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Where Is The Bladder Located In The Female Body Diagram

Where Is The Bladder Located In The Female Body Diagram

Interstitial cystitis (IC)/bladder pain syndrome (BPS) is a chronic bladder health issue. There is a feeling of pain and pressure in the bladder area. Along with the pain are symptoms of the lower urinary tract that have lasted more than 6 weeks, without an infection or other obvious reasons.

Anatomy Of Male And Female Urinary Bladder, With Labels Poster Print By Alan Gesek/stocktrek Images

Symptoms range from mild to severe. For some patients the symptoms may come and go, and for others they do not go away. IC/BPS is not an infection, but it can feel like a bladder infection. Women with IC/BPS may feel pain when they have sex. The more severe cases of IC/BPS can affect your life and that of your loved ones. Some people with IC/BPS have other health issues such as irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and other pain syndromes.

The bladder and kidneys are part of the urinary system, the organs in our bodies that make, store and pass urine. You have 2 kidneys that make urine. Then urine is stored in the bladder. The muscles in the lower part of your abdomen hold your bladder in place.

The bladder and kidneys are part of the urinary system. These organs make, store and pass urine. The kidneys make urine and move it into the balloon-shaped bladder. The bladder stores urine until you are ready to release it. If your bladder is working normally, you can hold urine for some time.

The bladder is relaxed when it is not full. It is held in place by pelvic muscles in the lower part of your abdomen. Nerve signals to your brain let you know when it’s full and give you the feeling that you need to urinate. Brain signals then tell the bladder muscles to squeeze (contract). This forces the urine out through your urethra (the tube that carries urine from your body). Sphincter muscles in the urethra remain closed to keep urine from leaking out. When you are ready to go to the bathroom, the sphincter muscles in the urethra relax and open. You should not feel pain during the urinary process.

What Is Interstitial Cystitis(ic)/bladder Pain Syndrome?

Interstitial cystitis (IC) or bladder pain syndrome (BPS) or IC/BPS is an issue of long-term bladder pain. It may feel like a bladder or urinary tract infection, but it’s not. It is a feeling of discomfort and pressure in the bladder area that lasts for six weeks or more without infection or other obvious reason. There may also be lower urinary tract symptoms like a regular, urgent need to pass urine. If you or a loved one has IC/BPS, it is of great value to learn how to control symptoms and relieve pain.

You don’t have to feel pain to have IC/BPS. Some patients only describe a deep pressure in the bladder.

For some, IC/BPS symptoms come and go and can be quite severe. For others, they persist. Some people with IC/BPS also have irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and other problems. Symptoms can make everyday life very difficult. These are the most common symptoms:

Where Is The Bladder Located In The Female Body Diagram

Pain (often with pressure) may be constant or may come and go. The pain can get worse as the bladder fills. Some patients feel discomfort in other areas, such as the urethra, lower abdomen or lower back. Women may feel pain in the vulva or vagina. Men may feel pain in the scrotum, testicle, penis or rectal area. Both women and men with IC/BPS can have sexual problems as a result. Sex for women is painful because the bladder is right in front of the vagina. A man may have pain a day after an orgasm.

Bladder Basics: How The Bladder Works

IC/BPS sometimes starts with urinary frequency. The average person goes through their bowels seven times a day and doesn’t have to get up more than once at night to use the bathroom. Frequency is the need to pass urine more often than the average person during the day and night.

Some IC/BPS patients have a constant urge to pass urine, even right after urinating. A patient may not notice this as a problem because it develops gradually. In other cases, the sense of urgency is much more dramatic, with symptoms appearing within days. It is uncommon to experience urine leaks with IC/BPS. If you’re leaking urine, it could be a sign of another problem.

IC/BPS symptoms can get in the way of your social life, work life, exercise and sleep. IC/BPS can affect your relationship with your spouse, family and friends. Without treatment, IC/BPS symptoms make it difficult to get through your day. It’s hard to feel comfortable. Too little sleep from IC/BPS symptoms can leave you tired and unhappy. For some people with IC/BPS, eating can be a problem. Sometimes symptoms get worse after a meal. It may also make you avoid intimacy because of the pain you may experience during or after sex. In general, this condition can cause a lot of distress.

There is no proof that stress causes IC/BPS. However, it is known that physical or mental stress can make IC/BPS symptoms worse.

Anatomy Male Female Urinary Bladder Hi Res Stock Photography And Images

Having a family member with the condition may increase your chance of getting it. Some people may be more likely to get IC/BPS after an injury to the bladder, such as an infection.

Unfortunately, there is no medical test that says a person does or does not have IC/BPS. To make a diagnosis, your doctor will determine whether or not your symptoms are typical of IC/BPS. Then, they need to rule out other health issues, like an infection, that could be causing the same symptoms.

When diagnosed, IC/BPS is typically found to affect women two to three times more often than men. Data have shown that the risk of IC/BPS increases with age. As many as 3-8 million women and 1-4 million men in the United States may have IC/BPS. However, these numbers may not tell the true rate of disease because IC/BPS is often misdiagnosed in men and women. IC/BPS in men is often mistaken for another disorder, such as chronic prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome. In women in their early twenties, IC/BPS is also often misdiagnosed.

Where Is The Bladder Located In The Female Body Diagram

In women, your doctor will want to examine your abdomen, organs in your pelvis and your rectum. In men, a physical exam will include your abdomen, prostate, and rectum. Your doctor may do a neurological exam. Patients with IC/BPS may have other mental health and/or anxiety problems that can affect their condition.

Endometriosis And The Urinary Tract

Since pain is the number one symptom, your doctor will perform tests and ask you questions to learn your baseline pain value. The goal is to find pain location(s), intensity and characteristics and to learn what makes your pain better or worse. Your doctor will also ask how often you pass urine, which can lead to a different diagnosis.

If a patient has the typical symptoms of IC/BPS and a urine exam shows no infection or blood, IC/BPS should be suspected.

A urodynamic test involves filling and emptying the bladder with water through two small catheters (tubes used to fill and drain fluid from the body). This measures bladder pressures as the bladder fills and empties. In patients with IC/BPS, bladders are sometimes small in capacity and may be painful when filling.

Using a special camera, your doctor looks inside the bladder. This test can rule out other problems such as cancer. The doctor can see ulcers (sores) through the cystoscope in some patients with IC/BPS. If a person has symptoms of IC/BPS and cystoscopy shows ulcers, the diagnosis is fairly certain. Cystoscopy can be performed in the operating room. So, if bladder stones, tumors or ulcers are seen during cystoscopy, the doctor can take care of them right away. This test often includes a biopsy, which is when a small tissue sample is removed for diagnosis.

File:urinary System (female).png

No one treatment works for all people. Treatment must be chosen and adjusted for everyone based on symptoms. The goal of treatment is to control your symptoms. A combination of lifestyle changes and medical options are tried until relief is found.

Most people can find ways to feel better, but it can take time. It may take weeks to months before symptoms improve.

IC/BPS treatment is often directed at the most bothersome symptoms and sometimes multiple treatments will need to be combined to get relief. It is of great value to talk to your doctor about how your treatment is working. Together, you will find your best options. Even with successful treatment, IC/BPS may not be cured but may be in remission. Sticking with your treatment plan (even without symptoms) is usually recommended.

Where Is The Bladder Located In The Female Body Diagram

Lifestyle changes, known as “behavioral therapy,” are tried first. In behavioral therapy, you change the way you live day to day. This may include things you eat or drink or practicing methods that may control symptoms. You could not get

Cystitis, Urinary Tract Infection Or Inflammation Of The Bladder, Female Anatomy 3d Illustration White Background Stock Illustration

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