What Causes Protein In Your Urine During Pregnancy

What Causes Protein In Your Urine During Pregnancy – Proteinuria is high levels of protein in your urine. Causes can include relatively harmless conditions, including dehydration or intense exercise, or more serious, including kidney disease or immune disorders. Tests can confirm proteinuria, and a treatment plan can help you manage it.

Proteinuria (pro-tee-nyur-ee-uh) is a high level of protein in your urine (pee). This condition can be a sign of kidney damage.

What Causes Protein In Your Urine During Pregnancy

What Causes Protein In Your Urine During Pregnancy

Proteins must stay in your blood. If proteins enter your pee, they eventually leave your body, which can harm your overall health.

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Yes, protein in your urine is serious. Proteinuria can increase your risk of death from heart disease and cardiovascular disease.

Sometimes proteinuria is an early sign of chronic kidney disease (CKD), although you can have CKD and have normal levels of protein in your urine. CKD is a gradual loss of your kidney functions, which may eventually require kidney replacement therapy, dialysis, or a kidney transplant. Diabetes and high blood pressure (hypertension) pressure can damage your kidneys. They are the two most common causes of kidney disease.

Glomeruli (glo-mare-yoo-loog) are groups of tiny blood vessels in your kidneys. They perform the first phase of filtering waste products and excess water from your blood. The waste products and excess water leave your body through your pee. Glomeruli do not allow larger proteins or blood cells into your pee. If smaller proteins slip through your glomeruli, then long, thin tubes in your kidneys (tubules) recycle the proteins and keep them in your body.

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You may have no symptoms in the early stages of proteinuria. In advanced stages of proteinuria, symptoms may include:

These symptoms are also symptoms of chronic kidney disease. If you have these symptoms — especially foa pee and swelling — you should contact your healthcare provider right away.

Intense exercise, stress, taking aspirin every day (aspirin therapy) and exposure to cold temperatures can also cause proteinuria.

What Causes Protein In Your Urine During Pregnancy

A normal amount of protein in your pee is less than 150 milligrams per day. If you have more than 150 milligrams of protein in your pee per day, you have proteinuria. The upper limit of normal can vary a bit between laboratories.

Glucose Urine Test

If you have 3 to 3.5 grams of protein in your pee per day, you have nephrotic proteinuria. Nephrotic syndrome is a relatively rare condition that causes your kidneys to release an excessive amount of protein into your pee.

No, proteinuria is not contagious. However, you may be more likely to have proteinuria if other members of your biological family have it.

Your healthcare provider will use a dipstick test to diagnose proteinuria. During a dipstick test, you will pee into a special container at your healthcare provider’s office or a hospital. Then your health care provider will insert a thin plastic stick coated with special chemicals (dip stick) into the container. If there is too much of a protein in your pee, the dipstick changes color.

Your healthcare provider will do a urinalysis (urine test) on the rest of your pee. A urinalysis examines your pee’s visual, chemical and microscopic aspects under a microscope. Your healthcare provider looks for substances that don’t belong in your pee. These substances can include red blood cells, white blood cells, bacteria, and salt or protein crystals that can develop into kidney stones.

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If your healthcare provider suspects that you have kidney disease, you will repeat a urine test three times over three months. If your urine samples test positive for the presence of protein every time, you probably have a chronic (long-term) disease. The earlier the diagnosis, the greater the chance that your healthcare providers can slow down kidney disease and stop it from progressing.

If kidney disease is causing proteinuria, your treatment plan may include medication, dietary changes, and exercise. Your healthcare provider may prescribe blood pressure medication if you have high blood pressure. If you have low blood pressure, you should schedule annual urine tests and blood pressure tests.

If you have diabetes, you may need to manage your blood sugar. You should also receive GFR blood tests every year.

What Causes Protein In Your Urine During Pregnancy

Pregnant people with a history of preeclampsia should schedule regular checkups with their healthcare provider. Although preeclampsia is a serious condition, it usually goes away days to weeks after your baby is born.

