Long Term Side Effects Of Birth Control Pills – Birth control is a widely used method to prevent pregnancy, and in some cases, to manage many conditions. As a result, many women can rely on some form of birth control throughout their adult lives. While birth control is generally considered safe, some researchers and doctors are investigating the effects of long-term use.
It is important to understand the different types of birth control available: hormonal and non-hormonal methods. Non-hormonal options include barrier systems and copper IUDs (intrauterine devices) that do not contain hormones, while hormonal options contain progestin and/or estrogen.
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Long Term Side Effects Of Birth Control Pills
Hormonal birth control methods include estrogen and progestin or only progestin. Progestin is a synthetic form of the hormone progesterone. There are two types of birth control: the “combined” method, which contains estrogen and progestin, and the “progestin-only” method, which contains only progestin. Combinations include birth control pills, oral contraceptives (birth control pills), and vaginal rings. Progestin-only methods include birth control pills such as norethindrone and drospirenone, the Depo-Provera injection (containing medroxyprogesterone), the Nexplanon arm implant (containing etonogestrel), and intrauterine devices (IUDs). like levonorgestrel (eg, Mirena).
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Severe reactions and side effects from antibiotics are possible but rare. In addition, it is worth noting that most of the studies on the long-term side effects of contraceptives are often related to birth control pills. Here are some side effects of taking birth control pills:
Combination birth control pills can increase the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT). This happens when blood clots form in the arms or legs, and in severe cases, they can travel to the lungs causing a pulmonary embolism. A review of 26 studies found that all drugs combined increased the risk of blood clots. Some progestins, like desogestrel and drospirenone, have a higher risk compared to levonorgestrel. However, it is important to know that the overall risk of blood clots with birth control pills is low. In fact, pregnancy has a higher risk of blood clots than using birth control pills.
If you have a history of blood clots, consider discussing an alternative, such as an IUD containing levonorgestrel, with your TopLine MD Alliance physician.
Heart attacks and strokes can occur if blood clots block the heart’s blood supply or to the brain. A review of 24 studies found that birth control pills increased the risk of heart attack or stroke, especially those containing 50 mcg or more of these. estrogen.
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While heart attacks in women under the age of 50 are rare, it is important to consider your health history. If you have a history of heart disease, high blood pressure, or stroke, you may want to discuss options like the levonorgestrel IUD because of the higher risk of complications with other forms of contraception. childbirth. Also, be sure to tell your doctor if you are a smoker. Women aged 35 or older who smoke are often advised against hormonal contraceptives because of the risk of stroke or heart attack.
Oral birth control has been linked to a higher risk of developing cancer, including colon and rectal cancer. However, it is worth mentioning that the same drug has been reported to reduce the risk of developing colon, ovarian, and endometrial cancer.
According to a study by the World Health Organization (WHO), there is a risk of uterine cancer in people who have used birth control pills. last 5 years. This study also shows that the risk of uterine cancer increases with long-term use of birth control pills. However, it is important to remember that when birth control is not used, the risk of breast cancer will likely return to its original level. It is worth mentioning that the study specifically focuses on people infected with the human papillomavirus (HPV), because this virus is an important factor in the development of cancer.
Almost all birth control pills increase the risk of breast malignancies. In a large study of a total of 150, 000 women, the risk of breast cancer is higher when using the drug together. In addition, the risk is even higher in the next ten years, even after using the capsule. Another study, with a total of 1.8 million participants, found that all birth control options increased the risk of breast cancer, including all drugs, the vagina, the patch, and the levonorgestrel intrauterine device. However, the associated risks are low. For example, out of 100,000 women between the ages of 25 and 29, only 61 will develop breast cancer.
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Current research shows that the use of this method usually does not affect pregnancy, but it takes some time to get pregnant after stopping use. For most women, pregnancy usually occurs within a year of stopping birth control, although specific products can affect timing. For example, using Depo-Provera may delay its use in pregnant women.
When deciding to have a baby, it is important to make a personal decision. Although most birth control methods are generally safe, some types may not be suitable for everyone. Schedule an appointment with a TopLine MD Alliance participating physician to explore your birth control options and address any concerns.
By |2023-08-23T19:26:08+00:00 August 10th, 2023|Reproductive Medicine, Gynecology, Hormones, TopLine MD News, Women’s Health| Comments Off on What is the long-term use of birth control pills? Low-dose birth control pills are hormonal contraceptives with low levels of synthetic hormones (estrogen and progestin) than traditional medicine. When used correctly, these are just as effective as the pill in birth control. In addition, they are considered safer and may have fewer side effects due to lower hormone levels (1). However, their use may be contraindicated in some cases. Therefore, using them as a medical guide is important. Experts recommend taking these pills regularly, at the same time every day, to maximize their effectiveness. Read on to learn about low-cost birth control pills, how they work, benefits, side effects, and other birth control options.
Low-dose contraceptives are oral and oral contraceptives with low levels of estrogen and progesterone (progestin) hormones. This pill is available in standalone (minipill – progestin only) and combined (estrogen and progestin) forms. Their main goal is to reduce the risk of side effects that can occur with many oral contraceptives.
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Combined estrogen is preferred over progestin only because the former is known to cause fewer side effects (2). The amount of estrogen in oral contraceptives is around 30 micrograms (20 for low-dose pills), as opposed to the standard 30-50 micrograms found in many prescription drugs (3). However, the dosage may vary, and the dose may contain between 20-35 micrograms of estrogen (4).
In the past, birth control pills contained high amounts of estrogen, with some containing as much as 150 micrograms. However, the estrogen in the pill was eventually reduced to 100, 80, and 50 micrograms (3) (5).
These pills contain only progestin and are usually prescribed when estrogen is contraindicated or ineffective (2). A few examples of these drugs are Errin, Camilla, and Micronor (8). Estrogen can be contraindicated in people with cancer, a history of stroke, autoimmune diseases, high blood pressure, and migraines.
XA is flexible, the ring is placed in the woman’s uterus to prevent pregnancy. However, there is not much information about their use in large numbers of women (9).
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The doctor usually prescribes a low dose equal to or less than 35 micrograms. However, when using a combination of hormones, some important factors can affect the dose or whether a woman should take this medicine. In general, birth control pills that do not contain estrogen are given to women who may be more affected by higher levels of estrogen. These include the following (6).
Note: Very low estrogen pills (pills with 20mcg or less of estrogen) are not recommended for women under the age of 40 with a history of deep vein thrombosis.
Low-dose birth control pills with estrogen and progestin block the release of eggs from the ovaries and prevent ovulation. In addition, they thicken the cervix, making it difficult for the sperm to fertilize the egg. In addition, some drugs change the lining of the uterus, making the environment in the uterus unfavorable for implantation (10).
Although effective in inhibiting fertilization and conception, oral contraceptives do not help control sexually transmitted infections (10).
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Progestins act as contraceptives, while estrogens control menstrual bleeding (11). According to some studies, oral contraceptives reduce ovulation and reduce endometrial tissue, which helps reduce blood sugar and prostaglandin.
XA group of lipids that work like hormones, work in different ways. These changes may help control heavy bleeding, pain during pregnancy (12), and symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome.
In addition to preventing unwanted pregnancy, birth control pills may also have some health benefits, including the reduction of (13) (14):
Although these drugs are effective and can be beneficial to women’s health, they can also carry the risk of several negative effects, including (6) (11) :
Study: Hormonal Birth Control A Factor In Breast Cancer Risk
If you notice any of the side effects after taking the pill, contact your gynecologist to avoid long-term health problems.
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