What Does Your Spleen Do In The Human Body – The spleen is a highly specialized and important organ that plays a key role in the body’s immune system and the removal and storage of blood. It has 3 main functions.

1. Blood filter – the spleen filters and removes old or damaged red blood cells (as well as other foreign particles, such as bacteria and viruses).

What Does Your Spleen Do In The Human Body

What Does Your Spleen Do In The Human Body

2. Blood reservoir – also serves as a blood reservoir; storing a reserve that can be released into the bloodstream in case of injury or other emergency.

What Does The Spleen Do?

3. Production of antibodies. The spleen also plays a vital role in the body’s immune system, by producing antibodies. These are proteins that help the immune system identify and neutralize foreign invaders (such as bacteria) in the body.

The spleen is an organ located in the upper left part of the abdomen, near the stomach and behind the left side of the chest. It is 12 cm long (the same length as the kidney), 5 cm thick and 7 cm wide. It weighs about 150g (again the same as a kidney).

In some conditions, the spleen can become enlarged, which is known as splenomegaly. This can happen for many reasons, including infection, inflammation, or cancer. Here are some of them

In rare cases, the spleen may need to be surgically removed, a procedure known as a splenectomy. This may be necessary if the spleen is enlarged or damaged to the point of causing other health problems.

Spleen: Anatomy, Location And Functions

Most operations to remove the spleen are performed using keyhole surgery (laparoscopy). This allows the surgeon to enter your stomach (abdomen) to the spleen without having to make a large incision.

This means you will have less scarring and a faster recovery from surgery. But you will still need general anesthesia.

Yes. Although the spleen does many important things in the body, it is possible to live without one. Also, rarely, some people are born without a spleen.

What Does Your Spleen Do In The Human Body

Sometimes, doctors will remove the spleen (splenectomy) because it is damaged or diseased. Without the spleen, the liver takes over many of the duties of the spleen.

Cary Gastroenterology Associates

Splenectomy is also a treatment for various types of thrombocytopenia, including immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). These disorders cause low levels of platelets in the body. Platelets are blood cells that help blood clot.

People living without a spleen have a higher risk of infection. People who have other conditions that affect the immune system (such as cancer, HIV, or chemotherapy) are at greater risk of infection.

There are things you can do. You should be up to date on your vaccinations. You may also need daily antibiotics to prevent bacterial infection. Ask your doctor.

Carry or wear a medical ID card (such as a MedicAlert bracelet) if you have had your spleen removed. If you need help or emergency treatment, your medical ID will alert staff to your condition.

Lymphatic System: Function, Conditions & Disorders

We explained what the spleen does and its 3 functions. And we have given you more facts about the spleen. We hope you understand it better now. You may go your whole life and never really think about the spleen. Unless damaged, your spleen will continue to filter blood and produce white blood cells without fuss. Located under your ribs, your spleen is well protected. However, this does not mean that your spleen cannot be damaged and potentially become a major problem.

An enlarged spleen results from damage or trauma to the spleen from any of several different medical conditions, diseases, or types of physical trauma. Infections, liver problems, blood cancers and metabolic disorders can cause your spleen to enlarge, a condition called splenomegaly.

When your spleen is enlarged, you have an increased risk of rupture. A ruptured spleen or even a bad rupture of the spleen can cause massive amounts of internal bleeding, requiring immediate medical attention.

What Does Your Spleen Do In The Human Body

Your spleen is a small organ about the size of an orange in the upper left side of your abdominal cavity. Located behind the ninth, tenth, and eleventh ribs just below the left lung, your spleen is an organ that has a role to play in not just one, but two major body systems.

Ruptured Spleen: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, And Recovery

The spleen is made of two different types of tissue, each with its own job. The spleen’s first role is to filter your blood. A type of tissue in your spleen, known as the red pulp, helps remove damaged blood cells and other cellular waste from your blood supply. Your spleen is also responsible for keeping platelets in reserve to help with clotting when you are injured. The spleen also helps maintain a healthy number of red blood cells in the blood to allow the blood to carry oxygen efficiently.

As part of your lymphatic system, the spleen’s second major function is to help keep your immune system functioning properly. The second type of tissue in your spleen, the white pulp, is responsible for helping to store lymphocytes. Also known as white blood cells, these cells are your body’s main defense against infection. When you are sick, the spleen releases these white blood cells into your bloodstream to attack any invaders, such as bacteria or viruses, in an attempt to destroy them and keep you healthy.

You would think that any organ that is enlarged would cause pain, but surprisingly, an enlarged spleen may not give you many signals that something is wrong.

Unlike many other diseases, spleen problems often do not show many symptoms on their own. It takes a serious case of splenomegaly to start feeling pain from your spleen. If your spleen is significantly enlarged, you may experience pain in your upper abdomen and even in your left shoulder.

How The Spleen Keeps Blood Healthy

The pressure that an enlarged spleen can exert on surrounding organs can sometimes be felt if the swelling has become severe enough. If you experience sharp pain in your upper left abdomen when you take a deep breath, it may be time to talk to your doctor to see if you are suffering from splenomegaly.

With its role in cleaning and maintaining your blood supply, the spleen can be susceptible to many different conditions that affect your blood. This can include hereditary diseases and blood cancers such as Hodgkin’s disease (a form of lymphoma) and leukemia. Your eating habits and lifestyle can cause your spleen to enlarge. Liver disease, such as cirrhosis caused by chronic alcoholism, can affect the spleen. Some forms of heart disease, which can be affected by diet and exercise, can also impair blood supply to the spleen.

Blood disorders are a significant source of spleen problems. Since your spleen spends its day filtering and cleaning your blood supply, things that go wrong with your blood, especially when it affects your red blood cells, can be a challenge for your spleen. Several of the blood disorders that are common causes of splenomegaly involve the spleen working too hard to remove damaged blood cells. These conditions include hemolytic anemia, sickle cell disease, thalassemia, and spherocytosis.

What Does Your Spleen Do In The Human Body

The blood disorders mentioned above are not the only reason why your spleen may be working overtime trying to target and filter damaged cells from your blood. Cancers such as leukemia and Hodgkin’s disease can cause damage to blood cells and result in abnormal amounts of filtration from the spleen. It is also possible for other types of cancer to metastasize to the spleen tissue.

Spleen Surgery — Sunnybank Surgical Group

There are a number of metabolic and genetic disorders that can affect the spleen. These conditions are less focused on damage to the blood itself, but damage to other tissues in the body can still cause the spleen to have extra work to do. More common causes of this type of spleen damage include the following:

Infections of various kinds are also possible causes of splenomegaly. This can include viral, bacterial and even parasitic infections. These infections span the spectrum of serious, life-threatening infections from HIV/AIDS and malaria to tuberculosis and viral hepatitis. Other, lesser-known infections, such as anaplasmosis and cytomegalovirus, can also cause damage to the immune system, including the spleen.

Most organs in the body have their own way of telling you that something is wrong. A chronic cough and nasal drainage may indicate that something has gone wrong in your respiratory system. Blood in your stool is a clear sign that you should talk to your doctor, because something could be very wrong in your digestive tract. Spleen problems, on the other hand, have few such signs.

If you feel full before eating a full meal as you push yourself away from the table, a spleen problem is probably not the first thing that comes to mind. In fact, an unexplained feeling of fullness is sometimes an indication that your spleen has enlarged and is pressing on your stomach.

What Does The Spleen Do? (3 Functions)

Other symptoms of splenomegaly are more closely related to whatever underlying disease damaged your spleen in the first place. These can range from symptoms of infections such as HIV/AIDS to liver disorders and malaria. A few common symptoms

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