What Would Cause Your Blood Pressure To Be Low – High blood pressure, or hypertension, is often called “the silent killer” and for good reason. There are no obvious symptoms, so if you have it, you probably won’t even know unless you get checked. This is not to say that it is harmless – on the contrary. Hypertension can wreak havoc on the body slowly over years and is a major risk factor for a number of serious medical conditions.
According to the Heart and Stroke Foundation, nearly one in five Canadians has high blood pressure, but only 66% of those people have it under control, and 17% don’t even know they have it. It is important to get checked, especially if you are elderly, overweight or sedentary. By learning about the dangers it can cause and the unhealthy choices that can make it worse, the risk of hypertension can be mitigated and controlled.
- 1 What Would Cause Your Blood Pressure To Be Low
- 2 Low Blood Pressure (hypotension): Causes & Symptoms
- 3 What Causes High Blood Pressure?
- 4 How Low Blood Pressure Is Diagnosed
- 5 High Blood Pressure Social Media Resources
- 6 Things To Know About High Blood Pressure > News > Yale Medicine
- 7 Diastole Vs. Systole: What Is The Difference?
What Would Cause Your Blood Pressure To Be Low
Many risk factors for hypertension are caused by lifestyle choices. Some of these factors include lack of physical activity, a diet high in fat and sodium, and being overweight or obese. These all contribute to a weak heart and high cholesterol, which increases blood pressure and narrows the arteries. Other choices such as smoking and alcohol consumption have also been shown to be associated with high blood pressure. High stress levels can also contribute.
Low Blood Pressure (hypotension): Causes & Symptoms
Some other causes of high blood pressure are beyond the individual’s control. Hypertension becomes more common with age, so older adults are at greater risk. Those with a family history of high blood pressure are also at greater risk of developing it themselves. In addition, blood pressure levels vary by race and ethnicity.
Hypertension is a major risk factor for these serious medical conditions if left untreated. But with correct lifestyle choices, blood pressure can be lowered and kept at a healthy level. For most people, a healthy blood pressure should be a systolic pressure below 120 and a diastolic pressure below 80. If you don’t know what your blood pressure is, you should get checked, especially if your lifestyle or genetics put you at risk.
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What Causes High Blood Pressure?
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If you have high blood pressure or are at risk of developing it, there are lifestyle choices you can make to help lower it.
How Low Blood Pressure Is Diagnosed
Exercise is important for people of all ages, but it is especially important for older adults. Here are 6 ways it can help you live longer and healthier.
By eating a proper diet, exercising regularly, and regularly monitoring blood sugar levels, people affected by diabetes can keep their levels within an acceptable target range. Hypertension, the medical term for high blood pressure, is known as “the silent killer.” More than 80 million Americans (33%) have high blood pressure, and as many as 16 million of them don’t even know they have the condition. If left untreated, high blood pressure greatly increases your risk of heart attack and stroke. Hypertension is expected to increase by about 8 percent between 2013 and 2030.
Your heart pumps blood through a network of arteries, veins and capillaries. The moving blood pushes against the artery walls, and this force is measured as blood pressure.
High blood pressure is caused by the narrowing of very small arteries called arterioles. Arterioles regulate the flow of blood through your body. As these arterioles tighten (or contract), your heart has to work harder to pump blood through the smaller space, and the pressure inside the vessels increases.
High Blood Pressure Social Media Resources
About 90% to 95% of all cases of high blood pressure are what is called primary or essential hypertension. This means that the actual cause of the high blood pressure is not known, but a number of factors contribute.
Researchers have also found a gene that appears to be linked to high blood pressure. If you have the gene, you are more likely to develop high blood pressure, so you should monitor your blood pressure and eliminate as many of the other risk factors as you can.
The remaining patients with high blood pressure have what is called secondary hypertension which means the high blood pressure is the result of another condition or disease. Many cases of secondary hypertension are caused by kidney disease. Other conditions that can cause secondary hypertension are
Most people who have high blood pressure do not have symptoms. In some cases, people with high blood pressure may have a pounding sensation in the head or chest, a feeling of lightheadedness or dizziness, or other signs. Without symptoms, people with high blood pressure can go years without knowing they have the condition.
Does High Blood Pressure Make You Tired, Sleepy?
A visit to your doctor is the only way to find out if you have high blood pressure. You should have a general medical checkup that includes a review of your family’s medical history. Your doctor will take several blood pressure readings using a device called a sphygmomanometer and run a few routine tests.
Your doctor may also use a device called an ophthalmoscope to look at the blood vessels in your eyes. Doctors can see if these vessels have thickened, narrowed or burst, which can be a sign of high blood pressure. Your doctor will also use a stethoscope to listen to your heart and the sound of blood flowing through your arteries. In some cases, a chest X-ray and an electrocardiogram may be necessary.
Blood pressure readings measure the two parts of blood pressure: systolic and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the force of blood flow through an artery when the heart beats. Diastolic pressure is the force of blood flow in the blood vessels when the heart is resting between beats.
A blood pressure reading measures both the systolic and diastolic forces, with the systolic pressure first. The numbers show your pressure in units of millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) – how high the pressure inside your arteries would be able to raise a column of mercury. For example, a reading of 120/80 mm Hg means a systolic pressure of 120 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure of 80 mm Hg.
Things To Know About High Blood Pressure > News > Yale Medicine
Most doctors do not make a definitive diagnosis of high blood pressure until they measure your blood pressure several times (at least 2 blood pressure readings on 3 different days). Some doctors ask their patients to wear a portable machine that measures their blood pressure over several days. This machine can help the doctor find out if a patient has true high blood pressure or what is known as “white coat hypertension”. White-coat hypertension is a condition in which a patient’s blood pressure rises during a visit to a doctor, when anxiety and stress are likely to play a role.
Adults should have their blood pressure checked at least once a year. Many grocery stores or pharmacies have blood pressure machines that you can use for free every time you visit the stores. However, keep in mind that these machines may not give you an accurate reading.
Blood pressure monitors for home use can be bought in pharmacies, department stores and other places. Again, these monitors may not always give you an accurate reading. You should always compare your machine’s reading to a reading from your doctor’s machine to make sure they are the same. Remember, any reading above normal should prompt a visit to the doctor, who can then talk to you about the best course of action.
According to guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American College of Cardiology (ACC), a reading below 120/80 mm Hg is classified as normal blood pressure. Those with a blood pressure reading from 120/80 up to 129/80 are classified in a category called high blood pressure. Hypertension is defined as a reading of 130/80 or higher.
Diastole Vs. Systole: What Is The Difference?
The classification scheme is based on adults aged 18 and over who are not taking medication for high blood pressure and who are not acutely ill. If systolic and diastolic readings fall into different categories, the higher category should be used to classify the person’s blood pressure status.
Medicines are available if these changes do not help control your blood pressure within 3 to 6 months. Diuretics help rid your body of water and sodium. ACE inhibitors block the enzyme that raises your blood pressure. Other types of medication – beta blockers, calcium channel blockers and other vasodilators – work in different ways, but their overall effect is to help relax and widen your blood vessels and reduce the pressure inside the vessel.
Tags: blood pressure, blood pressure reading, diastolic pressure, essential hypertension, HBP, HTN, hypertension, primary hypertension, systolic blood pressure. Children’s Health Jan 24, 2018, 11:43:00 AM CST Jan 23, 2023, 4:24:14 PM CST High Blood
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