Climate Change Impacts On Global Food Security – Currently, the world is beginning to encounter the effects of the continuous warming of the Earth. According to research, this phenomenon may worsen in the near future (Tokarska & Gillett, 2018). Furthermore, even if there is a significant reduction in greenhouse gases, the rate of climate change is almost unstoppable. An intergovernmental panel report on climate change (IPCC) states that if temperatures rise above 2º Celsius, the consequences would be catastrophic, especially for developing countries (Change, 2018). Third world nations are experiencing more bad weather, drought, ocean warming, and sea levels rising. An increase in temperature above 2º Celsius could worsen food insecurity, thereby putting many people at risk. Climate change directly and indirectly affects many elements of food security, especially in the livestock and agricultural sector, which is a source of employment and income in developing countries. In order to ensure that there is less climate change, both developing and developed countries must adopt the reforms required by environmental conservation organizations.
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- 1 Climate Change Impacts On Global Food Security
- 2 Majority Of Americans Say Climate Change Is Contributing To Rising U.s. Food Prices And Global Food Shortages, With Government Action Needed, According To New Survey From Action Against Hunger/harris Poll
Climate Change Impacts On Global Food Security
The terms climate change and global warming are often used interchangeably; however, global warming is among the elements of climate change. Studies define global warming as the continuous heating of the planet for a long period of time (Soutter & Mõttus, 2020). The result of this heat is mainly due to human activities such as burning fossil fuels, which produce greenhouse gases that trap them in the Earth’s atmosphere. On the other hand, climate change refers to long-term changes to the average weather pattern that defines the global, regional and local climates of the planet (Soutter & Mõttus, 2020). Human activities are the main causes of global warming; however, climate change includes the burning of fossil fuels and natural processes such as La Niña, El Niño, and volcanic activity. Therefore, climate change includes global warming; however, it refers to a wider variety of changes occurring on Earth. These include the increase in melting ice in the Arctic and Greenland, shrinking glaciers, and rising sea levels.
Climate, Nature And Our 1.5°c Future
Most people cannot differentiate between climate change and global warming for various reasons. One of the factors that cause this confusion is that both occur after the environment has been affected after a long period. The main difference between the two phenomena is that most individuals do not know that global warming is an element of climate change. The reason for this is that human activities such as burning fossil fuels are primarily responsible for global warming. On the other hand, climate change is a result of human activities and natural processes such as volcanic activities. The other reason why there is confusion between global warming and climate change is the way they affect the Earth. Climate change is an average of the weather patterns with a region, while global warming affects the entire planet.
The projections indicating that the Earth’s temperature will continue to increase are very credible. These predictions began in the 1900s and since then, the earth’s temperature has been steadily increasing. According to studies, the temperature of the planet depends on the equilibrium between energy leaving and entering the Earth system (Nissan et al., 2019). When the sun’s energy is released into the planetary system, it heats up. When that heat is reflected by the Earth’s surface into space, the planet cools. Therefore, a balance is needed between energy leaving and entering the Earth’s atmosphere to ensure that climate change is controlled. Nevertheless, the projections regarding an increase in temperature within the Earth are plausible due to several human and natural factors.
The Earth’s temperature will continue to increase due to increased human activities that emit greenhouse gases. Compared to the 1900s, there has been an increase in the number of manufacturing industries in 2020. Although some of these industries are adopting sustainable ways of conducting their operations, many industries still use traditional methods that produce mainly gases such as methane (CH
) (Tokarska & Gillett, 2018). When the sun heats the Earth’s surface, it becomes warmer. Some of the heat must be reflected in space to ensure that there is a temperature balance in the planetary system. However, due to an increase in CH
Impact Of Climate Change On Food Security: A Comparative Overview In The Global North And South
Emissions, the heat is trapped within the Earth’s structure, leading to an increase in temperature over time. The other reason the projections are credible is changes in the sun, affecting its intensity. Although the difference may be small, the intensity of sunlight can determine the Earth’s temperature.
