What Could Be The Cause Of Dizziness And Headaches – If you have pressure or pain in your ears, severe dizziness, hearing loss, and ringing or roaring (also known as tinnitus), you may have a condition known as Meniere’s disease.
Ménière’s disease, named after the French doctor who discovered the disease, primarily affects the body’s organs of hearing and balance, which are closely linked in the inner ear. Excess fluid and pressure in the inner ear causes these symptoms.
- 1 What Could Be The Cause Of Dizziness And Headaches
- 2 Dizziness: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, And Diagnosis
- 3 Why Can Nasal Polyps Make You Dizzy?
- 4 Headaches And Dizziness: What’s The Connection?
- 5 Dizziness And Vertigo: Clinical: Video & Anatomy
What Could Be The Cause Of Dizziness And Headaches
People with Ménière’s disease likely have problems with excess pressure or fluid inside, but doctors still don’t know exactly what causes it. This is more common in people with head injuries, allergies, respiratory infections, and sleep apnea.
Dizziness: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, And Diagnosis
According to the UK non-profit Meniere’s Society, around 7-10% of sufferers have a family history.
Basically, anything that increases the pressure or fluid in the inner ear can trigger an attack. Because the inner ear is so sensitive, it’s a long list. But everyone’s triggers are different. Some of these may cause Meniere’s episode in one person and not in another:
During a seizure, a person’s pupils may move rapidly towards each other, called nystagmus (see an example here). People with Ménière’s disease may also struggle with “brain fog,” disoriented thinking, and fatigue. Rarely, people also experience diplacusis, called “double hearing.”
Symptoms vary from person to person. People with Meniere’s disease will usually experience episodes in clusters with long periods of remission. Some patients will have many seizures over several days, while others will have an isolated seizure every now and then. In other words, it’s very individual.
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A Meniere’s attack usually begins with a feeling of pressure in the ear, followed by tinnitus, hearing loss and dizziness. These episodes will last anywhere from 20 minutes to four hours.
When experiencing an episode of Ménière’s disease, it is best to lie down and focus on one stationary object, as this helps the inner ear to rest. Napping can also help. Any medications you are prescribed, such as anti-nausea and anti-anxiety medications, may also help.
Repeated bouts of tinnitus, hearing loss, and dizziness are strong signs of Ménière’s disease. However, because all of these problems are common and can be associated with other conditions, Meniere’s scan is sometimes difficult to diagnose.
“It is important to recognize that it may take many months before a full and accurate diagnosis can be made,” he writes in 2020. in April authors of clinical practice guidelines published in the Journal of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery.
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There is no single test to detect and diagnose Meniere’s disease. However, tests can help rule out other conditions.
To confirm a diagnosis of Ménière’s disease, doctors must rule out other diseases that cause similar symptoms, the guideline authors note. These include autoimmune inner ear disease (a common cause of sudden hearing loss), otosclerosis, acoustic neuromas, temporal bone fractures, otosyphilis, vestibular neuritis, vestibular migraine, and acute labyrinthitis. These diseases usually respond to different treatments.
If your only main symptom is dizziness, it may not be Ménière’s disease, but a more common condition known as BPPV.
Also, if you have trouble falling asleep or experience increased daytime sleepiness, you may want to be tested for obstructive sleep apnea. About 15% of people with Ménière’s disease also have sleep apnea.
Dizziness Causes & Treatments
Unfortunately, many treatments for Meniere’s have not been thoroughly researched. The Cochrane Collaboration, which evaluates medical research, found that only two treatments had evidence from clinical trials to support their use. They are:
There are many other proposed treatment options for Meniere’s, but there is a lack of evidence for their use. That doesn’t necessarily mean they won’t work, they just haven’t been studied. According to the National Institutes of Health, these treatments include cognitive-behavioral therapy, pressure pulse therapy, acupuncture, and other alternative therapies.
Note: For a comprehensive medical overview of Meniere’s, we recommend this page maintained by the Vertigo and Hearing Clinic of Chicago.
In rare cases, people with late-stage Ménière’s disease may lose their balance and fall suddenly, but remain conscious and aware of what is happening. This is called a drop attack. It can be very scary to experience a drop attack, so you should let your doctor know about it. They are not harmful in themselves, but they can cause serious injuries. The Dizziness and Balance website has a detailed page on falling attacks.
