What Are The Two Kinds Of Diabetes

What Are The Two Kinds Of Diabetes – Diabetes mellitus is a common disorder that leads to high blood sugar levels. It affects a large number of people, and many more people go undiagnosed.

Diabetes; type 2 diabetes; type 1 diabetes; diabetes mellitus; T2DM; T1DM; insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus; IDDM; non-insulin dependent diabetes; juvenile diabetes

What Are The Two Kinds Of Diabetes

What Are The Two Kinds Of Diabetes

Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the body does not produce enough of the hormone insulin, or the insulin produced does not work effectively, leading to high blood sugar levels. There are several different types of diabetes; the most common forms are type 1 diabetes (insulin deficiency) or type 2 diabetes (insulin that does not work effectively). Gestational diabetes occurs in the second part of pregnancy and is covered in a separate article. Diabetes can also be caused by diseases that prevent insulin from working well or reduce insulin production by damaging the pancreas, e.g. Cushing’s syndrome, acromegaly and some rare genetic forms, e.g. Maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODI).

Diabetic Vascular Diseases: Molecular Mechanisms And Therapeutic Strategies

High blood sugar can cause damage to large blood vessels (called macrovascular complications, e.g. cardiovascular-heart arteries, cerebrovascular-brain arteries and peripheral vascular disease – arteries in the legs), and small blood vessels (called microvascular complications, eg eye, kidney and nerves). Because of this, diabetes mellitus is associated with an increased risk of heart attack, stroke, poor blood circulation in the legs, as well as damage to the eyes (retinopathy), nerves in the feet (neuropathy) and kidneys (nephropathy). Early diagnosis and strict control of blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels can help prevent or delay complications associated with diabetes. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle (regular exercise, a healthy diet, and a healthy weight) is important for reducing the risk of developing and treating type 2 diabetes.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas in response to a rise in blood sugar after eating. Insulin works to lower blood sugar (glucose) levels by allowing cells in the muscles, liver and fat to take up sugar from the blood so these tissues can use it for energy or store it. In type 1 diabetes (formerly called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus), the insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas are destroyed and are no longer able to produce insulin. This means that the tissues cannot access the sugar in the blood, leading to abnormally high sugar levels. This, in turn, causes dehydration and thirst (called polydipsia because the high glucose “spills over” into the urine and draws water from the body). To make the problem worse, because the body does not produce insulin and is not able to use sugar as a source of energy; it “thinks” it’s starving, so it does everything it can to release even more energy stores from other sources (like fat) into the bloodstream. If left untreated, patients get worse, become very dehydrated, lose weight, and develop a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis (also known as DKA), which results from excessive acidic byproducts of those other energy stores and causes serious changes in the way energy is used. is used and stored in the body.

In “type 2 diabetes” (formerly called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus), which accounts for 90% of all diabetes, the beta cells do not stop producing insulin, but the insulin produced does not work effectively to lower blood sugar levels. As a consequence, the pancreas must produce even more insulin to compensate for this decrease in insulin function. This is called “insulin resistance” and is commonly associated with excess body fat and obesity. This type of diabetes occurs more often in people over the age of 40, but it can occur at any age.

There are a number of different symptoms in people with diabetes. They may feel thirsty, pass large amounts of urine, wake up during the night to urinate, lose weight and have blurred vision. Patients are susceptible to infections such as skin infections or thrush. Especially with type 2 diabetes, patients may not be aware of their diabetes for several years and the diagnosis may only be made when they seek treatment for diabetes-related complications, such as foot, eye or kidney problems. Some patients may become seriously ill and be taken to the hospital with an infection and/or very high blood sugar.

Type 2 Diabetes: What It Is, Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

Diabetes mellitus is a public health problem worldwide. In 1980, 108 million adults worldwide had diabetes (4.7% of the world population). By 2021, this number has grown to 537 million adults (10.5% of the global population). By 2045, that number is expected to be 784 million adults. In 2021, it is estimated that over 4.9 million people will be living with diabetes in the UK. Type 2 diabetes accounts for more than 90% of all diabetes patients.

