What Causes Calcium Loss In The Body – Calcium is a chemical element with the symbol Ca. In the human body, calcium is the most abundant metal and the fifth most abundant element. Calcium is an essential mineral with crucial functions in the skeletal, cardiovascular, endocrine and neurological systems. This mineral contributes greatly to the structure of bones and teeth and is essential for normal movement by keeping tissues stiff, strong and flexible. Unlike teeth, bones undergo constant remodeling, with resorption and deposition of calcium in new bone. About 99% of the total calcium in the body is located in the bone, which acts as a calcium reservoir. The remaining fraction participates in metabolic processes, including vascular and muscle contraction, nervous system signal transduction, blood clotting, transmembrane transport, enzymatic activation, signal transduction and hormonal function. The body has constant calcium levels in men and women, but in women calcium levels begin to decline due to increased bone remodeling due to decreased estrogen production during menopause. Rich natural sources of calcium include milk, yogurt and cheese. Non-dairy sources include canned salmon and sardines on the bone, as well as broccoli, kale and Chinese cabbage (bok choy). The recommended calcium intake for adults aged 19 to 50 is 1000 mg per day. This amount may be increased for adolescents, pregnant and lactating women, and women over 50 years of age.
Calcium deficiency (also known as hypocalcemia) is usually caused by a lack of vitamin D or magnesium, a poor diet, decreased parathyroid hormone function, decreased calcium resorption by bone, an underlying condition, or the use of certain medications. In addition, some subgroups of the population are at risk of calcium deficiency, including adolescents, postmenopausal women, women with amenorrhea, women who participate in elite sports, and people with lactose intolerance or cow’s milk allergies. Age can also affect the absorption of calcium from food. Calcium absorption is as high as 60% in infants and young children, who need significant amounts to build bones, but decreases to about 25% in adulthood and continues to decline with age.
- 1 What Causes Calcium Loss In The Body
- 2 Osteoporosis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, And Treatment
- 3 Osteoporosis Causes & Prevention
- 4 Calcium Deficiency Symptoms: Common Signs And Symptoms Of Calcium Deficiency
What Causes Calcium Loss In The Body
Dietary calcium deficiency is believed to be widespread worldwide. According to published estimates, approximately half of the world’s population has inadequate access to dietary calcium. Because low serum calcium levels can affect most organs, symptoms can vary widely. Neuromuscular irritability is generally the most pronounced symptom, including numbness around the mouth, tingling in the hands and feet, and muscle spasms. In severe cases, individuals may experience kidney calcification or injury, cerebral calcification, neurological symptoms (e.g., depression and bipolar disorder), cataracts, cancer, congestive heart failure, seizures, or even a coma. Insufficient calcium can cause bone weakening and osteoporosis, a condition that leads to fragile bones and an increased risk of falls. Calcium deficiency can also cause rickets in children and other bone problems such as osteomalacia in adults. Vitamin D levels are closely correlated with calcium for the prevention of rickets and osteomalacia, that is, the lower the vitamin D levels, the more calcium is needed. Inadequate consumption of calcium has also been linked to other health effects, such as pregnancy complications, tooth decay, dermatitis, brittle nails, as well as fractures and osteopenia in older adults. Low calcium levels have also been linked to severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Osteoporosis: Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis, And Treatment
Some people need calcium supplements to meet their calcium needs. However, taking calcium supplements can cause people to experience gastrointestinal side effects, including constipation, gas, bloating, or a combination of these symptoms. In addition, some dietary compounds can form certain salts with calcium ions in the intestine, reducing their solubility and absorption. Calcium supplements can also interact with many different prescription medications, including blood pressure medications, synthetic thyroid hormones, and antibiotics resulting in low calcium absorption and bioavailability in the intestine. In addition, some calcium supplements only need to be taken with meals because they require stomach acid for better bioavailability and absorption. To solve these problems, liposomal delivery systems have been developed. Liposomal calcium does not cause side effects because it prevents the interaction of calcium with the intestinal mucosa. In addition, liposomes can protect calcium ions from interacting with dietary compounds and prevent them from becoming indigestible calcium salts. Most importantly, liposomes have a different mode of absorption than other medications. This protects liposomal calcium from interacting with other drugs. Furthermore, liposomal calcium can be absorbed with or without food. Therefore, it is suitable for people with low stomach acid. Therefore, liposomes can increase calcium bioavailability without side effects. Nanoliposomes are smaller than liposomes and may be more effective at controlling calcium release and absorption. These nanocarrier systems can provide high stability, cell uptake, bioavailability and sustained release. As a result, nanoliposomal calcium supplements are the best calcium supplement.