In developing countries, climate change poses a number of challenges, particularly in the food security sector. One of the challenges is that climate change negatively affects food production and agriculture. A report by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) states that the poor yield for food crops such as cereals is a result of adverse climate conditions (Masipa, 2017). Senior CO
Amounts in the Earth’s atmosphere, extreme situations of floods and droughts, water shortages, and higher temperatures affect the growing of staple food, especially in developing countries. As a result, a reduction in wheat and maize production leads to extreme cases of hunger in developing countries. Although these issues are constant, the world has not yet found a solution. Therefore, it is necessary to develop mitigation programs that would ensure that these problems are avoided.
The other way climate change affects food security in developing countries is by limiting its access. As climate change affects food production, it means that it further affects its access. Weather disasters such as droughts and floods cause farmers to inflate their prices. When prices increase, most people, especially from poor households, cannot afford to buy the food. Research indicates that when price inflation increases, people from poor households often spend three quarters of the budget on food (Lincoln Lenderking et al., 2020). As food structures are constantly interdependent, this means that severe weather phenomena may interfere with them. In most cases, individuals in underdeveloped countries are those who would be disproportionately affected. Therefore, it is important to ensure that the environment is protected to reduce the amount of carbon emissions into the atmosphere as this would reduce the increase in temperature.
A Global Crisis Brings Food Security To The Table
There is evidence that financial aid to developing governments is widely misused by government officials. A department of the World Bank responsible for investigations related to issues of corruption and fraud states that government officials are misusing money (Sahqani, 2017). In order to help developing countries in the fight against climate change and food security, it is necessary to ensure that the money allocated for aid is used appropriately. However, corrupt government officials in these countries make it difficult to achieve this objective. The World Bank has carried out a number of surveys and found some punishable cases. Most of these cases involve corruption among government officials in developing countries. These individuals often embezzle the money, which ends up in their foreign accounts.
In order to operate in a particular region, aid agencies may need licenses and certifications. In developing countries, the government is the overall body responsible for issuing these licenses. In most cases, government officials in these departments demand bribes to allow a particular organization to provide its services to people (Sahqani, 2017). As these organizations have limited resources to provide, they have to use what is available to pay bribes, thereby reducing financial aid to the poor and hungry. Reports show that more than half of government officials in underdeveloped countries ask for bribes (Sahqani, 2017). As a result, most poor people cannot receive help on time which leads to high death rates. Furthermore, funds provided by international aid agencies are often distributed inconsistently by government officials. In some situations, these governments redirect the financial support to dishonest procurement, white elephant projects, or military equipment.
With the Earth’s temperature constantly increasing, it would be very difficult to reduce hunger, especially in developing countries. To ensure that everyone understands the impact of changes in temperature on food security, individuals need to know the difference between global warming and climate change. Through this information, everyone will understand the measures that are supposed to be taken to reduce the increase in temperature on the Earth’s surface. Developing countries are most affected, especially in terms of food production and access to food. These countries are vulnerable to extreme weather such as floods and Tsunamis. Furthermore, these nations have corrupt government officials who misuse the money received from aid agencies. Therefore, it is essential to ensure that all countries adopt measures that protect the environment.
Lincoln Lenderking, H., Robinson, S., & Carlson, G. (2020). Climate change and food security in the Caribbean small island developing state: Challenges and strategies.
Majority Of Americans Say Climate Change Is Contributing To Rising U.s. Food Prices And Global Food Shortages, With Government Action Needed, According To New Survey From Action Against Hunger/harris Poll
Masipa, T. S. (2017). The impact of climate change on food security in South Africa: The current reality and the challenges ahead.
Nissan, H., Goddard, L., De Perez, E. C., Furlow, J., Baethgen, W., Thomson, M. C., & Mason, S. J. (2019). On the use and misuse of climate change projections in international development.
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