What Does Low Platelets And High White Blood Cells Mean – During pregnancy, your blood volume increases by up to 50%. With a decline in hemoglobin levels and hematocrit the percentage of red blood cells (RBCs) in blood (especially in the last trimester), the platelet count also slightly decreases. However, the white blood cells (WBCs) in the blood increase after pregnancy, called leukocytosis.

Leukocytes or WBCs are classified as agranulocytes (lymphocytes and monocytes) and granulocytes (eosinophils, neutrophils and basophils), which make up the body’s immune system and fight against infection (1).

What Does Low Platelets And High White Blood Cells Mean

What Does Low Platelets And High White Blood Cells Mean

Read this post to know about the causes of high WBC count in pregnancy and the complications associated with this condition.

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After pregnancy, there is a gradual increase in the normal WBC count (leukocytosis), with a slight shift to an increased percentage of neutrophils.

Leukocytosis begins in the first trimester, continues throughout pregnancy, peaks during delivery, and usually normalizes after four weeks (1) (2).

XA Pregnancy condition characterized by the onset of high blood pressure, protein in the urine and water retention, and gestational diabetes mellitus

(GDM) (3) (4). Therefore, the leukocyte count must be correctly interpreted and correlated during your antenatal visits and postnatal care (1).

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During pregnancy, the white blood cells are often examined to look for signs of infection or inflammation in the body. The WBC levels rise from eight to forty weeks in the gestational period. As seen in the graph below, they peak around the 32nd week and start sloping down (12).

Even in healthy pregnancies, it is normal for a woman’s WBC count to increase, especially toward the end of pregnancy. However, if the elevation is accompanied by any signs of infection or other medical conditions, it probably will warrant further testing and evaluation.

Specific causes of elevated WBC counts include bacterial or viral infections, leukemia, rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis, certain medications (such as epinephrine).

What Does Low Platelets And High White Blood Cells Mean

XA hormone as well as a neurotransmitter responsible for the body’s fight or flight response or corticosteroids), severe allergic reactions and even severe stress. Any bacterial or viral infection in the body can result in an elevation in a person’s white blood cell count.

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However, due to the physiological stress caused by pregnancy, you may have a higher WBC count even in a normal pregnancy. Therefore, maternal WBC count may not be a primary screening technique for detecting severe pregnancy complications (5). Conversely, an increased WBC count in your urine sample indicates a urinary tract infection (UTI) (6).

XA complex system of glands and organs that produce hormones, metabolic processes, and genital system undergo several changes to nourish the developing fetus and prepare the body for labor and delivery. As your pregnancy progresses, this physiological and emotional stress raises your leukocyte count as the leukocytes accept stimulatory impulses (7).

During a healthy pregnancy, leukocytosis is generally referred to as an increased percentage of neutrophils in the blood. However, there are many types of WBCs, and elevated levels of other WBCs may mean different diagnoses (1)(8).

The increase in the WBC count is mainly due to an increase in neutrophil and lymphocyte counts (1).

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Studies have shown that lymphocyte count decreases during the first and second trimester and increases during the third trimester (1).

Routine blood tests during pregnancy, such as a complete blood count (CBC) test, typically measure the leukocyte count. Your doctor may perform diagnostic tests for hemoglobin, WBC, and platelet counts at almost every prenatal care visit to look for conditions that may complicate the pregnancy (6).

An elevated white blood cell count may not present any symptoms in pregnancy. However, the symptoms of a high WBC count in non-pregnant people usually include (9)

What Does Low Platelets And High White Blood Cells Mean

If you detect any of these symptoms while pregnant, contact your health care provider, as this may be a sign of infection or underlying medical complications.

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While leukocytosis is common during pregnancy, it can also result from an underlying problem that typical prenatal WBC count tests cannot detect, necessitating extra screening. In the first trimester, higher platelet levels and WBC counts are linked to a higher risk of miscarriage, thus highlighting the importance of monitoring these markers for potential pregnancy complications (5) (10).

A high WBC count during pregnancy, also known as leukocytosis, is induced by the physiological stress of pregnancy. A moderate increase in WBC count during pregnancy is normal. However, if the WBC count rises abnormally, it may indicate an underlying condition or infection (8).

