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High blood pressure is called the “silent killer” because symptoms rarely appear in the early stages. This results in many people going undiagnosed and untreated. Some people experience certain symptoms at random, such as headaches, nosebleeds, and fatigue.
- 1 What Is The Cause Of High Pressure
- 2 Understanding Blood Pressure What Are Normal Blood Pressure Levels?
- 3 Passing Out And Feeling Weak? The Many Causes Of Low Blood Pressure
- 4 What Is High Oil Pressure And How To Solve It?
What Is The Cause Of High Pressure
Smoking and High Blood Pressure Smoking is an important risk factor for high blood pressure (BP). When you smoke, your blood pressure temporarily increases and your risk of artery damage increases. Continuous smoking causes narrowing and stiffness of the arteries, which can last for a decade after quitting smoking. The effects of tobacco can be disastrous for your health, especially if you are already at risk of high blood pressure. Smoking can significantly increase the risk of secondary cardiovascular complications such as heart attack and stroke and increase kidney damage. Even passive smoking increases the risk of heart disease for non-smokers. If you haven’t given up smoking yet, it’s definitely worth doing so not only for blood pressure control but also for your overall health. Tips for quitting smoking can be found here.
High Pressure Alarm: Causes
How do I know if I have high blood pressure? High blood pressure (BP) is called the “silent killer” because symptoms are rare in the early stages. This results in many people going undiagnosed and untreated. Some people experience certain symptoms at random, such as headaches, nosebleeds, and fatigue. Although these symptoms should not be ignored, they are also not reliable indicators of high blood pressure. For a confirmed diagnosis of high blood pressure, you should consult your doctor.1 Since high blood pressure is usually not accompanied by symptoms, the best way to recognize high blood pressure is to always keep an eye on your blood pressure value. You should therefore have your blood pressure checked at least once a year, as high blood pressure can develop unnoticed. However, if you already have high blood pressure, timely detection, treatment, and monitoring can help keep your blood pressure under control. The following can serve as a guide for when to have your blood pressure checked5
Very high blood pressure readings If you have very high blood pressure readings, you may notice the presence of certain symptoms, including 6, 7: Don’t take risks. Keep an eye on your blood pressure regularly and stop the silent killer!
ReferencesWorld Health Organization. A global overview of hypertension. Available at http://www.who.int/cardiovascular_diseases/publications/global_brief_hypertension/en/. Accessed September 19, 2019. Blood Pressure UK. Smoke. Available at http://www.bloodpressionuk.org/microsites/u40/Home/lifestyle/Smoking. Accessed September 19, 2019. UpToDate. Smoking and high blood pressure. Available at http://www.uptodate.com/contents/smoking-and-hypertension. Accessed September 19, 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Smoking and tobacco use. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/secondhand_smoke/health_effects/index.htm#heart. Accessed September 19, 2019. Ministry of Health Malaysia. Clinical Practice Guidelines: Treatment of Hypertension (4th Edition); 2013. NHS Decisions. High blood pressure (hypertension) symptoms. Available at http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/blood-pression-(high)/pages/symptoms.aspx. Accessed September 19, 2019. MSD Manual Consumer version. High blood pressure (hypertension). Available at http://www.msdmanuals.com/home/heart-and-blood-vessel-disorders/high-blood-Pressure/high-blood-Pressure. Accessed September 19, 2019. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is often referred to as “the silent killer,” and for good reason. There are no obvious symptoms. So if you are affected by it, you probably won’t even notice it unless you get checked out. That doesn’t mean it’s harmless – quite the opposite. High blood pressure can slowly damage the body over years and is a major risk factor for a variety of serious illnesses.
According to the Heart and Stroke Foundation, almost one in five Canadians has high blood pressure, but only 66% of those people have it under control and 17% don’t even know they have it. It is important to get checked, especially if you are elderly, overweight or sedentary. By educating yourself about the dangers that high blood pressure can bring and the unhealthy choices that can worsen it, the risks of high blood pressure can be reduced and controlled.
Understanding Blood Pressure What Are Normal Blood Pressure Levels?
Many risk factors for high blood pressure are caused by lifestyle choices. These factors include lack of physical activity, a diet high in fat and sodium, and being overweight or obese. All of this contributes to heart failure and high cholesterol, which increases blood pressure and narrows the arteries. Other choices such as smoking and drinking alcohol have also been shown to be linked to high blood pressure. High levels of stress can also contribute.
Some other causes of high blood pressure are beyond the individual’s control. High blood pressure becomes more common with age, putting older adults at greater risk. Anyone who has high blood pressure in the family also has a higher risk of developing it themselves. Additionally, blood pressure levels vary by race and ethnicity.
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for these serious diseases if left untreated. However, with the right lifestyle choices, blood pressure can be reduced and maintained at a healthy level. For most people, a healthy blood pressure should be a systolic pressure below 120 and a diastolic pressure below 80. If you don’t know what your blood pressure is, you should get checked, especially if your lifestyle or genetics are putting you at risk.
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SYMPTOMS: Some people with high blood pressure may experience headaches, shortness of breath, or nosebleeds. However, these signs and symptoms are not specific and usually only appear when high blood pressure has reached a severe or life-threatening stage.
CAUSES OF SECONDARY HYPERTENSION: Some people have high blood pressure caused by an underlying medical condition. This type of high blood pressure, called secondary hypertension, usually occurs suddenly and causes higher blood pressure than primary hypertension. Various medical conditions and medications can lead to secondary hypertension, including:
Age. The risk of high blood pressure increases with age. Up to around the age of 64, high blood pressure is more common in men. Women are more likely to develop high blood pressure after age 65.
Race. High blood pressure is particularly common in people of African descent and often develops earlier than in white people. Serious complications such as stroke, heart attack and kidney failure are also more common in people of African descent.
Passing Out And Feeling Weak? The Many Causes Of Low Blood Pressure
Overweight or obesity. The more you weigh, the more blood you need to supply your tissues with oxygen and nutrients. As the amount of blood flowing through your blood vessels increases, the pressure on your artery walls also increases.
Not being physically active. People who are inactive tend to have a higher heart rate. The higher your heart rate, the harder your heart has to work with each contraction and the greater the force on your arteries. Lack of physical activity also increases the risk of being overweight.
Use of tobacco. Not only does smoking or chewing tobacco temporarily increase your blood pressure, but the chemicals in tobacco can also damage the lining of your artery walls. This can cause your arteries to narrow and increase your risk of heart disease. Secondhand smoke can also increase your risk of heart disease.
Too much salt (sodium) in your diet. Too much sodium in your diet can cause your body to retain fluid, which increases blood pressure.
What Is High Oil Pressure And How To Solve It?
Too little potassium in your diet. Potassium helps balance the amount of sodium in your cells. A good balance of potassium is crucial for good heart health. If your diet doesn’t contain enough potassium or you lose too much potassium due to dehydration or other health problems, sodium can build up in your blood.
Drinking too much alcohol. Over time, heavy drinking can damage your heart. Consuming more than one drink per day for women and more than two drinks per day for men can have effects
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