SUPREME PHARMATECH CO., LTD. SUPREME PHARMATECH CO., LTD. 399/90-95 Moo 13 Kingkaew Rd. Soi 25/1, T. Rachateva, A. Bangplee, Samutprakan 10540, THAILAND Email: firstname.lastname@example.org ID Line: Hotline: 0888 700-007 Tel. +66-2-1307888 Fax +66-2-1307889Osteoporosis is sometimes called the “silent disease” because it may not show noticeable signs of its presence until a serious bone fracture occurs. However, there are some signs of osteoporosis that can occur before the disease progresses too far. As the disease progresses slowly and quietly, the bones lose their density and become more porous, leading to skeletal changes that can cause pain. It is a progressive disease and has no cure, but its progression can be slowed considerably. It is important to recognize the signs of osteoporosis and begin a treatment plan immediately to prevent further bone loss.
Often people learn they have osteoporosis because a bone breaks when they do something that shouldn’t break a bone, such as standing up or lightly bumping an object. A bone fracture is one of the main symptoms of low bone density.
However, there are early signs of osteoporosis that can occur before a bone breaks. Below is a list of symptoms of osteoporosis:
Osteoporosis Causes & Prevention
In many cases, the pain associated with osteoporosis is usually due to a bone fracture. Back pain is common with a compression fracture of the spine. Pain in the neck or hips is another common symptom of osteoporosis. However, osteoporosis and pain also go hand in hand when a bone weakens and causes other problems, such as skeletal misalignment or problems bending and twisting the body.
Osteoporosis develops so slowly that the signs of the disease are often overlooked. It is important to never ignore the warning signs of osteoporosis.
There are many risk factors that increase the chance of developing osteoporosis. Some are uncontrollable, but increase risks. They contain:
At the first signs of osteoporosis, the doctor will order specialized tests to measure bone loss and bone density. Two types of medical tests are used. One type includes a bone density scan, CT, or MRI. The second type of test is a blood test that looks for markers for osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis Prevention: Exercise, Diet, Supplements, Medication
The scan is usually performed using a bone densitometry (DEXA) or dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) test. The DXA and DEXA scanning machine produces a T-score and Z-score. The T-score indicates how much bone a person has compared to younger people who have not experienced bone loss. The doctor will use the T-score to estimate the risk of bone fractures.
The Z-score measures the amount of bone a patient has compared to other people in the same age group. Other common tests include a CT scan of the body, a CT scan of the spine, or an MRI of the spine.
The bone density blood test measures osteoporosis markers. The markers measure certain elements in the blood or urine. Measuring the blood tests:
The results of one or more tests will indicate whether there are signs of bone loss. If so, the medical professional will recommend an action plan to slow the progression of osteoporosis. There is also the possibility that proper treatment and lifestyle changes can lead to some rebuilding of the bone, although completely reversing bone damage is not currently possible. Medically reviewed by Meredith Goodwin, MD, FAAFP – by the editorial team – updated July 12, 2023
Calcium Deficiency Symptoms: Common Signs And Symptoms Of Calcium Deficiency
Receding gums, weak grip strength, and neck or back pain are all symptoms of osteoporosis. Talk to a doctor if you suspect you have osteoporosis. They can perform a bone density test to confirm your diagnosis.
Osteoporosis is a condition that causes your bones to become thinner, weaker and more brittle. According to the International Osteoporosis Foundation, it affects 21.2 percent of women over the age of 50 and 6.3 percent of men over the same age worldwide.
Although your bones are very strong, they are made of living tissue that is constantly being broken down and rebuilt. Until your early twenties, your body has the ability to produce new bone faster than it breaks down old bone tissue. But this process slows down as you get older.
As you age, old bone tissue can break down faster than it is created. This can cause your bones to become more porous and fragile, resulting in osteoporosis, which can increase your risk of bone fractures.
Calcium And Bone Health
Treating osteoporosis in its earliest stages is the best way to prevent some of the more serious consequences, such as:
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