What Are The Main Causes Of Anemia – Since the 1990s and after 2003, Iraq has experienced many hardships that have negatively affected its population in various ways; from embargoes to political instability, conflicts and wars, which together lead to food insecurity, especially among internally displaced persons. This study aimed to review the nutrition situation in Iraq in relation to the Global Nutrition Targets and the Sustainable Development Goals. The resulting data show a gradual decrease in under-five malnutrition rates, a decrease in the prevalence of anemia among targeted women, and an increase in low birth weight. Exclusive breastfeeding is still staggering and needs urgent action.
Tea consumption reduces iron bioavailability with NaFeEDTA in non-anemic and iron-deficiency women: stable iron isotope studies in Morocco
What Are The Main Causes Of Anemia
The study aimed to quantify the bioavailability of iron from NaFeEDTA when added to a wheat flour-based meal in both non-anemic and iron-deficient anemic women when consumed with and without traditional Moroccan green tea. It concluded that the fractional absorption of iron from wheat flour-based meals without tea and with tea was about 2-fold higher in iron-deficiency anemic women than in non-anemic women. The provision of an iron supplement in the form of NaFeEDTA cannot overcome the inhibition of iron absorption by tea polyphenols, even in iron-deficiency anemia, where iron absorption is highly regulated.
Iron Deficiency Anemia
Are countries in the Eastern Mediterranean region on track to achieve the World Health Assembly’s anemia target? A review of the evidence
Anemia is a multifactorial condition with a complex etiology involving nutritional and non-nutritional factors. The misconception that iron deficiency is equivalent to anemia may mask the need to address other potential causative factors. This review article aims to: (1) assess the severity of anemia compared with iron deficiency anemia among women of reproductive age, pregnant women, and children in the Eastern Mediterranean; (2) assess trends in anemia prevalence and whether countries are on track to meet the World Health Assembly’s 2025 target; and (3) characterize efforts to reduce anemia and provide a road map for future programs.
The aim of this study is to examine trends and relationships of nutritional anemia in women and children under five years of age with obesity and breastfeeding practices in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Data from the WHO and UNICEF regional data banks on anemia in pregnant and non-pregnant women and children under the age of five were used. In conclusion, it is necessary to promote optimal breastfeeding for two years to protect women and children under five years of age from anemia and obesity. Anemia during pregnancy increases regional rates of low birth weight, stunting, and mortality. Anemia is diagnosed as any condition in which there is a decrease in the number of circulating red blood cells. Conditions where our body does not produce enough healthy red blood cells, destroys too many red blood cells, or loses circulating red blood cells can lead to anemia. Red blood cells are critical to our body’s well-being. They carry hemoglobin, a complex protein that contains iron molecules. The main function of these molecules is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body. When there are not enough red blood cells, a person may experience symptoms such as fatigue or weakness.
Currently, more than 400 types of anemia are known, which are divided into three main groups depending on their cause:
How To Approach Haemolysis: Haemolytic Anaemia For The General Physician
There is no single cause of anemia. Because of the many types of anemia, it can sometimes be difficult to determine the exact cause. Below is a general overview of the common causes of the three main groups of anemia:
Anemia caused by blood loss: The most common type of anemia, iron deficiency anemia, usually falls into this category. In this case, the disease is caused by a lack of iron, most often due to blood loss. Blood loss can be classified as acute and rapid or chronic. Rapid blood loss can include surgery, childbirth, trauma, or a ruptured blood vessel. Chronic blood loss is more common in patients diagnosed with anemia. Here, blood loss may be the result of a stomach ulcer, cancer, or tumor. Women who experience heavy menstrual bleeding may also be at risk of developing anemia. When you lose blood, your body responds by pulling water from tissues outside the bloodstream in an attempt to keep the blood vessels full. This extra water thins the blood, and as a result, the red blood cells become thinner.
Anemia caused by decreased or impaired production of red blood cells: The patient’s diet may be the cause of the anemia. Lack of iron or foods rich in vitamins seriously affects the body’s ability to produce enough red blood cells. Vegetarians are particularly at risk of anemia due to their lack of iron-rich meat. However, there are other foods rich in iron, such as leafy greens or iron and vitamin supplements, that can be included in the diet. At the center of our bones is a soft, spongy tissue called bone marrow, which is important for making red blood cells. The bone marrow produces stem cells that turn into red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The bone marrow can be affected by a number of diseases, such as leukemia, when abnormal white blood cells are produced in excess, disrupting the normal production of red blood cells.
Anemia caused by destruction of red blood cells: Red blood cells normally live in the bloodstream for 120 days, but they can be destroyed or removed beforehand. One type of anemia that falls into this category is autoimmune hemolytic anemia, where the body’s immune system mistakenly identifies its own red blood cells as a foreign substance and attacks them. Excessive hemolysis (breakdown of red blood cells) can occur due to many other conditions.
Anemia Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, And Etiology In Low‐ And Middle‐income Countries
The most common symptom of anemia, regardless of type, is feeling tired and lacking energy. Other common symptoms of anemia may include:
In mild cases of anemia, symptoms are practically absent. Some forms of anemia may have specific symptoms characteristic only for their type:
Several methods can be used to diagnose anemia; the most common of these is a complete blood count (CBC), which measures a number of blood components, including hemoglobin levels and hematocrit (the ratio of red blood cell volume to total blood volume). required for this test, and only a small blood sample is required. A CBC can be an indicator of a patient’s general health and can detect other conditions, such as leukemia or kidney disease. A doctor can examine the CBC results and compare them to recommended healthy levels. What is a healthy level can vary by gender, race, and age. Unfortunately, a complete blood count does not offer a definitive diagnosis of anemia. You may be outside the normal range, but still healthy. If the red blood cell, hemoglobin, and hematocrit levels are below “normal,” anemia is likely. The doctor may also perform a physical examination and ask for information regarding the patient’s family medical history.
There are a number of treatments for anemia, all of which ultimately aim to increase the number of red blood cells, which in turn increases the amount of oxygen carried by the blood.
Iron Deficiency Symptoms
Switching to an iron-rich diet can help relieve the symptoms of anemia. To do this, patients can eat more fresh vegetables, such as leafy greens, meat and other recommended foods. Iron supplements and vitamins are also available, which are particularly helpful for patients on restricted diets. Changing your diet can increase levels of iron, vitamin B12, and folic acid, which play a role in the production of healthy red blood cells. The following foods are high in iron: Most medical textbooks begin their introduction to anemia by defining anemia as a deficiency of hemoglobin. When your body produces fewer healthy red blood cells than normal, a condition known as anemia develops. This prevents you from getting enough oxygenated blood. Lack of oxygen can make you feel weak or tired. Headaches, nausea and difficulty breathing are also possible. Hemoglobin is an iron-rich protein present in red blood cells (erythrocytes). Red blood cells can carry oxygen throughout the body because hemoglobin binds to it in the lungs. Anemia is assessed by the amount of hemoglobin in the blood. An article published in The Lancet in 2015 stated that anemia affects about one-third of people worldwide.
Signs of anemia may include health problems, such as those that affect the body’s ability to make healthy red blood cells or speed up the rate at which red blood cells are lost or degraded. Anemia can cause symptoms such as fatigue, shortness of breath, and dizziness. It can also indicate a more serious condition, such as stomach bleeding, inflammation related to an infection, kidney disease, cancer, or autoimmune disease. Anemia is diagnosed by your doctor based on your medical history, physical exam, and blood test results. It can have different forms, symptoms and causes.
We at Pathkind Labs offer a CBC test that includes a hemoglobin profile.
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