, said it “serves as the critical framework necessary to elevate climate action and foster a healthy, vibrant, climate-resilient future for all Nevadans — especially our most vulnerable community members who live in areas which experience the greatest climate-related health and economic impacts.”

Emissions from electricity generation — burning coal and natural gas to generate electricity — accounted for roughly 32 percent of total economy-wide emissions in 2016, according to an analysis released earlier this year by the Nevada Department of Environmental Protection.

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That 32 percent share means electricity generation is now Nevada’s second-largest contributor to greenhouse gases — behind the transportation sector at 35 percent of emissions.

But although power plants contribute a smaller share of emissions than the transport sector, the transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy remains a prerequisite. As with most carbon reduction plans around the world, Nevada’s strategy rests on electrification. The strategy aims to electrify transport and make buildings more reliant on electrical appliances rather than gas.

That framework puts NV Energi front and center. This will require the company to potentially accelerate the transition from a majority fossil fuel supply to a majority renewable supply. At the same time, the company predicted that its demand is likely to increase as other sectors need more electricity.

Combined Heat And Power In Las Vegas's Entertainment Venues: Cost-effective Solutions

In recent years, the state has made progress toward reducing emissions from power plants, requiring the closure of coal-fired power plants in southern Nevada and the addition of large solar projects to the grid. And in November, voters passed a ballot measure amending the Nevada Constitution to require utilities to have a 50 percent renewable energy supply portfolio by 2030. The constitutional amendment adds more weight to a similar requirement passed unanimously by the Legislature last year.

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However, the strategy recognizes that the electricity sector needs to move faster. But how those emissions reductions are achieved remains open. David Bobzien, who heads the governor’s Office of Energy and helped write the utility portion of the report, said that was intentional.

“Even with our aggressive [renewable portfolio standard], there’s water that’s still uncharted beyond that 50 percent standard,” Bobzien said. “How do we get to 100 percent?” It’s great to have a goal there, but we know the last 50 percent is going to be complicated.”

On Thursday, NV Energy spokeswoman Jennifer Schuricht said in an email that the strategy “provides a framework for examining all sources of carbon emissions and creating solutions that deliver significant long-term environmental and economic benefits to all Nevadans at affordable costs.” We look forward to working with our policymakers as we pursue these opportunities.”

A recent report, commissioned by the Sierra Club and the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), suggests the state may need a renewables requirement closer to 80 percent by 2030 to stay on track with its emissions goals. But the state report did not describe a specific policy, instead leaving open the possibility that policies other than the renewable standard could be used.

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NV Energy, which serves about 90 percent of Nevada’s electricity needs, recently filed a report with the Public Utilities Commission of Nevada (PUCN) outlining net-zero carbon goals. That report highlights the need to diversify its portfolio, build more transmission and manage demand.

The company’s report suggests that the state may need to move away from renewable energy standards in the future and toward other policies that more precisely target carbon emissions from the grid.

In the PUCN filing, the utility stated that “in the future, state decarbonization efforts may benefit from moving away from [renewable portfolio standard] targets in favor of decarbonization policies to avoid conflict and increase impact on multiple sectors of the economy.”

Combined Heat And Power In Las Vegas's Entertainment Venues: Cost-effective Solutions

NV Energi also warned against policies that completely eliminate fossil fuel production or policies that limit the carbon intensity of existing plants until renewable alternatives are available.

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Despite the switch from coal-fired power plants and the addition of solar over the past decade, natural gas makes up the majority of NV Energi’s power supply. At the same time, natural gas is used in most homes and commercial buildings for heating and cooking, adding to the nation’s carbon footprint.

A common theme in the report was the need not only for a fundamental change but also for a change in thinking about natural gas — a transition from the default policy of planning to use the fossil fuel well into the future.

The climate strategy specifically calls for a policy that allows utility regulators and NV Energi to use natural gas plants — instead of renewables — as backups in the utility’s long-term supply planning.

Every three years, NV Energi is required to submit a comprehensive planning document known as an Integrated Resource Plan. In that regard, natural gas plants are often used as placeholders in predicting long-term supply scenarios. The climate strategy suggests that eliminating the policy would improve the ability to plan an electricity grid that more closely reflects the nation’s 2050 goal.

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“[The policy] basically says there are no targets or requirements for phasing out reliance on fossil fuels,” said Cameron Dyer, a clean energy attorney for Western Resource Advocates.

The climate strategy also looks at other ways to improve planning and reduce natural gas use, including changing the incentives that drive the utility when it comes to setting its rates.

But one of the most significant aspects of the state’s climate strategy is that it points policymakers away from electricity for the first time, calling on them to phase out natural gas in buildings.

Combined Heat And Power In Las Vegas's Entertainment Venues: Cost-effective Solutions

The climate strategy states that “while Nevada

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