Climate Change And Its Impact On Environment – Although we often think of human-induced climate change as something that will happen in the future, it is an ongoing process. Today, ecosystems and communities across the United States and around the world are affected.
A collage of typical climate and weather-related events: floods, heat waves, droughts, hurricanes, wildfires and disappearing glaciers. (Image Source:)
- 1 Climate Change And Its Impact On Environment
- 2 How To Reduce Human Caused Environmental Changes
- 3 How Does Climate Change Affect Plants And Animals?
- 4 Built Environment: Measuring Climate Change Impact
Climate Change And Its Impact On Environment
Global temperatures increased ex situ by about 1.98°F (1.1°C) from 1901 to 2020, but climate change is about more than just rising temperatures. It also includes rising sea levels, changes in weather patterns such as droughts and floods, and more. The things we rely on and value – water, energy, transportation, wildlife, agriculture, ecosystems and human health – are experiencing the impacts of climate change.
Impact Of Climate Change On Business
The impacts of climate change on different sectors of society are interconnected. Droughts can harm food production and human health. Flooding can lead to the spread of disease and damage to ecosystems and infrastructure. Human health problems can increase mortality, impact food supplies, and limit worker productivity. The impacts of climate change are felt in every aspect of the world we live in. However, the impacts of climate change are uneven across the country and the world—even within a community, the effects of climate change can vary between communities or individuals. Persistent socioeconomic inequalities can make underserved groups more vulnerable, often facing the greatest harms and having the fewest resources to cope.
Projections of a future affected by climate change are not inevitable. We now know many of the problems and solutions to offsite linking, and ongoing research continues to provide new ones. Experts believe there is still time to avoid the most negative consequences by limiting off-site link heating and reducing emissions to zero as soon as possible. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions requires investments in new technologies and infrastructure that will spur job growth. Additionally, reducing emissions will reduce harmful impacts on human health, saving countless lives and billions of dollars in health-related costs.
Levels of carbon dioxide and methane, the two most important man-made greenhouse gases, continued to rise steadily in 2020 despite the economic slowdown caused by the coronavirus pandemic.
We see climate change affecting our planet from pole to pole. Monitoring global climate data, here are some of the changes recorded. You can explore more on the Global Climate Dashboard .
How To Reduce Human Caused Environmental Changes
Flooding is an increasing problem as climate changes. Compared with the early 20th century, much of the United States has experienced stronger and more frequent abnormally heavy precipitation events.
Conversely, droughts are becoming more common, especially in the American West. Humans are using more water, especially for agriculture. Just like we sweat more when it’s hot, higher temperatures cause plants to lose, or transpire, more water, which means farmers have to give them more water. Both emphasize the need for more water where supplies are dwindling.
For many people, snowpack is an important source of fresh water. As the snow melts, fresh water becomes available, especially in areas like the western United States that don’t get much precipitation during the warmer months. But as temperatures warm and overall snowfall decreases, snow begins to melt earlier in the year, meaning the snowpack may not be a reliable source of water throughout the warm and dry seasons.
The Redlands Mesa area outside Hotchkiss, Colorado, is particularly at risk from wildfires, but with funding from the Environmental Literacy Program, local high school students are taking action to address the community’s vulnerability to this hazard.
Causes And Effects Of Climate Change
Our food supply depends on climate and weather conditions. While farmers and researchers may be able to adopt some agricultural techniques and techniques or develop new technologies, some changes will be difficult to manage. Rising temperatures, drought and water shortages, disease and extreme weather are creating challenges for the farmers and ranchers who put our food on the table.
Farmworkers can suffer from heat-related health problems, such as fatigue, heat stroke and heart disease. Rising temperatures and heat stress can also harm livestock.
