Dangers Of High White Blood Cell Count

Dangers Of High White Blood Cell Count – Blood cell disorders are conditions that affect some of your blood cells – these are your red and white blood cells, and even your platelets. All of these cells form in your bone marrow. While some disorders disrupt the function of one of these cells, they can also impair multiple blood cells and their given function. .

Below are some common benign blood disorders that affect one’s blood cells and platelets. To help our patients better understand each condition, we’ve included the symptoms, risk factors, diagnostic methods, and treatment options for each of these benign blood conditions.

Dangers Of High White Blood Cell Count

Dangers Of High White Blood Cell Count

What is anemia? Anemia is a blood cell disorder that affects the function of your red blood cells. If you suffer from anemia, your body lacks the healthy blood cells needed to carry oxygen to the rest of your body. Anemia is also sometimes referred to as low hemoglobin. .

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The signs and symptoms associated with anemia depend on the severity and type of anemia you have been diagnosed with. In addition, anemia can sometimes occur without symptoms. However, some symptoms that may indicate anemia include:

Anemia is often linked to a lack of specific vitamins and minerals, chronic conditions and intestinal diseases. In addition, other risk factors for anemia include pregnancy, menstruation, age, and a family history of anemia.

To diagnose anemia, our haematologists may recommend a full blood count (FBC), which will inform us of the level of red blood cells in your blood.

If it is due to a dietary deficiency, the supplementation of the deficient nutrients (folate, iron or vitamin B12) may be sufficient. If there are other causes, treatment must be directed accordingly.

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Iron deficiency anemia is a common form of anemia when the body does not have enough iron to produce hemoglobin.

Some common symptoms of iron deficiency anemia are general tiredness, unusual weakness, pale skin, a tingling sensation in the legs, swelling and soreness of the tongue, brittle nails and frequent headaches.

Iron deficiency anemia is usually caused by low dietary intake, blood loss, increased need for iron during pregnancy and reduced iron absorption from the diet. The risk factors for iron deficiency include age, genetic conditions and lifestyle choices.

Dangers Of High White Blood Cell Count

Our hematologists can recommend a series of tests to diagnose iron deficiency anemia. These tests may include a full blood count (FBC), an iron profile, and additional diagnostic tests may be needed, such as a colonoscopy and endoscopy to rule out any bowel causes.

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Treatment options for iron deficiency anemia may include oral iron supplements, intravenous iron infusion, and red blood cell transfusion.

You can find more information about iron deficiency anemia, its symptoms, risk factors and treatment options here.

Aplastic anemia is a rare and serious condition when insufficient blood cells are produced in the body. This causes the body to feel tired and can increase the risk of both uncontrolled bleeding and infections.

Some risk factors for aplastic anemia include exposure to toxic chemicals, radiation or chemotherapy for cancer treatment, certain prescription drugs, pregnancy, and autoimmune disorders.

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The treatment for aplastic anemia depends on the age and severity of the patient’s condition. The treatment aims to restore blood cell production. It may resolve spontaneously without treatment if the condition is mild, although this is not very common. Patients will likely need blood and platelet transfusions to prevent and control infections.

Thalassemia is a genetic blood disorder that affects the production of red blood cells. Abnormal production of blood means that affected individuals do not make sufficient amounts of functional red blood cells.

There are several types of thalassemia, and the most common forms are alpha and beta thalassemia. Clinically, patients with thalassemia can present with thalassemia minor or thalassemia major.

Dangers Of High White Blood Cell Count

The symptoms of thalassemia can vary, and some people have no visible symptoms, while others develop symptoms later in adolescence. Some of the most common symptoms include:

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In order for our haematologists to diagnose thalassemia, they may recommend a full blood count (FBC). More specific blood tests such as hemoglobin electrophoresis and red blood cell genotyping are needed to clarify the diagnosis of thalassemia and determine the subgroup of thalassemia.

Depending on the type of thalassemia you have been diagnosed with, treatment options may vary – some forms of thalassemia require no treatment. However, should you need treatment, our haematologists can recommend iron chelation, blood transfusions, bone marrow or blood stem cell transplants.

Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a blood condition in which a blood clot (thrombus) forms in a vein located deep in the body, usually in the leg or arm. This results in blood flow through the vein being partially or completely blocked, causing the affected limb to become painful, red and swollen.

Various risk factors increase your chances of developing deep vein thrombosis. These include prolonged bed rest or sitting for long periods, age, obesity, smoking, cancer, heart failure, genetics, birth control pills and pregnancy.

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An ultrasound is usually used to diagnose deep vein thrombosis. It allows our haematologists to check whether your blood flows normally through your veins.

The recommended treatment is an anticoagulant, a drug that will thin the blood and prevent the clot from getting bigger and stopping it from breaking off and causing a pulmonary embolism. The clot will naturally dissolve in your body over time.

Pulmonary embolism refers to a condition where a blood clot (thrombus) becomes lodged in a blood vessel in the lung. A PE usually starts as a blood clot in the deep veins (also known as deep vein thrombosis or DVT) in the leg that has broken off and flowed to the lungs. This can be a life-threatening condition if not treated quickly.

Dangers Of High White Blood Cell Count

Some common symptoms of pulmonary embolism include difficulty breathing, coughing up blood, and pain in the chest or upper back.

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The most common risk factors for pulmonary embolism include hereditary conditions (blood clotting disorders), being immobile for long periods, and a history of cancer or receiving chemotherapy.

Our hematologists may order specific blood tests (including a test known as D-dimer), an EKG, a pulmonary angiogram, a chest X-ray, and other diagnostic tests to diagnose pulmonary embolism.

Depending on a patient’s overall health, different treatment options may be recommended for pulmonary embolism. These include anticoagulant medications, compression stockings, and thrombolytic therapy.

You can find more information about pulmonary embolism, its treatment options, and the potential risks and side effects of anticoagulant medications here.

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Immune thrombocytopenia is an autoimmune disorder that causes low platelet counts, resulting in abnormal bleeding and bruising.

Patients with immune thrombocytopenia who have a platelet count higher than 50 may not show any signs of the disease. The low platelet count is usually detected during a routine blood test in these cases. People with very low platelet counts may develop symptoms such as petechiae (pinprick rash), bruising, purpura (purple spots on the skin), bleeding from the nose and gums, heavy periods and fatigue.

Some risk factors for immune thrombocytopenia include sex, which has been shown to be more common in women, and diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.

Dangers Of High White Blood Cell Count

Patients with immune thrombocytopenia who have a platelet count higher than 50 may not show any signs of the disease. The low platelet count is usually detected during a routine blood test in these cases.

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Patients with mild ITP usually do not need active treatment. However, their platelet count should be monitored regularly. Treatment of ITP aims to increase the number of platelets and suppress the body’s immune system to reduce the destruction of platelets.

First-line treatments for ITP include steroids, such as prednisolone and intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG). These help by dampening the immune response and preventing the destruction of platelets.

Von Willebrand disease (vWD) is one of the most common bleeding disorders that occurs due to low levels of or malfunctioning von Willebrand factor (vWF) in the blood.

The symptoms of vWD can either be too mild to be noticed or extremely severe and frequent. Symptoms can begin at any age and may include lumpy bruising, blood in the urine and stool, and prolonged bleeding. In addition, patients with vWD may notice symptoms similar to anemia, such as weakness and fatigue.

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To diagnose von Willebrand disease, our hematologists may ask questions about your family history. In addition, our doctor will look for unusual bruising and take blood tests to find out how your blood clots.

Currently, there is no cure for vWD. However, the condition can be controlled with medication and other therapies such as antifibrinolytic agents, Desmopressin and replacement therapies.

Hereditary red blood cell disorders are disorders that are passed down genetically. Two common types of inherited red blood cell disorders are sickle cell disease and thalassemia. .

Dangers Of High White Blood Cell Count

A genetic mutation causes thalassemia, and these mutations prevent the normal production of hemoglobin in the body. As mentioned, without sufficient hemoglobin, oxygen cannot be transported to the rest of the body. Without enough oxygen, your organs will not be able to function properly. This can lead to conditions such as an enlarged spleen, heart problems, bone deformities and both development and growth delays in children. .

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Treatment for thalassemia is usually blood transfusions and folic acid supplements. A tribe

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