What Could Cause Low White Blood Cells – Blood cell disorders are conditions that affect any of your blood cells – these are your red and white blood cells, as well as your platelets. All of these cells are formed in your bone marrow. When certain disorders disrupt the function of one of these cells, they may disrupt multiple blood cells and their function. .
Below are some common benign blood conditions that affect one’s blood cells and platelets. To help our patients better understand each condition, we’ve covered the symptoms, risk factors, methods of diagnosis, and treatment options for these benign blood conditions.
- 1 What Could Cause Low White Blood Cells
- 2 Leukopenia. Reduced Number Of Leukocytes In The Blood. Products Increase White Blood Cells. Vector Illustration Stock Vector
- 3 Solution: Leukopenia Study Notes
- 4 White Blood Cell Disorders: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, And Treatment
- 5 Solved Which Of The Following Would Not Cause A Low White
What Could Cause Low White Blood Cells
What is anemia? Anemia is a blood cell disorder that affects the function of your red blood cells. If you suffer from anemia, your body does not have enough healthy blood cells to carry oxygen to other parts of your body. Anemia is sometimes called low hemoglobin. .
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Signs and symptoms associated with anemia depend on the severity and type of anemia you are diagnosed with. Also, anemia can sometimes appear without symptoms. However, some symptoms that indicate anemia include:
Anemia is often associated with specific vitamin and mineral deficiencies, chronic conditions, and intestinal disorders. Also, other risk factors for anemia include pregnancy, menstruation, age, and family history of anemia.
To diagnose anemia, our hematologists may recommend a full blood count (FBC), which tells us the amount of red blood cells in your blood.
If this is due to a dietary deficiency, supplementation of the deficient nutrients (folate, iron or vitamin B12) may be sufficient. If there are other causes, treatment should be prescribed accordingly.
Leukopenia. Reduced Number Of Leukocytes In The Blood. Products Increase White Blood Cells. Vector Illustration Stock Vector
A common form of anemia is iron deficiency anemia, when the body does not have enough iron to produce hemoglobin.
Some common symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are general fatigue, unusual weakness, pale skin, tingling in the legs, swollen and sore tongue, brittle nails, and frequent headaches.
Iron deficiency anemia usually results from a poor diet, blood loss, the increased need for iron during pregnancy, and decreased absorption of iron from one’s diet. Risk factors for iron deficiency include age, genetic conditions, and lifestyle choices.
Our hematologists may recommend several tests to diagnose iron deficiency anemia. These tests may include a full blood count (FBC) and iron profile, and additional diagnostic tests such as colonoscopy and endoscopy may be necessary to rule out intestinal causes.
Solution: Leukopenia Study Notes
Treatment options for iron deficiency anemia may include oral iron supplements, intravenous iron infusions, and red blood cell transfusions.
You can find more information about iron deficiency anemia, its symptoms, risk factors, and treatment options here.
Aplastic anemia is a rare and serious condition in which the body does not produce enough blood cells. This leaves the body feeling tired and increases the risk of uncontrolled bleeding and infection.
Some risk factors for aplastic anemia include exposure to toxic chemicals, radiation or chemotherapy, cancer, certain prescription medications, pregnancy, and autoimmune disorders.
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Treatment for aplastic anemia depends on the age and severity of the patient’s condition. The goal of treatment is to restore blood cell production. It is uncommon but may resolve spontaneously without treatment if the condition is mild. Patients may need blood and platelets to prevent and control infection.
Thalassemia is a genetic disease that affects the production of red blood cells. Abnormal production of blood means that affected individuals do not make enough viable red blood cells.
There are several types of thalassemia, the most common forms being alpha and beta thalassemia. Clinically, thalassemia patients may present with thalassemia minor or thalassemia major.
Symptoms of thalassemia can vary, with some people having no visible symptoms while others develop symptoms later in adolescence. Some of the most common symptoms include:
White Blood Cell Disorders: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, And Treatment
For our hematologists to diagnose thalassemia, they may recommend a full blood count (FBC). More specific blood tests like hemoglobin electrophoresis and red cell genetics are needed to clarify the diagnosis of thalassemia and determine the subgroup of thalassemia.