Climate change is already affecting human health. Changes in weather and climate patterns can put lives at risk. Heat is one of the deadliest weather phenomena. As ocean temperatures rise, hurricanes become stronger and wetter, potentially causing direct and indirect deaths. Dry conditions can lead to more wildfires, which poses many health risks. Higher rates of flooding can lead to the spread of waterborne diseases, injuries, and chemical hazards. As mosquitoes and ticks expand their geographic ranges, they can spread diseases to new places.
Due to the complex factors of climate change, the most vulnerable groups, including children, older adults, people with pre-existing health conditions, outdoor workers, people of color and low-income people, face heightened risks. But public health groups can work with local communities to help people understand and build resilience to the health impacts of climate change.
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Examples of populations at higher risk of adverse climate-related health threats are presented, along with adaptation measures that can help address disproportionate impacts. When considering the full range of threats posed by climate change and other environmental exposures, these groups are among the most exposed, most sensitive, and have the fewest individual and community resources to prepare for and respond to health threats. White text indicates the risks faced by these communities, while dark text indicates actions that can be taken to reduce those risks. (EPA (National Climate Assessment))
French fries depend on potatoes, and like all crops, potatoes have their preferred climate. How much longer can America’s favorite side dish maintain a safe spot on our menus?
Climate change will continue to have significant impacts on ecosystems and living organisms, although they will not be affected equally. The Arctic is one of the ecosystems most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, as it is warming at least twice as fast as the global average, and the melting of land ice caps and glaciers contributes significantly to global sea level rise.
Some organisms can cope with climate change; some plants bloom earlier, and some species may expand their geographical ranges. But for many other plants and animals, these changes happen too quickly, as rising temperatures and changing precipitation patterns stress ecosystems. Some invasive or nuisance species, such as lionfish and ticks, may thrive in more places due to climate change.
Pdf) Climate Change And How To Reduce Its Negative Effects
The ocean is changing too. The ocean absorbs about 30% of the carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere from the burning of fossil fuels. As a result, the water becomes more acidic, affecting marine life. Sea levels are rising due to thermal expansion and melting ice caps and glaciers, putting coastal areas at greater risk of erosion and storm surges.
The compounding effects of climate change are causing many changes in ecosystems. Coral reefs are vulnerable to many impacts of climate change: Warming waters can cause coral bleaching, stronger hurricanes can destroy coral reefs, and rising sea levels can cause corals to be suffocated by sediment. Coral reef ecosystems are home to thousands of species that depend on healthy reefs for their survival.
As future leaders who will make decisions about issues facing their communities, the Museum of Science and Industry positions high school youth as advocates to build cities’ resilience to the impacts and consequences of global climate change.
Physical infrastructure includes bridges, roads, ports, power grids, broadband internet, and other parts of transportation and communications systems. It’s often designed to last for years or decades, and many communities’ infrastructure is not designed with future climates in mind. But even newer infrastructure may be vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
How Does Climate Change Affect Plants And Animals?
Extreme weather events that bring heavy rain, flooding, wind, snow or temperature changes can put stress on existing structures and facilities. Rising temperatures require more indoor cooling, which puts pressure on the energy grid. Sudden heavy rainfall can cause flooding, closing highways and major business areas.
Nearly 40 percent of the U.S. population lives in coastal counties, meaning millions of people will be affected by rising sea levels. Coastal infrastructure such as roads, bridges, and water supplies are at risk. Rising sea levels can also cause coastal erosion and high tide flooding. It is projected that some communities may be at or below sea level by 2100 and will face decisions about managed retreat and climate adaptation.
Many communities are not prepared to deal with climate-related threats. Even within communities, some groups are more vulnerable to these threats than others. Going forward, it is important for communities to invest in resilient infrastructure that can withstand future climate risks. Researchers are studying the current and future impacts of climate change on communities and can provide recommendations for best practice. Resilience education is critical for city planners, emergency managers, educators, communicators, and all other community members to address climate change.
North Carolina’s Sea Grant works with state and local groups to evaluate strategies to address landlocked issues
Built Environment: Measuring Climate Change Impact
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