Cervical Vertigo: How A Pinched Nerve Can Cause Chronic Dizziness?
Although Meniere’s disease can affect people of any age, it is much more common in people in their 40s and 50s. This condition is considered chronic and there is no cure, but there are various treatment strategies that will reduce the impact on your life and relieve symptoms. It affects about 1 in 1,500 people, so it is quite rare. It can affect one or both ears.
Many people who suffer from frequent or persistent tinnitus understandably hope that it can be eliminated. Although there is usually no cure, tinnitus can be managed successfully, especially if you are careful about the triggers and reduce your exposure to noise.
Meniere’s disease can cause hearing loss, including middle- and low-frequency hearing loss, which means that low-pitched sounds can be harder to hear (for example, male voices compared to female voices, or bass in music). A person may also be more sensitive to higher-pitched sounds and feel uncomfortable, called hyperacusis.
However, Ménière’s disease is unpredictable, and hearing loss can affect high frequencies rather than low frequencies. Hearing loss often comes and goes, making diagnosis difficult.
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Some people will gradually develop more severe hearing loss, which may be in just one ear or in both ears. Hearing loss in one ear presents unique problems, but it can be treated.
Hearing aids can usually help because the hearing loss is sensorineural in origin. When hearing loss is severe, CROS hearing aids or cochlear implants may be recommended.
In addition to the usual symptoms of Ménière’s disease, depression or anxiety may occur. Based on the 2020 In a systematic review that looked at the two conditions, about half of all Meniere’s patients have depression.
This is not surprising: since the ailment affects the haircut, you may feel afraid and lose confidence in conversations with others or at work, which can contribute to depression or anxiety. In addition, vertigo symptoms usually come out of nowhere, so people with Ménière’s disease can be constantly anxious and unsure of when an episode will occur.
Why Can Nasal Polyps Make You Dizzy?
Is Meniere’s disease associated with labyrinthine or vertigo? No, although these disorders are associated with vertigo, they are usually not. However, both disorders are possible at the same time.
Various home remedies can help control Meniere’s disease, although none of them have been thoroughly studied to see if they are effective or not.
Changing your diet can reduce the amount of fluid in the inner ear, which can reduce the symptoms of the disease. Researchers who looked into this issue concluded that there are no good clinical trials of diet and Meniere’s disease. Good news? These changes are worth trying because they are not harmful and can improve your overall health:
Typically, ear, nose, and throat doctors, known as ENTs, or otolaryngologists, treat disorders of the inner ear. Neurologists and audiologists may also be part of your health care team. If you experience symptoms of tinnitus, hearing loss, and vertigo, ask your primary care physician for a referral to an ENT doctor or visit a hearing center near you. Always seek help immediately if you experience sudden hearing loss.
Neck Pain And Dizziness (and The Role Of The Inner Ear)
Joy Victory has extensive experience editing consumer health information. Her training focused on how best to present evidence-based medical guidelines and clinical trial results to the public. It aims to make health content accurate, accessible and engaging for the public. Read more about Joy. Dizziness is a very common symptom associated with several medical conditions. Dizziness is usually associated with sensations such as unsteadiness or shortness of breath. It is also one of the most common reasons why individuals consult their doctors.
MRIs and CT scans can help doctors diagnose vertigo, especially in stroke patients, elderly patients, and patients with head trauma.
In most cases, dizziness does not require treatment. Usually, the body adapts to the cause of dizziness within a few weeks.
Headaches And Dizziness: What’s The Connection?
Injections of the antibiotic gentamicin into the inner ear to disable balance function. The intact ear takes over this function.
A surgical procedure in which the sensory organ of the inner ear is removed. It disables the vestibular apparatus of the affected ear, and the opposite ear takes over this function. This treatment is for patients with severe hearing loss and vertigo that does not respond to other treatments.
Rest in a cool place and drink water or a sports drink (Gatorade, Powerade) if dizziness is caused by overheating or dehydration.
Dizziness can increase the risk of falls and injuries. Dizziness can also cause accidents if it occurs while a person is driving.
Dizziness And Vertigo: Clinical: Video & Anatomy
I think I have nerve damage. Still can’t walk far or properly, waiting for ENT. Would that be true?
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