Depending on the type of thalassemia you are diagnosed with, treatment options may vary – some types of thalassemia require no treatment. However, if you need treatment, our hematologists may recommend iron chelation, blood transfusions, and bone marrow or blood stem cell transplants.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a condition in which a blood clot forms in a blood vessel deep in the body, usually in the leg or arm. This causes a complete or partial blockage of blood flow through the vein, causing pain, redness and swelling in the affected limb.
Various risk factors increase your risk of developing deep vein thrombosis. These include lying down or sitting for long periods of time, age, being overweight, smoking, cancer, heart failure, genetics, birth control pills, and pregnancy.
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Ultrasound is commonly used in the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis. This allows our hematologists to check that your blood is flowing normally through your veins.
The recommended treatment is an anticoagulant, which thins the blood and prevents the clot from getting bigger and breaking off, which can cause a pulmonary embolism. Blood clots will naturally dissolve in your body over time.
Pulmonary embolism refers to a condition in which a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a blood vessel in the lungs. A PE usually begins with a clot in the deep veins (also known as deep vein thrombosis or DVT) that breaks off and flows into the lungs. It can be life threatening if not treated promptly.
Some common symptoms of pulmonary embolism are difficulty breathing, coughing up blood, and pain in the chest or upper back.
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The most common risk factors for pulmonary embolism include inherited conditions (blood clotting disorders), prolonged immobility, and a history of cancer or chemotherapy.
Our hematologists may order specific blood tests (including a test called D-dimer), an ECG, a pulmonary angiogram, a chest X-ray, and other diagnostic tests to diagnose pulmonary embolism.
Depending on a patient’s overall health, various treatment options may be prescribed for pulmonary embolism. These include anticoagulant medications, compression stockings, and thrombolytic therapy.
You can find more information about pulmonary embolism, its treatment options, and the potential and side effects of anticoagulant medications here.
High White Blood Cell Count? What You Should Know
Immune thrombocytopenia is an autoimmune disorder that causes low platelet counts, leading to abnormal bleeding and bruising.
Patients with immune thrombocytopenia who have a platelet count greater than 50 may be asymptomatic. In these cases, the platelet count is low during a routine blood test. People with very low platelet counts may have symptoms such as petechiae (pinprick rash), bruising, purpura (purple spots on the skin), nose and gum bleeding, heavy periods, and fatigue.
Some risk factors for immune thrombocytopenia include sex, which is more common in women, and diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
Patients with immune thrombocytopenia who have a platelet count greater than 50 may be asymptomatic. In these cases, the platelet count is low during a routine blood test.
Solved Which Of The Following Would Not Cause A Low White
Patients with mild ITP usually do not require active treatment. However, their platelet count should be monitored regularly. Treatment of ITP aims to suppress the body’s immune system and increase platelet counts to reduce platelet destruction.
First-line treatments for ITP include steroids such as prednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). They help to suppress the immune system and prevent the destruction of platelets.
Von Willebrand disease (VWD) is one of the most common bleeding disorders caused by low levels or malfunctioning of von Willebrand factor (VWF) in the blood.
Symptoms of VWD can be mild enough to go unnoticed or very severe and intermittent. Symptoms can start at any age and include lumpy bruises, blood in the urine and stool, and prolonged bleeding. Additionally, patients with vWD may experience anemia-like symptoms such as weakness and fatigue.
Low White Blood Cell Count
To diagnose von Willebrand disease, our hematologists may ask questions about your family history. In addition, our doctor will check for abnormal bruising and perform blood tests to determine how your blood clots.
Currently, there is no cure for VWD. However, the condition can be controlled with medications and other treatments such as antifibrinolytic agents, desmopressin, and replacement therapy.
Hereditary red blood cell disorders are inherited disorders. Sickle cell disease and thalassemia are two common inherited red blood cell disorders. .
A genetic mutation causes thalassemia, and these mutations interfere with the body’s normal production of hemoglobin. As mentioned, without sufficient hemoglobin, oxygen cannot be carried to other parts of the body. Without enough oxygen, your organs cannot function properly. It can cause conditions such as an enlarged spleen, heart problems, bone defects, and delayed growth and development in children. .
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Treatment for thalassemia is usually blood transfusions and folic supplements. A stem
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