Cause Of White Blood Cells In Urine – Urinalysis is part of a routine prenatal test to diagnose any medical condition during pregnancy, including kidney infection, preeclampsia i XA pregnancy disorder characterized by high blood pressure, water retention, and protein content in the urine. , and gestational diabetes in XA condition characterized by elevated blood sugar levels due to hormonal and physical changes in pregnancy. . It also detects an increase in leukocytes in the urine during pregnancy, which may indicate the presence of infection or inflammation in the genitourinary or urinary tract. You also need a urine test to check the function of the ovarian organs (1) (2).
Read on to know the causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment management, and preventive measures for leukocytes or white blood cells (WBC) in urine during pregnancy.
- 1 Cause Of White Blood Cells In Urine
- 2 Elevated Pus Cells In Urine During Pregnancy: Reasons, Treatment And Home Remedies
- 3 Pus Cells In Urine: What Is It? Normal Range
Cause Of White Blood Cells In Urine
Leukocytes or WBCs are part of your immune system and include granulocytes (neutrophils, eosinophils, and basophils), monocytes, and lymphocytes (T cells and B cells). Together, these WBCs help the body fight infections and other diseases.
Leukocytes In Urine
Generally, measuring the number of leukocytes is part of a complete blood cell count (CBC) test (3). However, if a urinary tract infection (UTI) or inflammation is suspected during routine prenatal testing, your healthcare provider may recommend a urine test to detect the presence of leukocytes (especially neutrophils). Normally, urine is sterile, so the normal range of leukocytes in urine is low, ie, up to 5 WBCs per high power field (WBC/HPF) (4).
According to Dr. Alan Lindemann, obstetrician, who is also a former clinical associate professor at the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, “
Leukocytes increase in blood and urine during pregnancy, but normal depends on where you start. If your WBC is not pregnant 5000, then WBC 10,000 or 11,000 is probably normal for pregnancy, but if you start pregnancy with higher WBC, it is normal for you to go up to 15,000
Urine WBC does not indicate a bladder infection, but it can predict problems. An elevated WBC can represent Group B strep infection, so a urine culture is needed because Group B strep bladder infection can cause kidney infection and preterm labor or birth.
Is High Wbc (white Blood Cells) Count In Pregnancy Harmful?
Also known as urinary retention, it is a blockage of the flow of urine through the bladder or urethra. . Also, most immunological changes occur in the urinary tract during this phase (8).
The symptoms of WBCs or leukocytes in the urine sample of pregnant women can vary depending on the cause. Some of these symptoms include (13) (14)
There are two ways to check leukocytes in urine during pregnancy: a clean urine sample or a sterile catheterization. With more discharge during pregnancy, sterile catheterization is the most accurate test for leukocytes during pregnancy.
The results of the leukocyte esterase test can be influenced by the way the urine sample is stored. It is possible that a positive sample may become negative after being stored for 24 hours (19).
Causes Of Blood In Urine (hematuria) For Females
Urine sediment from a fresh urine sample is centrifuged at 1,500 to 3,000 rpm for five minutes and resuspended in the remaining liquid for analysis. A drop is placed on a clean glass slide, covered with a cover slip, and viewed under a microscope.
XAutomatic screening device that analyzes urine for the diagnosis of urinary tract infection (UTI). . Therefore, urine samples of pregnant women occasionally test positive for WBCs (20).
The choice of treatment can vary depending on the cause and the level of leukocyte elevation in the urine. Several standard treatment methods can be included in your prenatal care regime to help balance or reduce leukocyte levels in the urine during pregnancy.
Treatment should be started soon after a high level of leukocytes is detected in the urine sample to prevent adverse obstetrical results. Some maternal complications include (10)
Rbc Urine Test
Here are some tips that can help prevent an increase in leukocytes in the urine and improve maternal health (13) (18):
Yes. Normally, you can have 0-5 WBC/HPF in your urine even when pregnant. However, if the level exceeds 5 WBC / HPF, it may be a sign of infection or inflammation in the urinary tract, and treatment may be necessary (4).
Yes. Other than UTI, increased leukocytes in the urine of pregnant women may be due to cystitis, pyelonephritis, or various genital infections, which increase the risk of fatal complications in the fetus. However, fetal death is rare in such cases (10).
