What Infections Cause Low White Blood Cells – Blood cell disorders are conditions that affect any of your blood cells – these include your red blood cells and white blood cells and even your platelets. All of these cells are formed in your bone marrow. Although some disorders disrupt the function of one of these cells, they can also impair several blood cells and their specific functions. .
Below are some common benign blood disorders that affect blood cells and platelets. To help our patients better understand each condition, we’ve included symptoms, risk factors, diagnostic methods, and treatment options for each of these benign blood disorders.
- 1 What Infections Cause Low White Blood Cells
- 2 My White Blood Cells Are Elevated: Should I Be Worried?
- 2.1 Nutrition Related Tips To Help Boost Of Lymphocyte Levels
- 3 Does Cancer Put Me At Risk For Sepsis?
What Infections Cause Low White Blood Cells
What is anemia? Anemia is a blood cell disease that affects the function of your red blood cells. If you suffer from anemia, your body lacks the healthy blood cells needed to carry oxygen to the rest of the body. Anemia is sometimes also called low hemoglobin. .
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The signs and symptoms of anemia depend on the severity and type of anemia you are diagnosed with. In addition, anemia can sometimes occur without symptoms. However, some symptoms that may indicate anemia include:
Anemia is often associated with a lack of certain vitamins and minerals, chronic diseases, and intestinal disorders. In addition, other risk factors for anemia are pregnancy, menstruation, age and family history of anemia.
To diagnose anemia, our hematologists may recommend a complete blood count (FBC), which tells us the number of red blood cells in your blood.
If it is caused by a lack of nutrition, supplementing with deficient nutrients (folate, iron or vitamin B12) may be sufficient. If there are other causes, the treatment must be directed accordingly.
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Iron deficiency anemia is a common form of anemia when the body does not have enough iron to produce hemoglobin.
Some common symptoms of iron deficiency anemia include general fatigue, unusual weakness, pale skin, tingling in the feet, swelling and tenderness of the tongue, brittle nails, and frequent headaches.
Iron deficiency anemia is typically caused by low food intake, blood loss, increased need for iron during pregnancy, and reduced absorption of iron from the diet. Risk factors for iron deficiency include age, genetic diseases and lifestyle.
Our hematologists can recommend a series of tests to diagnose iron deficiency anemia. These tests may include a full blood count (FBC), iron profile, and additional diagnostic tests such as colonoscopy and endoscopy may be needed to rule out intestinal causes.
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Treatment options for iron deficiency anemia may include oral iron supplements, intravenous iron infusion, and red blood cell transfusion.
You can find more information about iron deficiency anemia, its symptoms, risk factors and treatment options here.
Aplastic anemia is a rare and serious condition when the body does not produce enough blood cells. This makes the body feel tired and can increase the risk of both uncontrolled bleeding and infection.
Some risk factors for aplastic anemia include exposure to toxic chemicals, radiation or chemotherapy for cancer, certain prescription medications, pregnancy, and autoimmune disorders.
Disorders Of Leukocytes/white Blood Cells
Treatment for aplastic anemia depends on the patient’s age and the severity of the condition. The goal of treatment is to restore blood cell production. It may resolve spontaneously without treatment if the condition is mild, although this is not very common. Patients are likely to need blood and platelet transfusions to prevent and control infections.
Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that affects the production of red blood cells. Abnormal blood production means that sick individuals do not produce sufficient numbers of functioning red blood cells.
There are several types of thalassemia, and the most common forms are alpha and beta thalassemia. Clinically, thalassemia patients may present with thalassemia minor or thalassemia major.
Symptoms of thalassemia can vary, and some people have no visible symptoms, while others develop symptoms later in adolescence. Some of the more common symptoms are:
My White Blood Cells Are Elevated: Should I Be Worried?
Our hematologists may recommend a full blood count (FBC) to diagnose thalassemia. More specific blood tests, such as hemoglobin electrophoresis and red blood cell genotyping, are needed to clarify the diagnosis of thalassemia and determine the thalassemia subgroup.