This depends on the type of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes and to a lesser extent type 1 diabetes runs in families. If a parent has diabetes, their children will not necessarily get it, but they are at increased risk. In type 2 diabetes, lifestyle factors such as being overweight or obese and lack of exercise can increase the risk of developing diabetes. Some rarer types of diabetes mellitus can be hereditary.

Diabetes can be indicated by testing a urine sample for sugar, but a blood sample is required for diagnosis. This can be a simple blood sugar measurement, usually fasting (fasting blood glucose). Sometimes, especially during pregnancy, an “oral glucose tolerance test” (OGTT) is done. This includes blood tests before and 2 hours after the sugary drink.

What Are The Two Kinds Of Diabetes

Alternatively, a test called ‘glycated haemoglobin’ (HbA1c) can be used to assess blood sugar levels over the past 2-3 months.

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If someone has typical symptoms of diabetes, only one abnormal test is needed. When there are no symptoms, a second confirmatory test is required.

While control of blood glucose levels is the primary goal of treatment, other aspects that increase risk, including control of blood pressure and blood cholesterol levels, are also very important in managing diabetes and preventing long-term health consequences.

Type 1 diabetes is always treated with insulin, a life-saving treatment. Patients will have to self-administer insulin several times a day for the rest of their lives. Insulin is usually given by injection under the skin, usually two to four times a day. An increasing number of patients with type 1 diabetes are treated with “insulin pumps”, which provide a continuous supply of insulin.

Patients with diabetes try to keep their blood glucose levels as normal as possible so that sensitive tissues in the body (especially blood vessels in the eyes, kidneys, and peripheral nerves) are not damaged by high glucose levels over a long period of time. To achieve this, patients should have their glucose levels measured regularly and be shown how to adjust their insulin doses to control their glucose levels. Good diabetes control helps to minimize the risk of long-term diabetes complications as well as short-term symptoms (such as thirst).

Best And Worst Fruits For People With Diabetes

Patients with type 2 diabetes can still produce insulin, but it may not work well enough to control glucose levels. Type 2 diabetes is therefore initially treated with a combination of lifestyle changes (weight loss, healthy diet and exercise), which increase the body’s response to insulin and therefore lower glucose levels.

Insulin treatment can cause weight gain and low blood sugar. In addition, there may be discomfort at the injection site. There are several types of pills used to treat diabetes and they have different side effects. The most common are diarrhea (metformin), nausea (GLP-1 agonists), weight gain (sulfonylureas and pioglitazone), low blood sugar (sulfonylureas), and genital thrush (SGLT2 inhibitors). However, not all patients will experience some or all of these side effects and patients should discuss any concerns with their doctor.

Diabetes requires lifelong treatment and monitoring by health professionals. It is associated with an increased risk of stroke, heart attack, nerve damage, eye and kidney problems, and poor blood circulation in the legs. Medical care aims to minimize these risks by controlling blood sugar levels, blood pressure, cholesterol, and screening for possible diabetes-related complications.

What Are The Two Kinds Of Diabetes

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise and a healthy diet helps with glucose control and long-term diabetes management. With careful monitoring and appropriate treatment, patients with diabetes can lead full and active lives.

Diabetes Mellitus: Nursing Care Management

Women with diabetes who are planning to start a family should discuss this with their doctor because good glucose control is important both before conception and during pregnancy. Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Glucose is your body’s main source of energy. Your body can make glucose, but glucose also comes from the food you eat.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that helps glucose enter your cells to be used for energy. If you have diabetes, your body doesn’t make enough — or any — insulin, or it doesn’t use insulin properly. Glucose then remains in the blood and does not reach the cells.

Diabetes increases the risk of damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves and heart. Diabetes is also linked to some types of cancer. Taking steps to prevent or manage diabetes can reduce your risk of developing health problems with diabetes.

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. What are the different types

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