What Is Cancer Of The Bile Duct Called – Bile ducts are a rare disease in which malignant () cells form in the bile ducts. Bile ducts are also called cholangiocarcinoma.

A network of tubes called ducts connects the liver, gallbladder, and small intestine. This network begins in the liver, where many small ducts collect bile (a fluid produced by the liver to break down fats during digestion). The small ducts unite to form the right and left hepatic ducts, which exit the liver. The two ducts join outside the liver to form the common hepatic duct. The cystic duct connects the gallbladder to the common hepatic duct. Bile from the liver passes through the hepatic ducts, common hepatic duct, and cystic duct and collects in the gallbladder.

What Is Cancer Of The Bile Duct Called

What Is Cancer Of The Bile Duct Called

When food is digested, bile stored in the gallbladder is released and flows through the cystic duct into the common bile duct and into the small intestine.

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These and other signs and symptoms can be caused by the bile duct or other conditions. Talk to your doctor if you have any of the following symptoms:

There are no routine screening tests to check for bile duct disease before signs and symptoms develop. To learn more about the tests that are used to diagnose the bile duct, see Diagnostics of bile ducts. One of the many functions of the liver is the production and transfer of bile. Bile is a fluid needed to break down food during the digestive process. The small tubes that carry bile from the liver to the gallbladder to the intestine are “ducts.” Bile duct cancer (cholangiocarcinoma) is the formation of malignant (cancerous) tumors in these tubes or ducts.

Bile duct cancers are characterized by their location in the system: proximal within the liver and distal outside the liver. There are two types of bile duct cancer, intrahepatic bile duct cancer and extrahepatic bile duct cancer.

A risk factor is anything that can cause a disease. Having risk factors does not mean you will get the disease. Also, if you don’t have known risk factors, it doesn’t mean you can’t get the disease. Most gallbladder cancers occur without any specific risk. However, known risk factors may include:

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It is important to consult your doctor if you have a specific risk factor or a family history of such risks.

Tests and procedures to detect, diagnose, and stage bile duct cancer are usually done at the same time. Staging is a process used to find out if cancer cells have spread in and around the bile ducts to lymph nodes or distant parts of the body.

There are certain factors to consider when discussing treatment options. These include the location of the cancer, whether it has spread to other organs, whether the cancer can be completely removed surgically, and other health challenges.

What Is Cancer Of The Bile Duct Called

Learn how the Liver Cancer Program at the National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute Cancer Research Center, can help all liver cancer patients. This video features Tim Greten, MD, co-director of the NCI CCR Liver Cancer Program, who provides information on clinical trials, liver cancer treatment, and patient advice.

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Clinical trials are scientific studies that test how new medical techniques work in people. In order for an experimental cholangiocarcinoma treatment to be tested in humans in a clinical trial, it must first prove useful in laboratory or animal studies. Only the most promising treatments are then advanced to clinical trials to identify new ways to safely and effectively prevent, investigate, diagnose, or treat disease.

These websites provide information about clinical trials. Always check with your doctor before signing up for a clinical trial:

Watch a panel of liver cancer specialists from Memorial Sloan Kettering in a 1-hour webinar on new and emerging liver cancer treatments. You will gain a better understanding of how these treatments work and which patients may benefit from which therapy. Learn about strategies to help manage treatment-related side effects. Learn how to be an advocate for better care and support resources. Your bile ducts are tubes that carry bile from your liver and gallbladder to your small intestines. Bile is a liquid produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It helps your body break down fatty acids.

Bile duct cancer, or cholangiocarcinoma, is a rare type of cancer that forms in these tubes. This amounts to approx

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Against gastrointestinal cancer. Because your bile ducts are deep in your body and there are no reliable screening tests, bile duct cancer is usually not detected until it has grown enough to cause symptoms.

Doctors divide bile duct cancer into stages based on how far it has grown and whether it has spread to other tissues or lymph nodes. Read on to learn more about how doctors diagnose bile duct cancer.

This staging system divides bile duct cancer into stages 0 to 4, with higher numbers corresponding to more advanced cancer, based on the results of:

What Is Cancer Of The Bile Duct Called

By knowing where your cancer is and what stage it is, doctors can develop the best treatment plan and predict your chances of survival.

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Anatomy of the bile ducts, liver, pancreas, and duodenum showing the locations of bile duct, intrahepatic, and extrahepatic cancers. Illustration by Sophia Smith

T1. Cancer has spread to deeper layers of your bile ducts, such as the muscle or connective tissue.

T3. The tumor has grown into your portal vein or hepatic artery, the main blood vessels in your liver.

T4. The cancer is growing into your portal vein or common hepatic artery OR branches of these vessels on the left and right OR other bile ducts on the left or right and a major blood vessel on the other side.

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M1. The cancer has spread to distant organs, such as other parts of the liver, lungs, or bones.

M1. The cancer has spread to distant organs, such as the lining of the abdomen, lungs, or liver.

A resectable cancer is a tumor that can be removed surgically. Inoperable cancers are those that cannot be removed surgically because they have spread too far or are in a difficult-to-reach location. Most bile duct cancers cannot be removed once they are found and diagnosed.

What Is Cancer Of The Bile Duct Called

Unfortunately, only a small number of bile duct cancers are detected in the early stages. Your bile ducts are deep inside your body. Tumors cannot be felt and there are no reliable screening tests. By the time symptoms appear, the tumor has usually progressed further than can be surgically removed.

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These symptoms can have many different causes unrelated to gallbladder cancer. However, it is important to see your doctor if you have any of these warning signs for no apparent reason.

When diagnosed in the early stages, but drops to 2 percent if the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body.

Doctors commonly use the AJCC TNM system to diagnose bile duct cancer. This system classifies bile duct cancer differently depending on where the cancer develops in your bile ducts.

Knowing how far your cancer has progressed can help you and your medical team develop the best treatment plan together.

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Our experts are constantly monitoring the health and wellness space, and we update our articles as new information becomes available.Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA), or bile duct cancer, is a primary liver cancer that begins in the inner lining of the bile ducts; it is a network of tubes that carries bile from the liver to the intestines. Depending on where in the bile duct CCA develops, it is divided into one of three types:

Adenocarcinoma, a cancer that arises from the mucus glands that line the inside of the bile ducts, is the most common type of cholangiocarcinoma, accounting for up to 95% of all cases.

What Is Cancer Of The Bile Duct Called

Cholangiocarcinoma, also known as bile duct cancer, is a cancer of the bile ducts. Other biliary tract cancers include gallbladder cancer and ampullary (or ampulla of Vater) cancer:

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Gallbladder cancer, a cancer of the bile ducts, occurs in the cells of the gallbladder. Most of them are adenocarcinomas that start in the lining of the gallbladder. Symptoms are similar to CCA, but may also include nausea and abdominal pain. More information about gallbladder cancer can be found in the Biliary Cancer Patient Guide, which can be downloaded by clicking here

Ampulla cancer (or ampulla of Vater cancer) is the rarest cancer of the biliary tract. It develops where the bile ducts from the liver and pancreas join together and enter the duodenum in an area called the ampulla of Vater. More information about ampullary cancer can be found in the Biliary Cancer Patient Guide, which can be downloaded by clicking here

The bile duct system includes a duct network or tree-like structure within the liver and the common bile duct outside the liver.

From liver cells to increasingly large branches. The right and left hepatic bile ducts inside the liver collect bile and join outside

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