What Are The Four Stages Of Menstrual Cycle

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What Are The Four Stages Of Menstrual Cycle

What Are The Four Stages Of Menstrual Cycle

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While your period is often thought of as the main event in your menstrual cycle, there’s a lot more going on in your body that you might not think about.

The menstrual cycle is what finally allows you to get pregnant. That’s why people with a vagina usually have a menstrual cycle during the age when their body is most capable of carrying a fetus to term, starting around age 12 or 13 and continuing into their 40s or 50s.

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The average length of a menstrual cycle is 28 days, but it varies from person to person. If you are not pregnant, you will go through four main phases or events. Here’s an image of how these phases overlap:

The menstrual phase is the first phase of the menstrual cycle and lasts about seven days; you may know it as your period.

During the menstrual phase, hormones change: estrogen and progesterone drop, and the body releases prostaglandins, another type of hormone.

What Are The Four Stages Of Menstrual Cycle

Estrogen and progesterone cause the lining of the uterus to shed, and this fluid is what you bleed when you have your period. The uterus sheds its lining because it’s not needed when there’s no embryo to support, says Sophia Yen, MD, MPH, a reproductive health expert and co-founder and CEO of women’s telehealth provider Pandia Health.

Selective Expression Of Granulysin In Discrete Menstrual Phases

Some people will bleed for just three days, while others will bleed for a week or more, Yen says.

The follicular phase overlaps with menstruation, as it begins on the first day of menstruation and lasts between 10 and 16 days.

During this phase, the body releases follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). This causes the ovaries to create follicles, which are sacs that contain immature eggs.

Yen says about 10 follicles will grow and compete to “win.” The follicle that is strongest will grow and eventually contain a mature egg capable of fertilization. Your body will reabsorb the other follicles.

Menstrual Cycle. Luteal And Follicular Phase. Growing Follicle, Oocyte And Corpus Luteum. From Menses And Proliferative Phase, To Ovulation Stock Vector Image & Art

Since the follicular phase overlaps with menstruation, the symptoms you experience during this time, such as cramping and bloating, are related to your period and not to follicle growth.

Ovulation occurs around day 14 of your cycle, or about a week after the last day of your period, Yen says.

The “winning” follicle in the follicular phase develops into a mature egg that is released during ovulation. The egg will travel from the ovary to the fallopian tube, where it can be fertilized by sperm.

What Are The Four Stages Of Menstrual Cycle

Ovulation lasts as long as the released egg is alive, usually 12 to 24 hours. However, it is important to note that there is a 3-5 day window around ovulation where you are most likely to get pregnant. That’s because sperm can live inside your body for up to five days, waiting for a mature egg to pass.

Your Menstrual Cycle Explained

The luteal phase is the last phase of the menstrual cycle, and usually lasts 14 days.

During this time, Yen says, the rest of the dominant follicle becomes the corpus luteum, which is essentially a mass of cells that produces the hormone progesterone. This thickens the uterine lining, preparing the body for pregnancy if the egg is to be fertilized.

As this phase leads up to your period, you may experience premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms around day 12 of the luteal phase, such as:

Irregular menstrual cycles are one of the most common gynecologic concerns, says Jerome Chelliah, MD, MPH, an obstetrician-gynecologist at the Cleveland Clinic and women’s health educator. She says there are many possible causes for interrupted menstrual cycles, including:

A Woman’s Guide To Her Menstrual Cycle

Although the general 4-step process of the menstrual cycle is the same for everyone, each individual’s cycle is unique.

If your periods suddenly become irregular or if you are experiencing new symptoms, such as very heavy or long periods, be sure to see your OB-GYN for a checkup.

Ashley Laderer is a New York-based freelance writer specializing in health and wellness. Follow her on Twitter @ashladere. Have you noticed that some weeks you are on top of your game, feeling confident and energized, but the next you are tired and hungry with low self-esteem? Women have a reason for these fluctuations.

What Are The Four Stages Of Menstrual Cycle

When we usually think about the menstrual cycle, we usually only think about our period that comes once a month, but the truth is that there is a lot more to each week of our cycle beyond the week we bleed.

Menstrual Cycle Stages: Phase By Phase

As women, we are cyclical beings and follow not only the 24-hour daily circadian rhythm, which rhymes with wake-sleep cycles, but also a 28-day infradiurnal rhythm, naturally governed by a woman’s monthly hormonal cycle. A circadian rhythm is what regulates the sleep-wake cycle of all living things on Earth approximately every 24 hours. For men, their hormone cycle falls within this 24-hour period with testosterone high in the morning and low in the evening. Infradian cycles are cycles that last more than 24 hours. Examples of infradian cycles are migration, hibernation, seasonal rhythms, and of course the 28-day menstrual cycle. During this 28-day cycle, female hormones fluctuate from day to day.

Our current culture is based on the 24-hour day and typically neglects the natural change in women’s 28-day cycle. We are often expected to keep going, keep pushing, keep creating and keep doing until our health gives out and we collapse. Yet we still overcommit, overextend ourselves, and our expectations weighed on our bodies and minds.

Physical deterioration. We begin to develop symptoms such as heavy, irregular and painful periods, infertility, low sexual desire or more extreme symptoms such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), fibroids (abnormal growths inside the uterus) or endometriosis (growth of tissue outside the uterus). Do you struggle with any of these? Continue reading.

Why are all these symptoms increasing? Because women are never clearly taught about their body cycles, and we are often disconnected from what our bodies are telling us, we often ignore or don’t understand our circadian and infradian cycles until something goes wrong.

Heavy Menstrual Bleeding (menorrhagia): Symptoms And More

The term cycle synchronization (R) was coined by Alissa Vitti, founder of Flo Living. It’s about aligning almost every aspect of your life with your body’s natural biological infradian rhythms. We learn to combine our nutrition, training and productivity in perfect synchronicity, improving all areas of our lives.

Here are just a few. The energy of construction does not exhaust it. Feel more confident in who you are. Feel more comfortable in your body. Feel less stress while achieving more. Feel more enjoyment at work. Releasing the pressure to be perfect. Feel aligned with the creation process. Understand the signs of why you feel the way you do. If we live in line with our cycles, we can have better periods, more energy, better relationships, more productivity, and a longer life. I want you to find joy in your cycle and use it to your advantage and stop fighting it.

Before we get into the details of how to align our nutrition, movement, and productivity with our cycles, we first need to understand how our cycles work.

What Are The Four Stages Of Menstrual Cycle

There are four main phases of each infaridan cycle: menstrual, follicular, ovulatory and luteal. There are two main hormones that fluctuate throughout the cycle: estrogen and progesterone. These hormones affect appetite, energy levels, sex drive, productivity, and more. When you intentionally support your four phases of your cycle, life becomes easier and more understandable.

Menstrual Cycle Hormones

The first phase of your cycle is menstruation. The first day you bleed is day 1. Your primary sex hormones, estrogen and progesterone, are at their lowest levels. Your body is shedding the uterine lining. In the first few days your energy is usually low as your body concentrates on shedding, but towards the end of your period, you may feel your energy start to increase. The menstrual phase occurs on days 1 to 6 of the cycle.

When your period ends, you enter your follicular phase. The pituitary gland produces a hormone called follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), which tells the ovaries to prepare an egg. One of your follicles, a fluid sac that contains eggs,

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