Lack Of Potassium In The Human Body – Hypokalemia is the main indication for potassium supplementation. However, people with other ailments can also benefit from supplementing with this element. Swollen feet, persistent sleepiness, headaches, tremors in the calves or thighs, mood swings and irregular heartbeats could mean you’re not getting enough potassium in your diet.
Potassium is one of the most important elements in the body. As an electrolyte, it is tasked with maintaining the correct voltage on cell membranes and transferring electrical impulses between cells. This means that it controls the work of the muscles, including the heart, and is responsible for each heartbeat. By participating in the process of building amino acids and proteins, it is also responsible for the proper muscle building process and for muscle mass, and due to magnesium antagonism, for proper muscle tone.
- 1 Lack Of Potassium In The Human Body
- 2 Hyperkalemia & Hypokalemia Nursing Diagnosis And Nursing Care Plan
Lack Of Potassium In The Human Body
Potassium also helps remove excess fluid from the body, which is very important when sodium intake is too high (as in modern society), because one of the things that causes excess sodium is fluid retention and limb edema. As a sodium antagonist, potassium regulates water volume, reduces swelling and at the same time reduces blood pressure. By controlling water and acid-base balance, it helps maintain homeostasis throughout the body.
Don’t Ignore These Low Potassium Symptoms
Potassium absorption occurs in the small intestine, and the main organ that maintains a constant concentration is the kidney. Only 8% of potassium is excreted through the digestive tract. However, this value increases in patients with renal failure. Too much potassium removed from the body causes a deficiency, which is hypokalemia.
Symptoms of serious potassium deficiency only appear when there is a large drop in the concentration of this element, and disappear quickly after the level is regained. However, milder potassium deficiency can also cause unpleasant ailments such as general fatigue, water retention, swelling of the limbs, spontaneous tremors in the thighs or calves, and headaches.
The risk of severe potassium deficiency increases in the elderly, where the main factors contributing to this are insufficient potassium intake, increased loss of potassium through the digestive tract, and frequent use of drugs that increase its excretion.
, the recommended daily intake of potassium is a minimum of 4,700 mg, and for lactating women 5,100 mg. Potassium can be found in many foods. It is found in almost all types of meat – white and red, as well as in fish and vegetables. Good sources include broccoli, spinach, legumes – peas and beans – as well as potatoes (especially skins), tomatoes and squash. Potassium can also be found in fruits such as bananas, kiwis, citrus, plums and apricots (higher in dried apricots). Milk, yogurt and beans also have potassium.
Potassium Deficiency (plants)
Unfortunately, it is well known that nutrients, for various reasons (including due to disease), may not be fully absorbed from food, or the food itself is so poor in nutrients that it does not meet the requirements. Building an optimal diet is not easy. For example, the average potassium content in the diet of hypertensive patients only provides about 70% of the RDI, which is caused by insufficient intake of vegetables and fruits. Therefore, if potassium supply needs to be increased, supplementation should be considered.
The first thing to do is determine the level of potassium in your body. Information on whether your system has a deficiency, excess or normal potassium levels can be obtained from the results of elemental hair analysis (EHA). The result reflects the concentration of potassium in the body, and the level of the remaining 28 elements is an indication of the possible cause of potassium deficiency and an invaluable aid in choosing the right treatment and supplements. Results indicating severe potassium deficiency require further targeted diagnosis.
Potassium supplementation is needed in hypokalemia. It should also be considered in people at risk of potassium deficiency (without hypokalemia). Risk groups include the elderly and people with hypertension, cardiac arrhythmias, after a stroke, with nephrolithiasis or osteoporosis.
There is research showing the benefits of increasing potassium intake in adults with hypertension. Studies show a reduction in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, as well as a lower risk of stroke by an average of 24%. At the same time, no adverse effects of increased potassium intake on kidney function were observed.
Drinking Water And Your Health
In animal studies, a reduction in the risk of thrombosis due to increased potassium supply, and a decrease in urinary calcium excretion were also observed. It has also been shown that patients who excrete more potassium have a lower risk of developing kidney stones. The reduction in calcium excretion in people with high potassium intake is also the reason why the risk of developing osteoporosis is reduced.
