What Is The Survival Rate Of Bile Duct Cancer – » Health information » Cancer of the biliary tract Cholangiocarcinoma – causes, risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, stages, treatment, support groups
Bile duct cancer is called cholangiocarcinoma. It arises from the ducts either inside the liver (intrahepatic carcinoma), at the point where the bile ducts leave the liver (perihilar carcinoma), or outside the liver (extrahepatic carcinoma). Perihilar cancers are the most common of the three.
- 1 What Is The Survival Rate Of Bile Duct Cancer
- 2 A Comparison Of Two Common Bile Duct Ligation Methods To Establish Hepatopulmonary Syndrome Animal Models
- 3 Tumour Budding As An Independent Prognostic Factor For Survival In Patients With Distal Bile Duct Cancer
What Is The Survival Rate Of Bile Duct Cancer
The liver secretes a juice called bile that helps digest dietary fats. Bile travels through a network of channels called bile ducts. These channels begin in the liver where smaller ducts join to form larger ducts.
The Use Of Cholangioscopy In The Diagnosis Of Indeterminate Biliary Strictures: A Case Report And Review Of The Literature
They leave the liver as two main branches, the left and right hepatic duct. These branches join to form the common hepatic duct outside the liver. The common hepatic duct in turn merges with the cystic duct from the gallbladder to form the common bile duct. The common bile duct ends in the first part of the intestine called the duodenum.
The exact cause of bile duct cancer is not known. Some people are at a higher risk of this cancer. They include:
It is important to diagnose bile duct cancer early to prevent it from progressing to later stages. Tests used to diagnose bile duct cancer are:
The patient must have blood tests called liver function tests. These may be abnormal in a patient with bile duct cancer.
A Comparison Of Two Common Bile Duct Ligation Methods To Establish Hepatopulmonary Syndrome Animal Models
The level of certain proteins in the blood that can indicate the presence of this type of cancer (CEA and CA 19-9) may also increase. These chemicals are called tumor markers and elevated levels indicate cancer. However, their levels can be increased in some other cancers or some inflammatory conditions.
When bile duct cancer is diagnosed, it is staged to decide treatment and to assess the outcome of the disease. According to the American Joint Committee on Cancer, staging is done separately for intrahepatic and extrahepatic cancers. Extrahepatic cancers are further divided into extrahepatic peripheral or distant extrahepatic.
Surgical treatment – part of the liver may be removed along with the cancer, especially for intrahepatic cancer. This may mean a partial hepatectomy. A more extensive procedure called a Whipple procedure or pancreaticoduodenectomy is performed to remove the cancer and the distant bile ducts along with nearby lymph nodes.
Advanced Cancer – If the cancer has spread widely and cannot be operated on, radiation and/or chemotherapy are used.
What Is Bile Duct Cancer?
Radiation may also be administered before or after surgery, especially in advanced cases. However, the usefulness of radiation is questionable.
These drugs work against cancer cells and help reduce the risk of cancer after surgery. It also shrinks the tumor and relieves the symptoms of bile duct cancer.
Surgery may be used to relieve the patient of symptoms caused by the blockage of the bile ducts. When the tumor is inoperable, a stent may be placed to drain the bile. In rare cases, a liver transplant is an option.
Extrahepatic tumors usually have a better prognosis than intrahepatic tumors, especially if reported early. In patients with intrahepatic tumors, symptoms develop in late stages, therefore treatment of this group is often delayed.
Recurrent Cholangiocarcinoma With Long‑term Survival By Multimodal Treatment: A Case Report Corrigendum In /10.3892/mco.2021.2288
A cancer diagnosis can cause mental disturbances. There are a number of organizations called support groups that help patients cope with a cancer diagnosis and treatment. Support groups include other patients with similar diagnoses. It is a forum where patients can share their experiences with people who can best understand their condition. Most of them are available online and often there is no need to reveal one’s identity. Some of them are mentioned below.
Adheres to strict ethical publishing standards to ensure accurate, relevant and current health content. We source our materials from reputable sources such as peer-reviewed journals, academic institutions, research bodies, medical associations, and sometimes non-profit organizations. We welcome and value audience feedback as part of our commitment to health literacy and informed decision-making. Cha JM, Kim M, Jang SJ. Early biliary tract cancer. World J Gastroenterol 2007 Jul 7; 13 (25). 3409-3416 Gore RM and Shelhamer RP. Neoplasms of bile ducts. diagnosis and staging. Cancer Imaging (2007) 7, S15-S23 Nguyen K, Sing Jr. JT. A review of endoscopic techniques in the diagnosis and management of cholangiocarcinoma. World J Gastroenterol 2008 May 21; 14(19). 2995-2999 Ustundag Y, Bayraktar Y. Cholangiocarcinoma. A compact review of the literature. World J Gastroenterol 2008 Nov 14; 14(42). 6458-6466Aljiffry M, Walsh MJ, Molinari M. Advances in the diagnosis, treatment and palliation of cholangiocarcinoma. 1990-2009 World J Gastroenterol 2009 Sep 14; 15(34). 4240-4262Bile duct cancer staging – (http://www.cancer.org/cancer/bileductcancer/detailedguide/bile-duct-cancer-staging)
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Bile duct cancer occurs either within the liver or at the point where the bile ducts exit the liver or outside the liver.
Tumour Budding As An Independent Prognostic Factor For Survival In Patients With Distal Bile Duct Cancer
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Received: 3 August 2020 / Revised: 21 December 2020 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 13 January 2021
Background: Biliary tract cancers (BTC) are rare malignancies and are underrepresented in the literature. Methods: We conducted a retrospective population-based review of adult patients with biopsy-proven BTC in Alberta between 2000 and 2015. Demographic data, risk factors, symptoms, treatment, and stage data were collected and analyzed. Survival analyzes were completed. Results: A
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