The presence of excess leukocytes for too long in the urine can indicate a serious infection. Severe infections can also lead to other symptoms. Therefore, quick treatment is very important to prevent adverse effects on the health of the mother and the fetus.
Microcytic Anemia: Causes, Symptoms, And Treatment
High levels of leukocytes in urine during pregnancy can occur due to different infections caused by bacteria or fungi. Symptoms of high leukocyte levels depend on the cause but can include frequent urination, fever, and nausea. This condition is usually detected during regular urine tests during pregnancy, after which you may be prescribed antibiotics or home remedies, depending on the cause and severity. Hence, the condition can be managed with appropriate and effective medical intervention. However, a delay in treatment can lead to an extreme increase in leukocytes, which can lead to complications.
The presence of increased leukocytes in the urine during pregnancy indicates an underlying infection. Identifying early symptoms and underlying causes is essential for appropriate management. Let’s look at the infographic below, because it explains the various possible symptoms and causes of urinary leukocytes during pregnancy.
Uncover the potential reasons behind the presence of high WBCs in urine during pregnancy and whenever consult a doctor about it
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Urinalysis: Case Presentations For The Primary Care Physician
Dr Esha Chainani is an obstetrician, gynaecologist, and laparoscopic surgeon working in Mumbai. She has over four years of experience and specializes in pregnancy care, high-risk pregnancy, fertility, vaginal bleeding, fibroid surgery, fertility surgery, PCOS, and endometriosis. Dr. Chainani has authored several internationally published research papers and health articles. She is the founder of Premaa, a nonprofit to reduce maternal … more
Reshmi Das has more than four years of experience as a clinical coordinator, medical content writer and medical conference coordinator. His continuous interest in medical journals and articles led him to write well-researched articles for . He writes health and wellness articles for children and pregnant and lactating women. Reshmi has completed her post graduation in Biotechnology from MITS School of Biotechnology, …more
Rebecca is a pregnancy writer and editor with a passion for delivering research-based content and engaging in the areas of fertility, pregnancy, birth, and postpartum. She graduated in Biotechnology and Genetics from Loyola Academy, Osmania University and received certification in ‘Nutrition and Lifestyle in Pregnancy’ from Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU). She is in health and … again
Aneesha holds a Bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology from USTM, Meghalaya and a Master’s degree in Applied Microbiology from VIT, Vellore. With two years of experience, he has worked on different research projects in the field of Food Science. Additionally, he has an internship experience at Oil India Limited as an R&D project trainer. As a writer at , Aneesha ensures … more and more things can cause blood in your urine (pee), including infections, vigorous exercise and kidney disease. However, you should not ignore hematuria (blood in your urine). A healthcare provider can help you find the cause and the best treatment.
Elevated Pus Cells In Urine During Pregnancy: Reasons, Treatment And Home Remedies
Urine can tell the story of health, with colors ranging from pale yellow to yellow to amber to red, with red possibly indicating blood urine (hematuria).
Hematuria is the medical name for the presence of blood cells in the urine (pee). Health care providers label blood in the urine as gross, microscopic or dipstick.
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Blood in the urine is a common finding. It affects approximately 2% to 30% of the US adult population.
Pus Cells In Urine: What Is It? Normal Range
There may be several different causes of blood in your urine, some more serious than others. These conditions may involve infection or stones, including:
In addition to these other conditions, cells grow uncontrollably in certain parts of the body – what we know as cancer – can cause blood in your urine. These conditions include:
Many times, there are no symptoms except blood in your urine. When this happens, your provider may say you are “asymptomatic.” If you have symptoms, these may include frequent or painful urination or urination that is urgent or needs to happen “immediately”. There can also be associated nausea, vomiting, fever, chills or pain in your back or lower abdomen.
While blood in your urine doesn’t always mean you have an illness, it can be an important warning sign of a possible health problem.
Normal White Blood Cell (wbc) Count By Age
Don’t always ignore bloody urine. Contact your health care provider as soon as you find blood in your urine, as early detection of any problems is helpful.
During your appointment, your health care provider will take a medical history and perform a physical examination that may include a pelvic exam
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