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Breast cancer is one of the biggest problems every woman faces in her life. Work…

What Is The Most Common Treatment For Breast Cancer

What Is The Most Common Treatment For Breast Cancer

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Radiation Therapy For Breast Cancer: Types & Side Effects

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What Is The Most Common Treatment For Breast Cancer

Do you think breast cancer is a sign of more beautiful breasts? If so, you may want to reconsider your wishes…Radiation therapy for breast cancer kills the cancer cells in the tumors. People who have breast cancer surgery may receive radiation therapy afterward to destroy any cancer cells that remain after surgery. Radiation therapy for breast cancer can cause both short-term and long-term side effects.

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Side effects from radiation therapy for breast cancer may last for weeks or months after you complete your treatment.

Radiation therapy for breast cancer uses high-energy X-rays to kill or damage cancer cells in your breast. Breast surgeons/oncologists (cancer specialists) often perform breast cancer surgery to remove tumors. Afterward, radiation oncologists administer radiation therapy to eliminate any remaining cancer. People with metastatic breast cancer may need this treatment to relieve breast cancer symptoms and symptoms from other parts of their body.

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There are different ways to receive radiation therapy. Your radiologist will choose the best method based on cancer location, type and other factors.

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Your first appointment is a planning session and an opportunity for your radiation oncology team to explain procedures and answer your questions. Then:

Knowing what to expect will help you plan and organize your personal activities such as work and other commitments.

The planning phase is also a simulation. During the scans, your radiation oncology team will use a computed tomography (CT) scanner to map the area of ​​your breast they want to treat. The simulation should take an hour or more.

What Is The Most Common Treatment For Breast Cancer

When you arrive for treatment, a member of the team will greet you and give you a medical gown to wear during your treatment. Next, then:

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Unlike some chemotherapy treatments, most people do not lose hair from their scalp during radiation therapy, but hair loss may occur.

Radiation therapy is an effective way to target breast cancer cells without damaging nearby tissues. Research shows that breast cancer is less likely to come back (recur) in people with advanced stage breast cancer who have radiation therapy after surgery. According to the American Society of Clinical Oncology, less than 5% of people have breast cancer 10 years after surgery and radiation therapy.

Radiation therapy can make your skin very tender, painful, and painful. Your appetite may be affected and you may feel very tired. Here are some ideas to help you through the treatment:

It depends on your situation. You may feel better when you first start treatment and notice that you have less energy and fatigue as treatment continues.

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Radiation therapy for breast cancer is a common and effective treatment for early stage breast cancer. It can also help with the symptoms of metastatic breast cancer. Studies show that this treatment keeps breast cancer from coming back. Treatment can have both short-term and long-term side effects. If you have breast cancer, talk to your healthcare provider about radiation therapy. They will be happy to explain the treatment and how it fits into your plan for beating breast cancer. Breast cancer researchers at UCLA have saved thousands of lives by developing groundbreaking treatments and establishing a new paradigm for cancer research.

According to the National Cancer Institute, cancer cells cause genetic changes in one of the body’s normal cells, causing these cells to grow and replicate.

Dr. Richard S. Finn, a professor of medicine at the UCLA Geffen School of Medicine and co-director of the Signal Transduction and Therapeutics Program at the Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center at UCLA, said that cancer before treatment through chemotherapy.

What Is The Most Common Treatment For Breast Cancer

“(Chemotherapy treatments) are just chemicals,” Finn said. “Poisonous substances… kill cancer cells. They kill normal cells and are therefore toxic.

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Now, thanks to the development of molecular therapies from researchers like Finn and his colleagues, non-toxic chemotherapy treatments are no longer the only options for cancer patients.

“The biggest paradigm shift that is changing how we do medical oncology today compared to 20 or 30 years ago is the impact of chemotherapy and drugs that target tumor biology,” said Finn.

Dr. Dennis Slamon, director of Clinical and Translational Research at UCLA Health, helped pioneer molecular medicine by developing the breast cancer drug Herceptin, which he said has been administered to more than three and a half million will save thousands of lives.

Slamon said Herceptin was designed to target the pathology of a type of breast cancer known as HER-2-positive breast cancer, which is caused by an abnormal mutation in the gene that controls the normal growth of cells in the breast tissue.

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According to Slamon, the HER-2 gene codes for a type of protein called a growth factor receptor, which sits on the surface of cells like antennae and transmits growth signals from the environment. external to the nucleus of the cell.

Slamon said that all human cells have one copy of the HER-2 gene, while breast cells are shown to produce up to 50,000 copies of the HER-2 protein that resides on the cell membrane.

However, in HER-2-positive cases, Slamon said the machinery that copies DNA during cell replication latches onto the HER-2 gene and produces extra copies, thereby more HER-2 proteins as a result.

What Is The Most Common Treatment For Breast Cancer

“When this situation occurs, it reaches more than one million, two, three million. So the twofold increase of the protein of this protein on the cell,” said and Slamon.

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Slamon also said that more copies of the growth factor receptor on the cell’s surface can interfere with natural growth factors, causing it to grow vigorously and form a tumor.

Slamon said that once he and his team identified the HER-2 protein, they set out to find ways to target it therapeutically. Although the part of the protein on the inner side of the cell membrane is not accessible, it was found that they can follow the outer part with antibodies.

According to the National Human Genome Research Institute, antibodies are proteins derived from the human immune system that can recognize and bind to specific identification structures on cell surfaces.

Slamon said his discovery that antibodies could be used to target HER-2 proteins led to the creation of Herceptin, an FDA-approved antibody for humans that kills HER-2-positive cells. on both sides.

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“That antibody covers that antenna and can disrupt the signaling process so that the growth signal doesn’t signal,” Slamon said. “Furthermore, the more it’s on a cell, the more antibodies it attaches to. It will identify that cell for the immune system, some of the cells of the immune system, come in and attack the cell.”

Finn said Herceptin not only saved thousands of lives but also led the field of cancer research to develop other targeted therapies.

“What we’ve done is try something like a targeted cancer drug, as opposed to throwing in a non-specific bomb and hoping to kill the bad cells more than the good cells,” said Slamon. “We’re going to find out what’s going on inside the cell, inside the cancer cell, and see if we can come up with a drug that targets that.”

What Is The Most Common Treatment For Breast Cancer

Eric Bilotta, a UCLA student who studies drug resistance in cancer cells at Scripps Research in San Diego, said cancer drugs are the next step in cancer research.

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“You do chemotherapy that only targets the fast-growing cells. … There are a lot of secondary issues that arise with chemotherapy,” Bilotta said. “But if you can do a treatment that’s right in the right place and targets the cells in the right way, then you can target the cancer and kill it.”

Bilotta said that future cancer treatments will not only affect the type of cancer a patient has but the patients themselves. Sometimes, a drug that kills one patient’s cancer may cause another patient to grow it.

“There it is

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