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If you have proteinuria but do not have diabetes, high blood pressure, or any other medical condition, your healthcare provider may prescribe blood pressure medication to help prevent kidney damage. It’s a good idea to have your blood pressure and urine tested every six months to make sure you don’t have kidney disease.

No, drinking more water will not treat proteinuria. Drinking more water will make you pee more, so there may be less protein each time you pee, but it won’t stop your kidneys from leaking protein.

The best way to take care of yourself is to take your medication as prescribed by your healthcare provider.

You cannot prevent proteinuria. However, you can manage it. Many conditions that cause proteinuria are treatable with medication and lifestyle changes.

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Without treatment, proteinuria can cause death. Studies suggest that people who do not have proteinuria have a longer life expectancy than people with heavy or even mild proteinuria.

Orthostatic proteinuria (postural proteinuria) is a condition in which there is a high amount of protein in your urine when you stand up, but a normal amount of protein in your urine when you pee while lying on your back (supine).

Transient proteinuria is temporary. Causes usually include intense exercise, stress, fever and prolonged exposure to cold temperatures. Transient proteinuria usually resolves on its own.

What Causes Protein In Your Urine During Pregnancy

Proteinuria is high levels of protein in your pee. If you have proteinuria, you may need to pee more often, and your pee may be foamy or bubbly. You may have general feelings of illness, including nausea, vomiting, tiredness and swelling. If you have any of these symptoms for more than a few days, it’s a good idea to contact your healthcare provider. They can help you diagnose a condition that is causing your proteinuria and prescribe treatments that help keep your kidneys healthy. Later in pregnancy, if excess protein is found in urine, it may indicate that a more serious complication is developing, such as preeclampsia.

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Read on to find out more about what protein in urine during pregnancy means and what to expect if you’ve been diagnosed with it.

Routine prenatal urine tests are performed to check for infection or other conditions that can cause complications for mothers and babies if left untreated.

Testing for protein in a pregnant woman’s urine (proteinuria) helps caregivers make sure kidney function is normal, as well as make sure there are no other conditions that may need further investigation.

Usually, you would expect a urine test to be requested at your first prenatal appointment and then periodically at future prenatal visits.

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Discuss with your doctor if you do not want to do the urine test, as you may have risk factors that mean early detection of certain conditions will be beneficial.

A test stick with a specially treated chemical strip is inserted into the urine. The strip will change color depending on the presence of protein in the urine. It also shows how much protein is present, ranging from low (trace) to high (excess).

If the test detects low levels of trace protein, this is probably normal and nothing to worry about. Protein output can be affected by fluid intake and diet and can vary throughout the day.

What Causes Protein In Your Urine During Pregnancy

In most cases, low levels of protein found in urine are either normal or may indicate a minor infection. A higher level of protein indicates a more complex and serious problem.

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If you test positive for protein in your urine during pregnancy, your care provider will take into account the amount of protein indicated and your health history, as well as any other symptoms you may be experiencing.

This will help determine what the action should be. Further laboratory tests may be needed to see if an infection is present.

Your care provider will check for any of the following symptoms of preeclampsia, which are more likely to occur in the third trimester:

If your carer is satisfied that the protein does not indicate any serious problems, you will have another test done at your next appointment, with advice to keep an eye on any symptoms that develop.

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However, if you have any other signs that indicate a more serious complication is developing, you may need to be admitted to hospital for further testing and monitoring.

Avoiding infections like UTIs can be a challenge during pregnancy, as hormones encourage the muscles in your urinary tract to relax.

Practice good hygiene by wiping from front to back after you urinate, and make sure your gut health is a priority. Especially during pregnancy, many women let go of their diet and eat for two.

What Causes Protein In Your Urine During Pregnancy

It is especially important to avoid inflammatory foods that ignite insulin, such as grains and sugars. Opt for protein (which will help keep you full and help stabilize blood sugar levels), fresh vegetables and greens, good fats, nuts and seeds.

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Hydration is important, not only

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