Routine blood tests conducted by healthcare providers during pregnancy help monitor any potential abnormalities and ensure the well-being of both the mother and the baby. However, you can take general precautions, such as maintaining hygiene, staying hydrated, eating a well-balanced diet, and religiously following prescribed medications, to minimize the risk of infections and inflammatory conditions (13).

Although there may be no characteristic signs to depict a high WBC count in pregnancy, some women may experience a tendency to bleed easily, high fever, fatigue and weight loss. In addition, during pregnancy, there may be an increase in the number of white blood cells (WBC) that begins in the first trimester. This is due to the sudden pregnancy-related changes that occur in the body. While a slight increase in WBC count may be expected during pregnancy, it can sometimes be a sign of infections, dehydration, or other medical problems. Therefore, it is ideal to seek medical attention if you experience any atypical symptoms when pregnant to prevent adversities that may affect maternal well-being.

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One of the hematological parameters during pregnancy is an elevated white blood cell (WBC) count (leukocytosis), which is typically normal. However, some underlying problems may also increase the WBC count during pregnancy. The infographic below covers the implications of the increase in different white blood cells during pregnancy.

Learn about the symptoms of an elevated white blood cell (WBC) count and effective management techniques. Get the answers you need to stay healthy during pregnancy.

Its articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.

What Does Low Platelets And High White Blood Cells Mean

Dr. Miguel Razio Osorio started his career in 2004 and has 19 years of experience in various fields of gynecology. After two years of internship and social service, he decided to specialize in G&O. Since 2013, Dr. Razo has dedicated his training and practice to improve his patients’ obstetric and gynecological health, obtaining his degree as a certified specialist in … more

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Rashmi Das has over four years of experience as a clinical coordinator, medical content writer and medical conference coordinator. Her constant interest in medical journals and writing makes her write well-researched articles for. She writes health and wellness articles for children and pregnant and lactating women. Reshmi completed her post graduation in Biotechnology from MITS School of Biotechnology, … more

Rebecca is a pregnancy writer and editor with a passion for delivering research-based and engaging content in areas of fertility, pregnancy, birth and post-pregnancy. She has her graduation in Biotechnology and Genetics from Loyola Academy, Osmania University and received a certification in ‘Nutrition and Lifestyle in Pregnancy’ from Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (LMU). She was in good health and … more

Aneesha holds a Bachelor’s degree in Biotechnology from USTM, Meghalaya and Master’s degree in Applied Microbiology from VIT, Vellore. With two years of experience, she has worked on different research projects in the field of food sciences. In addition, she has an internship experience at Oil India Limited as an R&D project trainee. As a writer at , Aneesha ensures … More Blood cell disorders are conditions that affect any of your blood cells—that is, your red and white blood cells, and even your platelets. All of these cells are formed in your bone marrow. While some disorders disrupt the function of one of these cells, they may also cause multiple blood cells and their given function. .

Below are some common benign blood conditions that affect the blood cells and platelets. To help our patients better understand each condition, we have included the symptoms, risk factors, means of diagnosis, and treatment options for each of the benign blood conditions.

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What is anemia? Anemia is a blood cell disorder that affects the function of your red blood cells. If you suffer from anemia, your body lacks the healthy blood cells needed to carry oxygen to the rest of your body. Anemia is also sometimes referred to as low hemoglobin. .

The signs and symptoms related to anemia depend on the severity and type of anemia you have been diagnosed with. Additionally, anemia can sometimes present with no symptoms. However, some symptoms that may be indicative of anemia include:

Anemia is often linked to a lack of specific vitamins and minerals, chronic conditions and intestinal disorders. Additionally, other risk factors for anemia include pregnancy, menstruation, age, and a family history of anemia.

What Does Low Platelets And High White Blood Cells Mean

In order to diagnose anemia, our hematologists may recommend a full blood count (FBC), which will inform us about the level of red blood cells in your blood.

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If this is due to dietary deficiency, supplementation of the deficient nutrients (folate, iron or vitamin B12) may be adequate. If there are other reasons, the treatment will need to be

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