What Can Cause Low Red Blood Cells – Since anemia occurs when you don’t have enough red blood cells (RBCs), blood tests to check for red blood cells (RBCs):
If you are concerned about developing anemia or have anemia, here are some questions you may want to ask your healthcare provider (doctor):
- 1 What Can Cause Low Red Blood Cells
- 2 Anemia Discovery Points To More Effective Treatment Approaches
- 3 What Is Anemia?
- 3.1 Memory Loss Anemia Need Not Lead To Alzheimer’s
- 3.2 Pernicious Anemia: Definition, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
- 3.3 Sickle Cell Disorders & Disability
- 3.4 Sickle Cell Anemia
- 3.5 What Causes Anemia? How To Treat Anemia And Spot The Symptoms
What Can Cause Low Red Blood Cells
The most common cause of anemia is iron deficiency. Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is a protein rich in iron that travels in red blood cells. It helps move oxygen (O2) from the lungs to other parts of the body.
Anemia Discovery Points To More Effective Treatment Approaches
Adults with severe anemia may be at risk of developing problems affecting their heart or lungs. For example, you can develop tachycardia, an irregular heartbeat, or heart failure, where the heart can’t pump enough blood around your body at the right pressure.
If you have anemia, your body does not get enough oxygenated blood. Lack of oxygen can make you feel tired or weak. You may have shortness of breath (dyspnea), dizziness, headache, or an irregular heartbeat.
To treat your anemia, your doctor may recommend eating more meat—especially red meat (such as beef or liver), as well as chicken, turkey, pork, fish, and shellfish. Meatless foods that are the best sources of iron include spinach & other dark leafy vegetables.
A bone marrow transplant, known as a stem cell transplant, is an option if you cannot make healthy red blood cells. In this procedure, your bone marrow is replaced by a bone marrow donor that can produce healthy cells. This is the only treatment for some types of anemia, such as paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.
What Is Anemia?
Many people are at risk of anemia due to poor diet, intestinal disorders, chronic diseases, infections, and other conditions. Menstruating or pregnant women and people with chronic diseases are at risk of this disease. The risk of anemia increases as people get older.
The last stage is iron deficiency anemia. It is characterized by a decrease in the amount of hemoglobin and small (microcytic), and pale (hypochromic) red blood cells (RBCs). Symptoms include fatigue on exertion, weakness, headaches, lethargy, dizziness, cold intolerance, decreased physical activity, and poor immune function.
Iron supplements can improve iron in your body. This can help treat iron-deficiency anemia. Iron supplements are not usually given to people who do not have iron-deficiency anemia because too much iron can damage your organs. Vitamin B12 supplements or shots can help treat vitamin B12-deficiency anemia.
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Anemia Symptoms, Iron Deficiency Anemia, Low Hemoglobin, Types Of Anemia, Signs Of Low Iron
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Iron Deficiency Anemia
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Anemia is diagnosed according to the amount of hemoglobin, in men if the hemoglobin is below 13g/dl and in women the hemoglobin is below 12g/dl.
Red blood cells contain hemoglobin-bound protein that gives them their color. Hemoglobin’s functions include carrying oxygen from the lungs to all other parts of the body and carbon dioxide from the body to the lungs where it is excreted. Red blood cells are mainly made in the bone marrow and the body needs essential nutrients such as iron and vitamin B12 to produce red blood cells. Also Read: Feeling Tired, Short of Breath? It could be Iron Deficiency
Anemia is caused by several factors including reduced hemoglobin production due to iron deficiency, vitamin B12 deficiency, thalassemia disorder, and bone marrow disorder.
Memory Loss Anemia Need Not Lead To Alzheimer’s
Genetic conditions such as sickle cell anemia, infections, and autoimmune disorders cause increased destruction of red blood cells.
Anemia is also divided according to the size of the red blood cells, if the cells are small it is called microcytic anemia and if the cells are large then it is called macrocytic anemia.
Anemia ranges from mild to severe form, however, anemia needs to be treated quickly as it can be a warning sign of other serious health conditions.
Other factors that can increase the risk of anemia include poor diet, intestinal problems such as celiac disease and Crohn’s disease, menstruation and menopause, pregnancy, chronic disease – cancer and kidney damage, genetic factors, alcoholism and exposure to toxic chemicals.
Pernicious Anemia: Definition, Symptoms, Causes & Treatment
Signs and symptoms of anemia vary depending on the cause. The symptoms of anemia worsen as the condition becomes more severe.
A doctor usually diagnoses anemia by doing a thorough physical examination and medical history. The doctor also recommends other blood tests like CBC to find out what is causing the anemia. Also Read: Top 5 Iron Rich Foods To Boost Your Baby’s Immunity
Treatment usually depends on treating the causes including – iron, vitamin B 12, folic acid and vitamin C supplements are given to improve hemoglobin. If anemia is caused by chronic diseases then blood transfusions are recommended to increase iron, bone marrow transplantation and treatment of other underlying conditions is necessary. Pernicious anemia, one of the causes of vitamin B12 deficiency, is an autoimmune condition. your body from consuming vitamin B12. Left untreated, pernicious anemia can cause serious medical conditions, including permanent damage to your nervous system.
A woman drinking water with an inset of the digestive system (center) and (left) information on the normal and abnormal B-12 absorption process.
Sickle Cell Disorders & Disability
Pernicious (per-nish-uhs) anemia, one of the causes of vitamin B12 deficiency, is an autoimmune condition that prevents your body from absorbing vitamin B12. Without enough vitamin B12, you have fewer red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout your body. You can have pernicious anemia for several years before you notice changes in your body. Left untreated, pernicious anemia can cause serious medical conditions, including permanent damage to your nervous system. Health care providers treat pernicious anemia by prescribing vitamin B12 supplements.
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Pernicious anemia usually affects people aged 60 to 80 in Northern Europe. Pernicious anemia is estimated to affect 151 in 100,000 people in the United States.
Generally speaking, the longer you go without adequate vitamin B12, the more severe your symptoms will be. At first, people may have mild symptoms that they think are caused by other common conditions. Examples include:
Sickle Cell Anemia
Long-term low vitamin B12 levels caused by severe anemia can damage your nerves. Symptoms of possible neurological problems include:
Yes. Normally, your body stores vitamin B12 that it gets from what you eat. Your body stores vitamin B 12, using it up gradually over time. It can take three to five years for your body to use up its stores of vitamin B12. After that, it may take several more years before you develop fatal anemia symptoms.
Pernicious anemia is an autoimmune condition that occurs when your immune system produces antibodies that attack the cells of the mucosal lining of your stomach and nerve cells. Your immune system affects your body’s ability to absorb vitamin B12.
Antibodies also block a special protein called intrinsic (in-TRIN-sic) factor. Normally, intrinsic factor transports the vitamin B12 we get from food to important cells in your small intestine. From there, vitamin B12 is carried in your bloodstream. More
What Causes Anemia? How To Treat Anemia And Spot The Symptoms
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