Determining the type of potassium supplement requires an individual approach that takes into account the state of the body’s organs responsible for controlling this element. Currently, the most commonly used form of potassium (potassium chloride) is tablets or capsules. However, the liquid form of the supplement is best absorbed by the body. When choosing a product, pay attention to the potassium content.
Factors that require special attention during potassium supplementation include, but are not limited to, long-term bedridden illness, low fluid intake, difficulty swallowing, gastroparesis and medications. Potassium products should be taken after a meal with at least 100 ml of water at room temperature and you should remain standing or sitting for about 10 minutes.
Does Sodium And Potassium Imbalance Lead To Swollen Ankles?
Strictly Necessary Cookies should be enabled at all times so that we can store your preferences for cookie settings.
If you disable these cookies, we will not be able to save your preferences. This means that every time you visit this website, you will need to enable or disable cookies again.
This website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors to the site and the most popular pages. Share on Facebook Facebook Logo Share on Twitter Twitter Logo Share on LinkedIn LinkedIn Logo Copy URL to clipboard Share URL Icon copied to clipboard
Hyperkalemia & Hypokalemia Nursing Diagnosis And Nursing Care Plan
You must have heard that an apple a day keeps the doctor away. But what about a banana a day? Your body needs potassium to function. It is one of the essential minerals for health. It helps regulate your body’s fluid balance, maintain your body’s electrolyte system, lower blood pressure and reduce your risk of stroke.
Too much potassium, called hyperkalemia, can cause weakness, fatigue, loss of muscle function, and a slow heartbeat. Too little potassium, called hypokalemia, can cause muscle weakness, muscle twitching, heart palpitations, and seizures—it can also cause paralysis and respiratory failure.
Low potassium levels can cause serious health problems, such as high blood pressure and kidney stones, which is why it’s important to know how to identify the symptoms of low potassium and what can cause them. Fortunately, you can often increase your potassium levels on your own through diet and supplements. Here’s what you need to know.
Low potassium is a blood potassium level below 3.5 mEq/L; below 2.5 mEq/L can be life threatening. Normal potassium levels, for most people, are usually between 3.5 and 5.0 mEq per liter (mEq/L), according to the 2018 clinical update. Anything above 5.0 mEq/L is considered high, and levels above 6.0 can be dangerous and may require medical attention right away
Unexpected And Amazing Benefits Of Potassium
Most people do not go to the doctor for low potassium levels or because they think they are hypokalemic. Usually, it’s detected when you have blood work done because you have symptoms of another disease, such as an adrenal disorder, or when you run routine lab work, which is often necessary if you’re taking diuretics.
Many people do not experience any symptoms of hypokalemia until it becomes severe, and the total potassium has dropped below 3.0 mEq/L.
Low potassium is not a disease in itself, but rather a symptom of an underlying condition or disease. When low potassium is detected, your doctor may suggest additional tests to determine the cause. Further blood tests may check for glucose, magnesium, calcium, sodium, phosphorus, thyroid hormones and aldosterone. Your doctor may also order an electrocardiogram (EKG) to check the electrical activity in your heart.
It is also important to treat the underlying medical condition or eliminate its cause. For example, if excessive laxative use causes hypokalemia, then addressing the physical or psychological need for laxatives should be part of the treatment plan. If a patient needs a diuretic, their doctor may discuss replacements that allow potassium to remain in the body (potassium-sparing diuretics) or may prescribe a daily
Symptoms Of Low Potassium (hypokalemia) To Watch For
Importance of potassium in the human body, lack of potassium in body causes, signs of lack of potassium in the body, what causes lack of potassium in the body, lack of potassium in your body, lack of potassium in the body, functions of potassium in the human body, causes of lack of potassium in the body, lack of potassium in body symptoms, lack of potassium in the body symptoms, lack of potassium in body, lack of sodium and potassium in body