Treatment options may vary depending on the type of thalassemia you have been diagnosed with – some forms of thalassemia do not require treatment. However, if you need treatment, our hematologists can recommend iron chelation, blood transfusions, bone marrow or blood stem cell transplantation.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood disorder in which a blood clot forms in a blood vessel deep in the body, usually in the leg or arm. This results in the blood flow through the vein being completely or partially blocked, causing the affected limb to become painful, red and swollen.
Various risk factors increase your chances of developing a deep vein thrombosis. These include prolonged bed rest or sitting, age, being overweight, smoking, cancer, heart failure, genetics, birth control pills, and pregnancy.
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Ultrasound is typically used to diagnose deep vein thrombosis. It allows our hematologists to check whether the blood flows normally in the veins.
The recommended treatment is an anticoagulant, a drug that thins the blood and prevents the clot from growing and preventing it from breaking off and causing a pulmonary embolism. The blood clot will naturally dissolve in your body over time.
Pulmonary embolism means a condition where a blood clot (thrombus) settles in the blood vessels of the lungs. PE usually begins as a clot in a deep vein (also known as deep vein thrombosis, or DVT) in the leg that has broken loose and drained into the lungs. This can be a life-threatening condition if not treated quickly.
Some common symptoms of a pulmonary embolism include difficulty breathing, coughing up blood, and pain in the chest or upper back.
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The most common risk factors for pulmonary embolism are hereditary diseases (blood clotting disorders), long periods of immobility, and cancer or chemotherapy.
Our hematologists may order special blood tests (including a test known as D-dimer), EKG, pulmonary angiogram, chest X-ray, and other diagnostic tests to diagnose pulmonary embolism.
Depending on the general health of the patient, different treatment options may be recommended for the treatment of pulmonary embolism. These include anticoagulant medications, compression stockings, and thrombolytic therapy.
Here you can find more information about pulmonary embolism, its treatment options and the possible risks and side effects of anticoagulant drugs.
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Immune thrombocytopenia is an autoimmune disease that causes low platelet counts, leading to abnormal bleeding and bruising.
Patients with immune thrombocytopenia who have a platelet count above 50 may not show signs of the disease. In these cases, a low platelet count is usually detected in a routine blood test. People with very low platelet counts may experience symptoms such as petechiae (pins and needles), bruising, purpura (purple spots on the skin), bleeding from the nose and gums, heavy periods and fatigue.
Some risk factors for immune thrombocytopenia include gender, which has been found to be more common in women, and medical conditions such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
Patients with immune thrombocytopenia who have a platelet count above 50 may not show signs of the disease. In these cases, a low platelet count is usually detected in a routine blood test.
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Patients with mild ITP usually do not need active treatment. However, their platelet count must be monitored regularly. The goal of ITP treatment is to increase the number of platelets and suppress the body’s immune system to reduce the destruction of platelets.
First-line treatments for ITP include steroids such as prednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). These help suppress the immune response and prevent platelet destruction.
Von Willebrand’s disease (vWD) is one of the most common bleeding disorders caused by low levels or dysfunction of von Willebrand factor (vWF).
The symptoms of VWD can be either too mild to notice or very severe and frequent. Symptoms can start at any age and can include lumpy bruises, blood in the urine and stool, and prolonged bleeding. In addition, vWD patients may experience symptoms similar to anemia, such as weakness and fatigue.
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To diagnose von Willebrand disease, our hematologists may ask questions about your family history. In addition, our doctor will check for unusual bruising and run blood tests to determine your blood clotting.
There is currently no cure for vWD. However, the condition can be controlled using drugs and other treatments, such as antifibrinolytic agents, desmopressin, and replacement therapies.
Hereditary red cell diseases are diseases that are inherited genetically. Two common types of inherited red blood cell disorders are sickle cell disease and thalassemia. .
A genetic mutation causes thalassemia, and these mutations prevent the normal production of hemoglobin in the body. As mentioned, without sufficient hemoglobin, oxygen cannot be carried to the rest of the body. Without enough oxygen, the organs cannot function well. This can lead to conditions such as an enlarged spleen, heart problems, bone deformities and both developmental and growth delays in children. .
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Treatment for thalassemia is usually blood transfusion and folic acid. Arm
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