High Red Blood Cell Count High Hemoglobin – Hemoglobin is a protein found in your blood cells that plays an important role in carrying oxygen in the blood to all parts of the body. A sudden change in hemoglobin count can indicate health problems.
While a low hemoglobin number may indicate anemia, a high number may indicate a health problem or the result of lifestyle choices.
- 1 High Red Blood Cell Count High Hemoglobin
- 2 Red Blood Cell
- 3 Rbc Count High, Good, Or Bad? Symptoms, Causes, And Prevention
- 4 Is High Wbc (white Blood Cells) Count In Pregnancy Harmful?
High Red Blood Cell Count High Hemoglobin
Hemoglobin is a protein found in your blood. Due to the presence of iron, hemoglobin gives red color to the blood. Measuring the level of hemoglobin in your blood can give you an indirect idea of your red blood cell count. A normal hemoglobin count is between 14 to 17 grams per deciliter for men and 12 to 15 grams per deciliter for women. A complete blood count (CBC) test indicates the number of blood cells and hemoglobin level. A high level of hemoglobin can be seen in routine CBC tests.
Red Blood Cell
If you face any of the above symptoms, it is best to consult a doctor to avoid further complications.
Hemoglobin count can fluctuate throughout the day. Many factors like age, gender, health status can change the hemoglobin count in your blood.
A high level of hemoglobin is a result of your body’s increased need to carry oxygen to different parts of the body. Certain lifestyle factors or certain rare diseases can cause high hemoglobin levels, such as the following:
Many factors can be responsible for changes in hemoglobin count. These changes can be reversed if you make the following lifestyle changes:
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Medications: A doctor may prescribe medications to treat your high hemoglobin levels. The course of treatment largely depends on the underlying health problems that caused the change in your hemoglobin count.
Phlebotomy: In this treatment option, the doctor will use a needle or syringe to draw blood from your body. This process may be repeated depending on your hemoglobin count.
If you have high hemoglobin levels, making certain lifestyle changes can reduce your risk of developing serious health complications. Early diagnosis can help manage symptoms more effectively.
Quit smoking and make specific changes to your diet and lifestyle. Avoid using multivitamins that contain iron.
Rbc Count High, Good, Or Bad? Symptoms, Causes, And Prevention
High levels of hemoglobin can make you more likely to develop high blood pressure. It is best to consult a doctor to treat the condition.
Slight fluctuations in your hemoglobin count are quite normal. Any healthy person can experience fluctuations of up to 1gm/dL due to changes in fluid intake.
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Polycythemia is a blood disorder characterized by an increase in the number of red blood cells (RBCs) in the body. Red blood cells are primarily responsible for transporting oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body by traveling through the circulatory system. Red blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, where hematopoietic stem cells are stimulated by erythropoietin, a hormone produced by the kidneys. Polycythemia can be triggered by increased erythropoietin production or excessive division of hematopoietic stem cells, thereby increasing RBC production. As a result, the blood thickens which can lead to congestion in the peripheral organs. In particular, the spleen, which is responsible for destroying RBCs, may become enlarged.
What Does It Mean If Your Rdw Is High?
Polycythemia is a general term for all conditions that result in high red blood cell counts, while polycythemia vera is used to describe only primary polycythemia. Primary polycythemia is a rare blood disorder in which the polycythemia is not the result of another condition (secondary polycythemia).
The gene codes for non-receptor tyrosine kinase, an enzyme that transfers a phosphate group from adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to another molecule to help control cell division. When there is a
Change, this process can become uncontrollable. Consequently, hematopoietic stem cell division and differentiation are unregulated. They can later differentiate into many types of blood cells, mainly RBCs, white blood cells and platelets.
On the other hand, secondary polycythemia results from another underlying condition. Secondary polycythemia is usually associated with low oxygen levels of tissue hypoxia, which can stimulate the kidneys to increase production of erythropoietin. Common causes of this hypoxia include altitude, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cyanotic heart disease. In addition, conditions that directly affect the kidney (eg, renal artery stenosis, renal cysts, and renal tumors) can also increase erythropoietin production. Side effects of some hormone-related medications, such as erythropoietin analogs, anabolic steroids, and testosterone, can also cause polycythemia. Rarely, tumors, such as hepatocellular carcinoma, may secrete erythropoietin, causing polycythemia.
Is High Wbc (white Blood Cells) Count In Pregnancy Harmful?
