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2020 used two separate required questions (one for Hispanic or Latino origin and one for race) to collect the races and ethnicities of the U.S. population – according to standards established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1997.

How Many Races Are There In America

How Many Races Are There In America

Based on our research over the past decade, we refined the design of the two separate questions and updated our data processing and coding procedures for 2020.

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This work began in 2015 through our research and testing centered on the results of the 2015 National Content Test and the designs were implemented in the 2018 test.

Improvements and changes allowed for a more comprehensive and accurate depiction of how people identify themselves, resulting in a more accurate picture of how people report their Hispanic origin and ethnicity in the context of a two-question format.

These changes reveal that the U.S. population is more multiethnic and more diverse than we have measured in the past.

We are confident that the differences in overall racial distributions are largely due to improvements in the design of the two separate questions for collecting and processing race data as well as some demographic changes over the past 10 years.

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We are also confident, as shown in our research over the past decade, that using a single question combined for race and ethnicity in the decade would ultimately lead to a more accurate picture of how the U.S. population defines themselves, especially for self-identified people . -Identifying as multiracial or multiracial.

Today’s release of the 2020 redistricting data provides a new snapshot of the nation’s racial and ethnic makeup as a result of improvements in the design, processing, and coding of race and ethnicity questions.

Almost all groups experienced population increases in this decade, and the increase in populations of two or more races (referred to in this story as the multiracial population) was particularly large (up 276%). The white population alone has declined by 8.6% since 2010.

How Many Races Are There In America

It is important to note that these data comparisons between 2020 and 2010 race data should be done with caution, given the improvements we have made to questions about Hispanic origin and race and the ways in which we code what people tell us.

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Accordingly, data from 2020 show different but reasonable and expected distributions from 2010 for the white population alone, some other races alone or in combination, and the multiracial population, especially for people who self-identify as white and some other races. .

These findings are not surprising because they are consistent with our expert research and corresponding findings in the past decade, particularly with the results of the 2015 National Content Test, on the effects of question format on reporting of race and ethnicity.

To present the results, we use the concepts of race alone, race combined, and race alone or combined to frame the discussion of racial and ethnic composition, and these three concepts are essential to understanding the changing demographics of our country.

Additionally, we have an accompanying data visualization that expands on these statistics, providing a comprehensive view of racial and ethnic makeup at the national, state, and county levels.

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This story highlights national-level data. Data for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico are available in our interactive data visualization.

The Hispanic or Latino population grew from 50.5 million (16.3% of the US population) in 2010 to 62.1 million (18.7%) in 2020.

The observed changes in the white population can be attributed to a number of factors, including demographic change since 2010. But we expect that they were largely due to improvements in the design of the separate race and ethnicity questions, data processing and coding, which allowed a more comprehensive and accurate depiction of how People’s preference to introduce themselves.

How Many Races Are There In America

Nearly 19.9 million people (6% of all participants) identified as Asian alone in 2020, up from 14.7 million people (4.8%) in 2010.

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The population of some other races was the second largest ethnic group singly or combined, making up 15.1% of the total population.

The observed changes in the population of some other races can be attributed to a number of factors, including demographic change since 2010. But we expect that they were largely due to improvements in the design of the separate questions for race and ethnicity, data processing and coding, which allowed A more comprehensive and accurate depiction of how people prefer to identify themselves.

In 2020, the percentage of people reporting multiple races changed more than all race groups alone, rising from 2.9% of the population (9 million people) in 2010 to 10.2% of the population (33.8 million people) in 2020.

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The observed changes in the multiracial population can be attributed to a number of factors, including demographic change since 2010. But we expect that they were largely due to improvements in the design of the separate questions for race and ethnicity, data processing, and coding, which allowed a more comprehensive depiction and accuracy of how people prefer to introduce themselves.

Another way to examine data on race and ethnicity is to classify Hispanic or Latino origin by race. As seen in the 2010 survey, many Hispanic or Latino respondents answered the separate question on race by reporting their ethnicity as “Mexican,” “Hispanic,” “Latin American,” “Puerto Rican,” etc. till then.

These and other answers to the race question that reflected Hispanic or Latino origin were classified into the “some other race” category, where Hispanic or Latino people may be of any race according to the 1997 Office of Management and Budget criteria.

How Many Races Are There In America

Between 2010 and 2020, the number of Hispanic or Latino people with more than one race increased 567% from 3 million (6.0%) to 20.3 million (32.7%) (Figure 4).

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We are confident that these differences in racial distributions are largely due to improvements in the design of the separate race and ethnicity questions, data processing, and coding, which enabled a more comprehensive and accurate depiction of how people prefer to self-identify.

The 2020 data also enables us to examine the racial and ethnic makeup of the population aged under 18 (children) and the population aged 18 and over (adults) (Figure 5).

The racial and ethnic composition among children is quite different from that of adults. This comparison offers insight into the demographics of this country’s younger generations and glimpses of what the future may hold.

The observed changes in the white population, some populations of other races, and the multiracial population can be attributed to a number of factors, including demographic change since 2010. But we expect that they were largely due to improvements in the design of the separate questions for race and ethnicity, and addressing data, and coding, which allowed a more comprehensive and accurate depiction of how people prefer to identify themselves.

Infographic: Government Collection Of Race And Ethnicity Data

For more information about how the office collects, codes, and tabulates statistics related to race and Hispanic or Latino origin, explore the 2020 Subject Definitions and 2020 Redistricting Technical Documents pages.

Information about the implementation of differential privacy and data accuracy for 2020 at various geographic levels is available on the 2020 Data Products: Avoid Disclosure Update website.

As an addendum to the America Counts story, improved race and ethnicity measures reveal that the U.S. population is more multiracial, and Tables 1 through 5 provide race and ethnicity statistics for the nation (50 states and the District of Columbia) from the 2020 redistricting data ( PL 94-171 ).

How Many Races Are There In America

2020 Redistricting Table: Supplemental Tables August 12, 2021 These tables show aggregated data on race and Hispanic origin from the 2020 redistricting data (P.L. 94-171)

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The USPTO provides the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico with census counts for use in redrawing the boundaries of congressional and state legislative districts—a process known as “redistricting.”

While states are responsible for legislative redistricting, the office provides the potential census counts for geographic areas that states need.

Redistricting Program Public Law 94-171 requires state legislatures to provide the small-area population compilations necessary for redistricting at the legislative level. Frequently Asked Questions About 2020 Data Redistribution Products August 05, 2021 Information About Plans for the 2020 P.L. 94-171 Repartition data summary files. DAS System Development: Descriptive Data and Progress Metrics The Office is building and evaluating a new cryptographic-based Disclosure Avoidance System (“DAS 2020”) through a series of development “sprints.”

2020 Visualization Population and Housing State Data Visualization U.S. Adult and Under 18 Population: 2020 View the percentage of population ages 18 and over in 2020 in your state. Visualization 2020 Demographic Data Map Viewer 2020 Demographic Data Map Viewer is a web mapping application that includes state, county, and tract-level data from 2020. Visualizing Racial and Ethnic Diversity in the United States: 2010 and 2020

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