Function Of Fats In The Human Body – Difference Between Carbohydrates and Fats Carbohydrates and fats are important building blocks of the body and both are required for energy. However, their functions are different. Let us understand here the difference between carbohydrates and fats.
Difference Between Carbohydrates and Fats: Carbohydrates and fats are macronutrients necessary for body development and maintenance of body functions.
- 1 Function Of Fats In The Human Body
- 2 Nutrients And Other Compounds Found In Food
Function Of Fats In The Human Body
Both carbohydrates and fats provide energy to the body, but there are certain differences between carbohydrates and fats that we will discuss in this article.
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Carbohydrates are one of the major macronutrients obtained from food sources, besides protein and fat. Carbohydrates are broken down into simpler forms of glucose in the body.
Glucose is the body’s source of energy and is essential for the function of cells, tissues and organs. There are three main types of carbohydrates, namely sugar, starch and fiber.
Fat is one of the major macronutrients necessary for human body function. Composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, fat is calorically dense and provides 9 calories of energy per gram, while carbohydrates and proteins provide 4 calories of energy per gram.
Now we have a basic understanding of carbohydrates and fats. Now let’s look at the differences between carbohydrates and fats below.
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From the above table we can understand that both carbohydrates and fats are indispensable to the functions of the human body. We also learned about the differences between carbohydrates and fats. For more such informative articles, stay connected with us.
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Low fat? No fat? Try more fat. Dietary fat is essential for maintaining good overall health, especially as we age. “Your body needs fat on a regular basis,” says Vasanti Malik, a research scientist in the Department of Nutrition at Harvard T.H. Chan Public School. “Fat helps provide energy to your body, protect your organs, support cell growth, control cholesterol and blood pressure, and help your body absorb important nutrients. When you focus too much on eliminating all fat, you may actually It deprives your body of what it needs most.”
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To understand the role of fat in your diet, you must take a closer look at the two types of dietary fats: saturated fats and unsaturated fats. (A third type of trans fat has been nearly eliminated from American foods.)
Saturated. This is the so-called “bad” fat. It is mainly found in animal products such as beef and pork and high-fat dairy products such as butter, margarine, butter and cheese. High amounts of saturated fat are also found in many quick, processed and baked goods, such as pizza, desserts, burgers, cookies and pastries. These fats tend to be more “solid” than other fats (think butter or lard).
Unsaturated. This is the y-type, and there are two types: unitary unsaturated and polyunsaturated. Monounsaturated fats are found in avocados and peanut butter; nuts, such as almonds, hazelnuts, cashews, and pecans; and seeds, such as pumpkin, sesame seeds, and sunflower seeds. It is also found in vegetable oils such as olive, peanut, safflower, sesame, and canola oils.
Polyunsaturated fats include omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids. Polyunsaturated fats are found in vegetable oils such as soybean, corn and safflower oils, as well as in walnuts, flaxseeds, sunflower seeds and fish such as salmon, mackerel, herring, tuna and trout.
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The main concern with dietary fats is how they affect cholesterol levels. Eating high amounts of saturated fat produces more LDL (bad) cholesterol, which can build up plaque in the arteries and increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke.
“Many processed foods and fast food made from saturated fat also contain high amounts of calories, which can lead to weight gain and further increase the risk of heart disease,” Malik said.
In contrast, unsaturated fats help increase HDL (good) cholesterol levels. HDL absorbs excess LDL in the blood and moves it to the liver, where it is broken down and discarded. “You want a high HDL to LDL ratio, and unsaturated fats can help achieve that,” Malik says.
But research has found that eating more y fat isn’t enough. You also have to remove unsaturated fats. A study by Harvard University researchers published in the March 2018 issue
Nutrients And Other Compounds Found In Food
Studies have found that consuming monounsaturated fats, especially those found in nuts and olive oil, can reduce a person’s risk of heart disease, especially if y fats replace saturated fats and refined carbohydrates (which also raise LDL levels ). The researchers added that if a person continues to consume too much saturated fat, any benefits of consuming monounsaturated fat may be offset.
Malik says another benefit of eating more “good” fats and less “bad” fats is that it keeps your brain healthy. Studies have found that people who follow the MIND diet have a lower risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. The MIND diet advocates eating more of 10 specific foods and less of 5 others. The good ones include Y-fat foods like nuts, fatty fish, and olive oil, while the bad ones (butter, cheese, red meat, pastries, fried foods, and fast food) contain high amounts of saturated fat.
Researchers surveyed more than 900 people aged 58 to 98, who filled out food questionnaires and underwent repeated neurological tests. The study found that people whose diets most closely followed MIND recommendations had cognitive function comparable to people who were more than seven years younger.
The link between y fat and ier brain may be related to inflammation. “A diet rich in saturated fat appears to trigger inflammation, while eating unsaturated fat suppresses the inflammatory response,” Malik said.
Human Digestive System
Coconut oil is marketed as a “y” oil, but it’s 82 percent saturated fat, and the American Heart Association said in 2017 that there’s no evidence it has any specific benefits. “It may be better than saturated fat from animal sources, but it shouldn’t be your daily source of fat,” Malik says. “If anything, use caution.”
How much dietary fat should you eat each day? The latest Dietary Guidelines for Americans no longer recommend specific fat levels. However, they still emphasize keeping saturated fat intake to less than 10% of total daily calories.
Malik suggests it’s easier to focus on quality rather than quantity. “Incorporate more foods that contain monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats into your diet, and stay away from those that contain saturated fats,” she says.
A simple strategy is to add some fat to each meal. “Since both types of unsaturated fat are yoghurt, there’s no need to worry about equal amounts of each,” says Malik.
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For example, spread avocado on toast, make a nut butter sandwich for lunch, and add a handful of nuts for an afternoon snack. Buy an oil brush and apply olive oil to the chicken breasts and vegetables.
“You don’t have to make major changes in your eating habits to get the right fats in your diet,” says Malik.
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