Where Are You Kidneys Located In Your Body

Where Are You Kidneys Located In Your Body – The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each the size of a fist They are located under the ribs on either side of your spine

Healthy kidneys filter about half a cup of blood per minute, removing waste products and excess water for urination. Urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder through two thin tubes called the ureters, one on each side of your bladder. Your bladder stores urine Your kidneys, ureters, and bladder are part of your urinary tract

Where Are You Kidneys Located In Your Body

Where Are You Kidneys Located In Your Body

Your kidneys remove waste products and excess fluids from your body Your kidneys also remove acids produced by your body’s cells and maintain a healthy balance of water, salts, and minerals in your blood, such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium.

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Each of your kidneys is made up of about a million filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron contains a filter called a glomerulus and a tubule The nephron works through a two-step process: the glomerulus filters your blood, and the tubules return nutrients to your blood and remove waste products.

Each nephron has a glomerulus to filter your blood and a tubule that returns nutrients to your blood and removes excess waste. Waste and excess water are excreted in the urine

As blood flows into each nephron, it enters a cluster of tiny blood vessels – the glomerulus. The thin walls of the glomeruli allow small molecules, wastes, and fluids—mainly water—to pass into the tubules. Larger molecules such as proteins and blood cells reside in the blood vessels

A blood vessel runs next to the tubule As the filter fluid moves along the tubules, the blood vessels reabsorb almost all of the water, along with the minerals and nutrients your body needs. The tubules help remove excess acid from the blood The remaining fluid and waste in the tubules is excreted as urine

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Blood flows to your kidneys through the renal arteries These large blood vessels branch into smaller and smaller blood vessels until the blood reaches the nephron. In the nephrons, your blood is filtered by the tiny blood vessels of the glomeruli and then exits your kidneys through the renal veins.

Your blood flows through your kidneys several times a day In a day, your kidneys filter about 150 quarts of blood Most of the water and other substances that filter through your glomeruli are returned to your blood by the tubules. Only 1 to 2 quarts of urine is passed Children produce less urine than adults and the amount produced depends on their age

Unfiltered blood flows to your kidneys through the renal arteries and filtered blood exits through your renal veins. The ureters carry urine from the kidneys to your bladder

Where Are You Kidneys Located In Your Body

The National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases () and other components of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct and support research on many diseases and conditions.

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This content is provided as a service of the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health. Translates and disseminates research findings to increase knowledge and understanding of health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. Produced content is carefully reviewed by scientists and other experts Home Games & Quizzes History & Sociology Science & Tech Biography Animals & Nature Geography & Travel Arts & Culture Money Videos

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James Scott Robeson Emeritus Professor of Medicine, University of Edinburgh; Consultant Physician, Edinburgh Royal Infirmary Author of several articles on acid-base and electrolyte metabolism and renal disorders.

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G.A.G. Mitchell Professor of Anatomy; Director, Anatomical Laboratory, Victoria University of Manchester, 1946–74. Author of Anatomy of the Autonomic Nervous System and others

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The renal system, in humans, is the organ system that includes the kidneys, where urine is produced, and the ureters, bladder, and urethra for the movement, storage, and voiding of urine.

Where Are You Kidneys Located In Your Body

In many respects, the human excretory, or urinary, system is similar to that of other mammalian species, but it has its own structural and functional characteristics. Terms

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Emphasize the deletion function of the system The kidneys, both secretively and actively, store substances in the body that are vital to survival that are eliminated.

This system consists of two kidneys, which regulate the electrolyte composition of the blood and remove liquid wastes and excess substances from the blood; The latter are excreted in urine, which travels from the kidneys to the bladder through two thin muscular tubes called the ureters. The bladder is a sac that holds urine until it leaves the urethra

Kidneys are bean-shaped, reddish-brown paired organs, concave on one long side and exposed on the opposite side. They are usually located in the abdominal cavity and high on its posterior wall, on either side of the vertebral column between the levels of the 12th thoracic and third lumbar vertebrae, and outside the peritoneum, the membrane lining the abdomen.

The long axes of the kidneys are parallel to the body, but the top end of each kidney (pole) is slightly inward toward the back (vertebral column). Located in the middle of the medial concave border is a deep vertical groove, the hilus, that leads into a cavity within the kidney known as the renal (kidney) sinus. The hilus is the entrance and exit of the renal artery and vein, lymphatic vessels, nerves, and the enlarged superior extension of the ureter. Most people have two kidneys, organs that sit in the back of your abdomen The primary function of your kidneys is to filter your blood They also remove waste and balance your body fluids Common kidney conditions include kidney disease, kidney infection, and kidney cysts

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Your kidneys filter all of your blood through the clock at once – keeping what you need and getting rid of the rest

Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs that filter your blood Your kidneys are part of your urinary system

Your kidneys filter about 200 quarts of fluid each day—enough to fill a large bathtub. During this process, your kidneys remove waste products, which leave your body as urine (pee). Most people watch about two quarters daily Your body recycles another 198 quarts of fluid

Where Are You Kidneys Located In Your Body

Your kidneys also help balance your body’s fluids (mostly water) and electrolytes. Electrolytes are essential minerals that include sodium and potassium.

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People with diabetes or high blood pressure are at higher risk of developing kidney problems Accidents or injuries can also damage your kidneys, such as car accidents or sports injuries

Your kidneys have many important functions They clean toxins and remove waste from your blood Common waste products include nitrogenous waste (urea), muscle waste (creatinine), and acid. They help your body excrete these substances Your kidneys filter about half a cup of blood every minute

An adrenal gland sits above each kidney It produces hormones, including cortisol, that help your body deal with stress

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You can live with only one kidney Healthcare providers may remove one of your kidneys in a radical nephrectomy.

Your kidneys sit under your ribs and behind your stomach Normally, one kidney sits on either side of your spine Your kidneys are located between your intestines and diaphragm A ureter connects each kidney to your bladder

The renal capsule contains three layers of connective tissue, or fat, that cover your kidneys. It protects your kidneys from injury, increases their stability, and connects your kidneys to surrounding tissue.

Where Are You Kidneys Located In Your Body

The renal artery is a large blood vessel that controls blood flow to the kidneys For most people at rest, the kidneys pump about 5 cups (1.2 liters) of blood to your kidneys every minute.

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The outer layer of your kidney, where the nephron (blood filtering unit) begins. The renal cortex also produces the hormone erythropoietin (EPO), which helps your bone marrow make red blood cells.

The renal medulla is the inner part of your kidneys It contains most of the nephrons along with their glomeruli and renal tubules The renal tubules carry urine to the ureter

These pyramid-shaped structures transport urine to the urethra Dehydration and certain medications—especially nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)—can damage your renal papilla.

This funnel-shaped structure collects urine and

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