Cause Of Low Red Blood Cell Count In Men – Blood cell disorders are conditions that affect any of your blood – these are your red and white blood cells, and even your platelets. All these cells are created in your bone marrow. Although some disorders affect the function of one of these cells, they can also damage multiple blood cells and their given function. .
Below are some common benign blood conditions that affect a person’s blood cells and platelets. To help our patients better understand each condition, we’ve included the symptoms, risk factors, diagnosis methods and treatment options for each of these benign blood conditions.
- 1 Cause Of Low Red Blood Cell Count In Men
- 2 Rheumatoid Arthritis And Anemia: Understanding The Connection
- 3 Low Hemoglobin Count Causes
- 4 Components Of Blood (article)
- 5 Types Of White Blood Cells: What The Numbers May Mean
- 6 What Type Of Cancer Causes Low Hemoglobin
- 7 What Cancer Types Cause Low Hemoglobin?
Cause Of Low Red Blood Cell Count In Men
What is Anemia? Anemia is a blood cell disorder that affects the function of your red blood cells. If you have anaemia, your body does not have the healthy blood cells needed to carry oxygen to the rest of your body. Anemia is also sometimes called low hemoglobin. .
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The signs and symptoms of anemia depend on the severity and type of anemia you have been diagnosed with. In addition, anemia may sometimes be present without any symptoms. However, there are some symptoms that may be an indicator of anemia:
Anemia is often linked to specific vitamin and mineral deficiencies, chronic conditions, and intestinal disorders. In addition, other risk factors for anemia include pregnancy, menstruation, age, and a family history of anemia.
To diagnose anaemia, our haematologists may recommend a complete blood count (CBC), which will tell us the level of red blood cells in your blood.
If it is due to a dietary deficiency, supplementation of the deficient nutrients (folate, iron or vitamin B12) may be sufficient. If there are other causes, the treatment will need to be guided accordingly.
Low Hemoglobin Count Causes
Iron deficiency anemia is a common type of anemia where the body does not have enough iron to produce hemoglobin.
Common symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are general fatigue, unusual weakness, pale skin, tingling sensation in the legs, swelling and soreness of the tongue, brittle nails, and frequent headaches.
Iron deficiency anemia is usually caused by low dietary intake, blood loss, increased need for iron during pregnancy, and reduced absorption of iron from a person’s diet. The risk factors for iron deficiency include age, genetic conditions, and lifestyle choices.
Our hematologists may recommend a series of tests to diagnose iron deficiency anemia. These tests may include a complete blood count (CBC), an iron profile, and additional diagnostic tests, such as a colonoscopy and endoscopy to rule out any bowel causes, may be necessary.
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Treatment options for iron deficiency anemia may include oral iron supplements, intravenous iron infusion, and red blood cell transfusion.
You can find more information on iron deficiency anemia, its symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options here.
Aplastic anemia is a rare and serious condition where insufficient blood cells are produced in the body. This causes the body to feel tired and may increase the risk of uncontrolled bleeding and infections.
Some risk factors associated with aplastic anemia include exposure to toxic chemicals, radiation or chemotherapy in cancer treatment, certain prescription drugs, pregnancy, and autoimmune disorders.
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The treatment for aplastic anemia depends on the age and severity of the patient’s condition. Treatment aims to restore blood cell production. It may resolve spontaneously without treatment if the condition is mild, although this is not very common. Patients are likely to need blood and platelet transfusions to prevent and control infections.
Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that affects the production of red blood cells. Abnormal blood production means that affected individuals do not make adequate amounts of functional red blood cells.
There are different types of thalassemia, the most common forms being alpha and beta thalassemia. Clinically, patients can present with thalassemia minor or thalassemia.
The symptoms of thalassemia can vary, with some people having no visible symptoms, while others develop symptoms later in adolescence. Some of the more common symptoms include:
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To diagnose thalassemia, our haematologists may recommend a complete blood count (CBC). More specific blood tests such as hemoglobin electrophoresis and red cell genotyping are needed to clarify the diagnosis of thalassemia and determine the subgroup of thalassemia.
Depending on the type of thalassemia you have been diagnosed with, the treatment options may vary – some types of thalassemia require no treatment. However, if you need treatment, our haematologists may recommend iron chelation, blood transfusions, bone marrow or blood stem cell transplants.
Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a blood condition in which a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a blood vessel located deep in the body, usually in the leg or arm. This results in a complete or partial blockage of blood flow through the vein, causing the affected limb to become painful, red and swollen.
Various risk factors increase your chance of developing deep vein thrombosis. These include prolonged bed rest or sitting for long periods, age, being overweight, smoking, cancer, heart failure, genetics, birth control pills, and pregnancy.
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Ultrasound is usually used to diagnose deep vein thrombosis. It allows our haematologists to check whether your blood is flowing normally through the veins.
The recommended treatment is an anticoagulant, a medication that will thin the blood and prevent the clot from getting bigger and stopping it from breaking off and causing a pulmonary embolism. The blood clot will naturally dissolve in your body over time.
Pulmonary embolism refers to a condition where a blood clot (thrombus) lodges itself in a blood vessel in the lung. PE usually starts as a clot in the deep veins (also called deep vein thrombosis or DVT) in the leg that breaks off and flows to the lungs. This can be a life-threatening condition if not treated quickly.
Some common symptoms of pulmonary embolism include difficulty breathing, coughing up blood, and pain in the chest or upper back.
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The most common risk factors for pulmonary embolism include hereditary conditions (blood clotting disorders), being immobile for long periods, and having a history of cancer or chemotherapy.
Our hematologists may order specific blood tests (including a test called D-dimer), ECG, pulmonary angiogram, chest x-ray, and other diagnostic tests to diagnose pulmonary embolism.
Depending on the patient’s overall health, different treatment options may be recommended for pulmonary embolism. These include anticoagulation medications, compression stockings, and thrombolytic therapy.
You can find more information on pulmonary embolism, its treatment options, and the potential risks and side effects of contraceptive medications here .
Types Of White Blood Cells: What The Numbers May Mean
Immune Thrombocytopenia is an autoimmune disorder that causes a low platelet count, leading to abnormal bleeding and bruising.
Patients with Immune Thrombocytopenia who have a platelet count higher than 50 may not show any symptoms of the disease. The low platelet count is usually detected during a routine blood test in these cases. People with very low platelet counts may experience symptoms such as petechiae (pin-shaped rash), rashes, purpura (purple colored spots on the skin), bleeding from the nose and gums, heavy menstrual periods and fatigue.
Some risk factors for immune thrombocytopenia include sex, which has been found to be more common in women, and diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
Patients with Immune Thrombocytopenia who have a platelet count higher than 50 may not show any symptoms of the disease. The low platelet count is usually detected during a routine blood test in these cases.
What Type Of Cancer Causes Low Hemoglobin
Patients with mild ITP usually do not require any active treatment. However, their platelet count should be monitored regularly. Treatment of ITP aims to raise the number of platelets and suppress the body’s immune system to reduce platelet destruction.
First-line treatments for ITP include steroids, such as prednisolone, and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). These help by dampening the immune response and preventing the destruction of platelets.
Von Willebrand disease (vWD) is one of the most common bleeding disorders caused by low levels or improper functioning of von Willebrand factor (vWF) in the blood.
Symptoms of vWD can be too mild to notice or very severe and frequent. Symptoms can start at any age and may include lumpy bruises, blood in the urine and stools, and long-term bleeding. In addition, patients with vWD may experience anemia-like symptoms, such as weakness and fatigue.
Tuesday Q And A: Numerous Conditions Can Lead To Low White Blood Cell Count
To diagnose von Willebrand Disease, our hematologists may ask about your family history. In addition, our doctor will check for unusual bruising and run blood tests to determine how your blood clots.
Currently, there is no cure for vWD. However, the condition can be controlled using other medications and therapies such as antifibrinolytic agents, Desmopressin, and replacement therapies.
Hereditary red cell disorders are genetically determined disorders. Two common types of inherited red cell disorders are sickle cell disease and thalassemia. .
Thalassemia is caused by a genetic mutation, and these mutations block the normal production of hemoglobin in the body. As mentioned, without enough hemoglobin, oxygen cannot be carried to the rest of the body. Without enough oxygen, your organs will not be able to function well. This can lead to conditions such as an enlarged spleen, heart issues, bone deformities, and developmental and growth delays in children. .
What Cancer Types Cause Low Hemoglobin?
Treatment for thalassemia is usually blood transfusions and folic acid supplements. A stem
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