Risk factors for all types of polycythemia include obesity, smoking, chronic alcoholism, diabetes, high cholesterol, and hypertension. Specific risk factors for primary polycythemia include male assignment at birth or age over 50 years.
Primary signs and symptoms of polycythemia include fatigue, headache, dizziness, and episodic blurred vision. After a hot shower or bath, individuals may experience a peripheral tingling, or burning sensation and even itching. Other signs and symptoms may include hypertension, mucosal cyanosis, bruising, and petechiae (ie, red and flat spots on the skin). On palpation of the abdomen, an enlarged spleen or liver is felt.
Polycythemia can cause complications related to organ congestion and blood thickness or viscosity. Individuals are at high risk of blood clots, which can lead to deep vein thrombosis, stroke, myocardial infarction, and angina pectoris. Rapid turnover of blood cells also increases the production of uric acid in the body, leading to the formation of kidney stones and gout (ie, uric acid-induced inflammation of the joints). Additionally, increased inflammation can cause problems in the gastrointestinal system, including the development of peptic ulcers. Over time, if polycythemia vera is not well controlled, the bone marrow can become filled with scar tissue and RBC production will eventually decrease. This can lead to the development of myelofibrosis, a cancer of the bone marrow with symptoms such as weakness and fatigue.
Diagnosis of polycythemia begins with a thorough review of signs and symptoms and medical history, and conducting a physical examination. After that, a blood test is usually done. A complete blood count can confirm a suspected increase in the number of red blood cells, as it usually shows an increase in hematocrit and hemoglobin. With primary polycythemia, the number of white blood cells and platelets may also increase. Genetic tests for a
Rdw Blood Test: Normal Range, Test Uses, Causes Of High Rdw
Mutations can also confirm primary polycythemia. A high serum level of erythropoietin can confirm many causes of secondary polycythemia. In addition, imaging, including X-rays, ultrasound, or MRI, may be used to identify an underlying pulmonary or cardiac cause of secondary polycythemia.
The goal of polycythemia treatment is to decrease red blood cell production. For secondary polycythemia, treatment of the underlying condition is necessary. In general, phlebotomy can be used to remove blood from the body and initially reduce blood viscosity and volume. It is then recommended that individuals increase fluid intake and take aspirin to prevent the development of blood clots. Treatment may also include myelosuppressive agents, such as hydroxyurea, to suppress the bone marrow’s production of RBCs.
Polycythemia is a blood disorder characterized by overproduction of red blood cells. There are two types, primary and secondary. Primary polycythemia, or polycythemia vera, is usually acquired
Mutations Secondary polycythemia is polycythemia that develops secondary to another condition that causes erythropoietin production and hematopoietic stem cell stimulation, such as tissue hypoxia, kidney diseases, and side effects of certain drugs. Common signs and symptoms include fatigue, headache, episodic blurred vision, and dizziness. Diagnosis involves medical evaluation through blood tests that confirm an increased number of RBCs. Treatment includes removing the blood by phlebotomy, increasing fluid intake, taking aspirin, and either suppressing the production of bone marrow RBCs or treating the underlying condition.
Case Of Polycythemia • The Blood Project
Haider, M., and Anwar, F. (2022, January 5). Secondary polycythemia. In StatePearls [Internet]. Retrieved January 29, 2022, from https://www.statpearls.com/articlelibrary/viewarticle/27405/
Harding, M. M., Kwong, J., Roberts, D., Hagler, D., & Reinisch, C. (2020). Lewis Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems (11th ed.). Elsevier.
Mayo Clinic. (2022, February 11). Polycythemia vera – symptoms and causes. at the Mayo Clinic. Retrieved November 29, 2021, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/polycythemia-vera/symptoms-causes/syc-20355850.
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. (2022, March 24). Polycythemia vera. At the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Retrieved March 29, 2022, from https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-topics/polycythemia-vera
Polycythemia Vera (pv)
Pillai, A.A., Fazal, S., and Babikar, H.M. (2021, November 3). Polycythemia. In StatePearls [Internet]. Retrieved January 29, 2022 from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK526081/ Don’t miss our biggest sale of the year, save 60% off all plans! Sale ends on November 27 at 11:59 PM.
Hematocrit (HCT) refers to the proportion of red blood cells (RBCs) in a person’s blood. Adults with XY chromosomes typically have HCTs that range from 40% to 54%, and adults with XX chromosomes have HCTs that range.
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