Where Is Kidney Found In The Body – “Measuring the size of a fist and located in the lower back, the kidneys are a hive of activity. Find out more about what the kidneys do and what is kidney disease? What do the kidneys do and what is kidney disease?

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located in the lower back. Each kidney is about the size of a fist and weighs about 4-6 oz. Inside the kidneys are small structural and functional units called nephrons that filter the blood.

Where Is Kidney Found In The Body

Where Is Kidney Found In The Body

Kidney failure can be described as a loss in the kidney’s ability to filter (remove) waste products from your blood. Kidney failure can happen quickly, caused for example by a sudden loss of large amounts of blood, or an accident and this is called acute kidney injury. Acute kidney injury is usually short-lived, but occasionally it can lead to permanent kidney damage. It can also be shortened to KIA.

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More often, kidney function deteriorates over several years and this is called chronic kidney failure or chronic kidney disease (often abbreviated as CKD). The National Kidney Foundation states that up to two-thirds of CKD is caused by uncontrolled diabetes or high blood pressure. (hypertension). CKD is usually not reversible, but if detected early, progression can be delayed through medication, diet and lifestyle changes while maintaining current kidney function.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is defined as the presence of kidney damage, or a reduced level of kidney function, for a period of three months or more.

The Irish Society of Nephrology currently recommends classifying Chronic Kidney Disease into five stages based on an estimated measure of glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).

Sometimes CKD can lead to end-stage kidney disease, (eFGR)(ESKD) which requires dialysis or a transplant to keep you alive. However, as the Irish Society of Nephrology (INS) states, ‘

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The vast majority of patients with mild to moderate CKD will not require dialysis and can be managed in primary care.

Early detection and treatment can help prevent ESKD and the need for dialysis or transplant treatment. The kidney diet is one of the mainstays of CKD treatment and helps with the goal of delaying progression. The kidney diet is also essential for maintaining quality of life and functional capacity in people with kidney disease. The type of renal diet required is individualized to the stage of kidney disease (based on eGFR), other diseases present (co-morbidities), the person’s age, weight and social situation. Some examples of important kidney diet changes in the early stages of CKD are “No added salt”, “Weight reduction” (if overweight) and “Moderate protein intake”. A kidney (renal) dietitian can assess your dietary needs and advise on a kidney (renal) diet.

Chronic kidney disease includes conditions that damage your kidneys and reduce their ability to keep you healthy by doing the jobs listed. If kidney disease worsens, the waste can build up to high levels in your blood and make you feel sick. You may develop complications such as high blood pressure, anemia (low blood count), weak bones, poor nutritional health, and nerve damage. it is sometimes called the silent disease because there are often no warning signs. Some signs of CKD are:

Where Is Kidney Found In The Body

You will often not know if you have CKD as you may not experience any symptoms, however screening is based on simple urine and blood tests that your doctor can easily perform. If you have high blood pressure or diabetes or are obese, an annual checkup with your doctor should be considered.

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You remember! Early detection of CKD can allow you to delay progression through diet and lifestyle changes and medication. The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located just below the ribcage, one on each side of the spine.

Healthy kidneys filter about half a cup of blood every minute, removing waste and extra water to make urine. Urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder through two thin muscle tubes called ureters, one on each side of your bladder. Your bladder stores urine. The kidneys, ureters and bladder are part of the urinary tract.

Your kidneys remove waste and extra fluid from your body. Your kidneys also remove acid that is produced by your body’s cells and maintain a healthy balance of water, salts and minerals – such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus and potassium – in your blood.

Each of your kidneys is made up of about a million filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron includes a filter, called a glomerulus, and a tubule. Nephrons work through a two-step process: the glomerulus filters your blood, and the tubule returns needed substances to your blood and removes waste.

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Each nephron has a glomerulus to filter your blood and a tubule to return needed substances to your blood and remove extra waste. Waste and extra water become urine.

As blood flows into each nephron, it enters a group of small blood vessels – the glomerulus. The thin walls of the glomerulus allow smaller molecules, wastes, and fluids—mainly water—to pass into the tubule. Larger molecules, such as proteins and blood cells, reside in blood vessels.

A blood vessel runs along the tube. As the filtered fluid moves along the tube, the blood vessel reabsorbs almost all of the water, along with the minerals and nutrients your body needs. The tubule helps remove excess acid from the blood. The remaining fluid and waste in the tubule becomes urine.

Where Is Kidney Found In The Body

Blood flows to your kidney through the renal artery. This large blood vessel branches into smaller and smaller blood vessels until the blood reaches the nephrons. In the nephron, your blood is filtered by the small blood vessels of the glomeruli and then flows out of your kidney through the renal vein.

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Your blood circulates through your kidneys many times a day. In a single day, your kidneys filter about 150 liters of blood. Most of the water and other substances that filter through your glomeruli are returned to the blood by the tubules. Only 1 to 2 liters become urine. Children produce less urine than adults and the amount produced depends on their age.

Unfiltered blood flows into your kidneys through your renal artery, and filtered blood exits through your renal vein. The ureter carries urine from the kidney to your bladder.

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases () and other components of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct and support research on many diseases and conditions.

Clinical trials are part of clinical research and at the heart of all medical advances. Clinical trials look at new ways to prevent, detect or treat disease. Researchers also use clinical trials to look at other aspects of care, such as improving quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. Find out if clinical trials are right for you.

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This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (), part of the National Institutes of Health. translates and disseminates research findings to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals and the public. The content produced by has been carefully reviewed by scientists and other experts. Most people have two kidneys, organs that sit in the back of the abdomen. The main function of the kidneys is to filter the blood. They also remove waste and balance your body fluids. Common kidney conditions include kidney disease, kidney infections, and kidney cysts.

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that filter your blood. Your kidneys are part of your urinary system.

Your kidneys filter about 200 liters of fluid each day – enough to fill a large bathtub. During this process, your kidneys remove waste, which leaves your body as urine (urine). Most people urinate about two liters a day. Your body reuses another 198 liters of fluid.

Where Is Kidney Found In The Body

Your kidneys also help balance your body’s fluids (mainly water) and electrolytes. Electrolytes are essential minerals that include sodium and potassium.

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People with diabetes or high blood pressure have the highest risk of kidney problems. Accidents or trauma can also damage your kidneys, such as car accidents or sports injuries.

Your kidneys have many important functions. They clean toxins and waste from your blood. Common wastes include nitrogenous wastes (urea), muscle wastes (creatinine), and acids. They help your body get rid of these substances. Your kidneys filter about half a cup of blood every minute.

An adrenal gland sits on top of each kidney. It produces hormones, including cortisol, which help your body respond to stress.

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You can live with only one kidney. Health care providers may remove one of your kidneys in a radical nephrotic syndrome.

Your kidneys sit just below your ribcage and behind your abdomen. Typically, one kidney sits on either side of the spine. Your kidneys sit between your intestines and diaphragm. A ureter connects each kidney to your bladder.

The renal capsule consists of three layers of connective tissue or fat that cover your kidneys. It protects your kidneys from damage, increases their stability, and connects your kidneys to surrounding tissue.

Where Is Kidney Found In The Body

The renal artery is a large blood vessel

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